- Interview with Isaura De Ceia : Portuguese immigrant and factory worker
This is an interview with Isaura De Ceia, in Bethlehem, PA, conducted by Andrew Krause. In this interview, Isaura discusses her life while living in the Lehigh Valley. She talks about what it was like growing up in South Bethlehem, the ethnic diversity in her neighborhood, her education, her experience working in a sewing mill and then at Champion and how it was working for a union there. She also describes the Southside in the 1940s, the Portuguese community, including the Portuguese Club, what Hellertown was like when she moved there in the 1950s and the Portuguese community there. She describes her experience being a member of Holy Infancy Roman Catholic Church, and also talks about her husband, children, and grandchildren. Lastly, Isaura describes how she believes the Lehigh Valley has changed over the years, particularly the transporation and culture of the area.
1 computer file (1 hr., 23 min.) : digital + 1 transcript 2006
- Interview with Lillian Mindlin : living on the South Side of Bethlehem, Pa.
This is an interview with Lillian Mindlin, a resident of Bethlehem, PA, conducted by Andrew Krause. In this interview, Lilllian discusses numerous topics about her and her family's life in the Lehigh Valley. Some of the topics she discusses are her family history and background, the store her parent's owned and operated (located on the South Side), and where her family would get provisions on the South Side. She also describes the South Side in the 1920s and 1930s, her schooling, religious background, and her husband and their children and grandchildren. Furthermore, she discusses the social groups she was involved in, and her insights of how the Lehigh Valley has changed over the last decades (particularly Allentown and Bethlehem), such as shopping, commerce, and transporation ; she also talks about how the Bethlehem Steel affected the Lehigh Valley and her own life, and her opinions of what should be done with the Bethlehem Steel land now.
1 computer file (ca. 1 hr., 38 min.) : digital + 1 transcript 2006
- Interview with Magdolna Krycia and Joanne Krycia : Magdola, a former worker...
This is an interview with Magdolna Krycias and Joanne Krycias, in Hellertown, PA, conducted by Andrew Krause. In this interview, Magdolna discusses her family history, growing up on a farm in Coalsville and later in Steel City, her education, social gatherings her family attended, the experiences of both her and her husband working for Bethlehem Steel, as well as her time working at Champion. For her portion of the interview, Joanne discusses growing up in Hellertown, her education and work history, describing in detail her job while at Western Electric up until the time it became Agere, and what it was like working for a union there. Lastly, both women discuss how they think the Lehigh Valley has changed over the years, discussing such topics as transportation, culture, and land development.
1 computer file (1 hr., 29 min.) : digital + 1 transcript 2006
- Interview with Mary & John Stolysiak : living in the eastern European commu...
This is an interview with Mary Stolysiak, a resident of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, conducted by Andrew Krause discussing various topics about her life in Bethlehem. She and her husband, John, describe their lives from early childhood to the present time. They discuss how they came to live in Bethlehem and what it was like growing up in the city. A major topic of discussion is work, which entails work at the Bethlehem Steel Company and the strike of 1940-41, as well as the Depression. They also provide their opinions on the present status of Bethlehem and how they've seen the city change over the years.
1 computer file (ca. 1 hr., 11 min.) : digital + 1 transcript 2006
- American Dream [videorecording] : as seen fron the South Side of Bethlehem,...
Provides a variety of viewpoints on the experiences and attitudes of people who have immigrated to the South Side of Bethlehem, Pa. from the Carribean region, as well as commentary on the history of this immigration. People interviewed in the documentary include Bethlehem residents Fiordaliza Guillen, a native of the Dominican Republic; Milagros Aponte, a native of Puerto Rico; John K. Smith, Assoicate Professor of History, Lehigh University, and Javier Toro, Executive Director, South Bethlehem Neighborhood Center. This video was produced by a student in the 2008 History/American Studies course, Bethlehem's South Side in Documentary Film.
1 computer file (18:31) : color 2008
- Lehigh Valley Voices [videorecording] : Joseph Falcone, Jr.
Joseph Falcone, Jr., a native of Bethlehem, Pa., discusses his life. Areas explored in detail include the immigrant experience, the role of religion, his educational experiences from grade school through college, and his role as an executive. Falcone's experiences differed from many in similar circumstances as his father, an Italian immigrant, decided to raise his family in a Pennsylvania German neighborhood on the north side of Bethlehem when Italian immigrants tended to live together on the south side of the city. He describes how he interacted with neighbors and places a special emphasis on the influence of the people he went to school with at Monocacy Grade School and Liberty High School; people he describes as the children of Lehigh professors and executives at Bethlehem Steel. Falcone also describes how academic and athletic success, along with the guidance of various educators, allowed him to attend Phillips Andover Academy and Lehigh University, ultimately earning an MBA from Columbia University. Falcone also discusses his family and his career in several industries which included assignments in South Africa and Asia while with Corning Glass Works. This documentary is part of Lehigh Valley Voices, an oral history project that captures memories of life and work in Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton, Pennsylvania.
1 computer file (29:24) : color 2008
- Women of Bethlehem Steel - Frances Cortez Funk
Frances Cortez Funk’s father, Frank J. Cortez, worked as a laborer at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation from 1970 until the late 1980s. Throughout the interview, Frances Cortez Funk discusses her father’s career, including his work as a union member and activist, and the influence of his life and work on her life and her family. Frank Cortez’s union involvement inspired his daughter Frances to study labor studies at Pennsylvania State University and pursue a career as a union organizer. At the time of the interview, Cortez Funk explains that she has returned to her early passion for union work in her job at Kutztown University. Frances and her mother Yoko, who also participates in the interview, tell stories about Frank Cortez that speak to his outgoing, positive personality and his drive to help others and for justice, qualities that endeared him to his family, coworkers, and community in Bethlehem and Salisbury Township. Yoko Cortez was also a union worker. She worked as a seamstress and was an active member of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union. Yoko participates in the interview and shares her story of growing up in Japan during World War II, meeting her husband Frank while he was serving in the military in Japan, and immigrating to the United States. Yoko experienced violence and suffering, including the loss of family members, during World War II. Her story and is one of loss, resilience, and building a new life in a new country and unfolds in this interview alongside her daughter’s story of growing up in a working class, union family and community. At the end of the interview, Frances Cortez Funk reflects on the changing economic, political, and social realities of Bethlehem, PA following the closing of the Bethlehem Plant and the Bankruptcy of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation. This interview is part of a series of interviews conducted by Lehigh University and the Steelworkers’ Archives and supported by the Lehigh University Mellon Digital Humanities Initiative and the South Side Initiative. An oral history interview is an act of memory and hence both highly selective and highly subjective. While it accurately reflects what a narrator remembers (or chooses to tell) of his or her experience and viewpoints, it may not accurately represent what actually transpired or what another person may have experienced. As such users should subject interviews to the same degree of critical scrutiny they would any other historical source.
audio file ; transcript; index 2011
- Women of Bethlehem Steel - Interview with Helen Weaver : former server in ...
This is an interview with Helen Weaver, a former employee of the Bethlehem Steel. Helen, her father, and three brothers all worked at the Bethlehem Steel. She describes her memories of her father working at the Steel, and then goes on to describe her own career at the Steel working in the executive dining room, where she served Eugene Grace, former president and chairman of Bethlehem Steel, and other executives. Weaver describes how the Bethlehem Steel affected the South Side and the businesses located there. She talks about some of these South Side businesses, such as the South Side market, the movie theater and other shops on Third Street. Lastly, Weaver discusses talks about the camaraderie between Bethlehem Steel co-workers as well as the strike of 1941 and its effect on the employees and the community. An oral history interview is an act of memory and hence both highly selective and highly subjective. While it accurately reflects what a narrator remembers (or chooses to tell) of his or her experience and viewpoints, it may not accurately represent what actually transpired or what another person may have experienced. As such users should subject interviews to the same degree of critical scrutiny they would any other historical source.
1 computer file (ca. 59 min.) : digital + 1 transcript [n.d.]