AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ 129
of to-day, with ponderous tools and massive cranes. To¬ day the casting is taken from the foundry to the machine shop, the heaviest housing that is made is Ufted and placed on a large, heavy, powerful, and ingeniously planned tool, is set, placed on the planer, which has a slotter combined, planed on the inside, the recess that contains the bearing for the roll-neck slotted out, the base slotted off, the hole for the screw bored out to receive the nut which contains the screw, the casting taken from the planer to the mill and placed on a shoe or bedplate, wliich is cast in one piece, the whole length of the bedplate planed off from end to end, so that the housing can be placed at will anywhere to suit the space for the length of the roUs. The fixings that go into the housings that secure the roUs in place are aU planed to a templet, so that they will go in place easily and all at one setting and on one tool. There need not be a chisel or file mark on the whole job. After the shoes are in place the housings and fittings are put in position without either line or level, and the train cannot get out of Une, The whole of the work is placed in position by an electric travel¬ ing crane which commands the length of the train. Yet, after all, the old-time machinists, with their hammer, chisel, and file, and with their experience, are still in demand, and on the best class of work, and they are at aU times the men for emergencies, — a class of workmen that are known as aU-round men, who wiU acquit themselves with credit in any position you may place them.
As before stated, after the introduction of the three-high rail mill at the Cambria Works, and the improvements pertaining thereto, and the change of the mamier of fitting up the miU, which was superior to anything that had been done up to that time, it became necessary to substitute machinists in place of the millwright and the forge carpen¬ ter, who, up to that time, had been doing the fitting up of