AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ
mill idle so much of the time, when the company was seriously pressed for money, and making it impossible to mn the plant with economy; but I kept my temper as near zero as possible, and remamed hopeful. Anticipating aU shortcomings as far as possible, and being ready for them when they did occur, was the only tMng that could be done, and by constant vigilance in all minor detafls and by making betterments when possible, we made a marked improvement in time of running, increased the output in a greater ratio, greatly reduced the cost of rails per ton, and also improved the quaUty.
In the midst of aU my troubles, the company took a contract to make several thousand tons of rails with hollow heads. It was impossible to make them out of their own iron, and I told them so at once. In reply, Mr. D.J. Morrell, the business manager, told me that hollow-headed rails were at that time being made at Wheeling out of pig iron that was made at Johnstown of the same ore that Cambria was using. I said it was not possible and some one was not teUing the truth, and that we would go down to Wheel¬ ing at once and see for ourselves what they were doing. We arrived at WheeUng in the evemng. After supper, Mr. MorreU proposed to caU and see the proprietor of the miU where the rails were being made. I said, " No, we will caU at the works to-morrow mormng at about dayUght." TMs we did, and hunted up the roller and found Mm, and he and I at once recognized each other, as he had worked for me in the Norristown Iron Works. After a few casual remarks, I said to Mm, in the presence of Mr. MorreU, " How are you getting along with the hoUow-headed rails?" He said they had been having terrible trouble with them in trying to make them out of Johnstown iron and found it utterly impossible. He said they then got some better pig iron, wMch gave fairly good results, and used but Uttle