AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ iig
feet, and the same length of four-inch water pipe, all of cast iron, and cross pipe leading from the main steam and water pipes to the boilers, made of four-inch wrought iron and copper. The old cast-iron steam and water pipes were almost totaUy destroyed. Where the pipes were not broken in two, the branches on them for the boiler connections were broken, and the cross steam and water pipes, which were made of wrought iron with copper turns for expansion, were so bent and twisted that many of them could not be used. Shafting, puUeys, and all Ught machinery were badly injured. The engines were all more or less damaged. The roll bearings, being soft metal, were generaUy melted out, and the rolls aU had to be taken out and new metal put in.
The outlook was most discouraging. The miU workmen were in sore distress, having been told by some persons that it would take a year at least to get the miU ready to run again. They came to me to know what they should do, as they could not Uve without work until the miU would start up again. I at once assured them that we would make rails inside of thirty days, and that we would give them aU the laboring work we could during that time. This cheered them up very much. In twenty-eight days from the time of the fire we were running the miU on fuU time, but without a building; we put up a temporary frame to carry the hooks, and the workmen were covered temporarily with boards throughout the mill.
The building that had just burned down was of wood, and I suggested that we rebuild with brick. This was vehemently opposed by some of the stocldiolders, but, there being a brickyard with good clay at the door of the mill, I at once made a contract with the men who had charge of the yard for aU the brick that it would take to put up the building at $2.62! per thousand. The building, whose total length, including transepts, was over one thousand