112 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ
at dangerous points in the train; these pieces were expected to give way vmder certain strains so as to save the roll from breaking. One of the previous methods was to make the coupHng boxes and spindles Hght, so that they would break when any extra strain came on them; and the leading spindle had a groove cut around it to weaken it, so that it would be sure to break before the rolls. The result was the constant breaking of some of these safety devices. In addition to all these devices, there was what was called a special breaking box on top of the rolls which held the rolls in place. This was made hollow so as to crush if the strain on the rolls became too great. I directed the pattern maker to make this box soHd. The mill manager, seeing the pattern was solid, went to the pattern maker to have it changed and made hollow, as he supposed it had been made soUd through a mistake. The pattern maker refused to alter the pattern, saying the old man (as they called me over fifty years ago) had ordered it to be made that way. " Well," said the manager, " the old man has gone crazy; and if that box is put in as it is, the mill will be smashed to pieces, and I am going to see him about it." This he did, and I told him the box was going in soUd, as I would rather have a grand old smash-up once in a while than be constantly annoyed by the breaking of leading spindles, couphngs, and breaking boxes, to which he repUed: " By God, you'U get it."
When it became known that I had abandoned aU safety devices another violent storm arose, and it was of such a character as to much annoy Mr. MorreU. He was a very clever gentleman, without experience in the manufacturing end of the business, and, being known as the General Mana¬ ger of the plant, he was naturally worried. This, of course, gave me much trouble, to keep him in Une, as every person he would meet that knew anything about the business would