Beyond Steel

The Autobiography of John Fritz

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ii[Illustration]: Fig. I. (Frontispiece)
iiiTitle Page
iv
vDedication
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viiPreface
viii
ixTable of Contents.
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xiForewords From Old Friends.
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1The Autobiography of John Fritz. Chapter I. Family History.
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3[Illustration]: Fig. 2.-Birthplace of John Fritz.
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7Chapter II. Early Farm Life.
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13Chapter III. School Life.
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20Chapter IV. School Life.- Continued.
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24Chapter V. Boyhood Days.
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32Chapter VI. My Apprenticeship Days.
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40Chapter VII. Norristown.
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43[Illustration]: Fig. 3.-John Fritz in his Youth. (From an old daguerreotype).
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49Chapter VIII. Norristown-Continued.
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59Chapter IX. Safe Harbor.
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67Chapter X. Fever and Ague.
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77Chapter XI. Norristown, Second Time.
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80Chapter XII. Kunzie Furnace.
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90Chapter XIII. Catasauqua.
91Chapter XIV. Cambria.
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93[Illustration]: Fig. 4. Cambria Iron Works, Johnstown, PA., in 1854
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96[Illustration]: Fig. 5.(Good Iron Common) Fig. 6.(Common Puddled Iron, Reworked.
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108Chapter XV. Cambria.-Continued: The Three-High Rail Mill.
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116Chapter XVI. Cambria.- Contiuned: Fire and Reconstruction.
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125Chapter XVII. Cambria.- Continued: Retrospect.
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137[Illustration]: Fig. 7.-Cambria Iron Works, Johnstown, PA., in 1860
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139Chapter XVIII. Bethlehem: Iron Rolling Mill and Blast Furnaces.
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144Chapter XIX. United States Rolling Mill at Chattanooga.
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147Chapter XX. Puddling.
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149Chapter XXI. The Bessemer Process.
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159Chapter XXII. The Bessemer Process.-Continued.
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166Chapter XXIII. Open-Hearth Process.
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169Chapter XXIV. Blooming Mill.
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173Chapter XXV. Structural and Plate Mill.
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177Chapter XXVI. Forge and Armor-Plate Plant.
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180[Illustration]: Fig. 8.-Section of Steel Shaft Showing Imperfections in Forging.
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189Chapter XXVII. Forge and Armor-Plate Plant.-Continued.
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192[Illustration]: Fig. 9.-One Hundred and Twenty-Five Ton Steam Hammer, Bethlehem Iron Company.
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195[Illustration]: Fig. 10.-Fourteen Thousand Ton Hydraulic Forging Press, Built by the Bethlehem Iron Company. Two Cylinders, Each Fifty Inches in Diameter
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197[Illustration]: Fig. 11.-Engine Furnishing 15,000 Horse-Power for Hydraulic Forging Press, Bethlehem Iron Company. Three Cylinders, Each Fifty Inches in Diameter and Ninety Inch Stroke. Designed by E.D. Leavitt and Built by the Wm. Cramp Ship and Engine Building Company.
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201[Illustration]: Fig. 12.-Works of the Bethlehem Iron Company, 1893. (At the date of the retirement of John Fritz.)
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204Chapter XXVIII. Conclusion.
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208Afterword.
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210Honors: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
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212Honors: The Iron and Steel Institute.
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214The Bessemer Gold Medal: Iron and Steel Institute.
215[Table]: Engineering Societies., College Degrees., Medals., Committees.
216The Fritz Engineering Laboratory.
217[Illustration]: Fig. 13.-The Fritz Engineering Laboratory, Lehigh University, South Bethlehem, PA.
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220[Table]: The Principal Equipment of the Testing Section Proper.
221[Illustration]: Fig. 14.-The Fritz Engineering Laboratory, Interior. General Testing Section.
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225[Illustration]: Fig. 15.-The Fritz Engineering Laboratory, Interior. 800,000 Pound Riehle Testing Machine.
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227A Short Account of the Anniversary Dinner Given to John Fritz, the Engineer, and of his Arrest, Trial, and Sentence, at the Opera House, Bethlehem, PA., September 28, 1892.
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233[Illustration]: Fig. 16.- John Fritz, 1892.
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244This Is The Indictment Presented by The Grand Jury, and on was Tried.
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250The Poem which Dr. R. W. Raymond, Senior Counsel for the Defense, Recited in Court, and which, No Doubt, had Much to do with the Sentence Imposed on the Prisoner.
251This is what The Attorney-General said in his Closing Speech, and which Shows that he knew very little about the Duties of that Office.
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253And this is the "Blue-Print" speech made by the Prisoner in his Defense, after Listening to which the Chief-Justice at once gave him a "Time Sentence".
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256The Curtain Falls
257The Guests Invited, Most of Whom were Present.
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266The John Fritz Banquet to Celebrate the Foundation of the John Fritz Gold Medal, Waldorf-Astoria, New York, October 31, 1902. - The John Fritz Medal.
267Proposed Rules for the Award of the John Fritz Medal.
[Illustration]: Fig.17.- The John Fritz Medal.
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269[Table]: Brief Financial Statement of the John Fritz Medal Fund, as of January 23, 1903.
270Speeches at the Dinner to John Fritz, at the Waldorf-Astoria - Salutatory.
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272Presentation of the Medal - John Thomson, C.E.
273[Illustration]: Fig.18.-Exterior of Album.
274Speech of Mr. John Fritz.
275[Illustration]: Fig.19.-Frontispiece of Album.
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283Speech of Gen. Eugene Griffin.
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288Messages of Congratulation.
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290Speech of Mr. George S. Morison.
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293Speech of Dr. Rossiter W. Raymond.
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298Speech. of Capt. Robert W. Hunt.
299[Illustration]: Fig.20.-Cup Presented to John Fritz on his Eightieth Birthday by Irving M. Scott, Builder of the Oregon.
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304Speech of Mr. Oliver Williams.
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307Speech of Prof. Elihu Thomson.
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309Speech of Mr. Daniel A. Tompkins.
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313The Banquet as seen by One in the Gallery.
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319List of Subscribers.
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325[Table]: The Following are the Awards of the John Fritz Medal:
326Testimonial Dinner to John Fritz by the Manufacturers' Club of Philadelphia.
327[Illustration]: Fig.21.-The Fritz Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church and Parsonage, South Bethlehem, PA. Erected by John Fritz as a Memorial to his Father and Mother, 1982.
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