AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ 151
phosphorus, as in a general way the coal and ores carried nearly that amount; consequently the Bessemer fever wluch I had when I met Mr. Griswold was changed to a Bessemer cliiU after the interview. This was a great disappointment to me. By the time I reached home I was aU right, however, and I abandoned the idea of going into making Bessemer steel. Knowing the inferiority of the iron rails made in the country and knowing something must be done, I then turned my attention to the improvement of their quaUty, and with some success.
I set my mind at work to make aU possible improvement on iron rails, and gave considerable thought to steel-headed rails. We succeeded in making a much better iron rail than had been made up to that time, and made some experiments in the direction of steel-headed rails with some promise of success. But having aU the work we could do on iron rails, we paid but Uttle attention to steel, as the information I received from Mr. Griswold satisfied me that it was useless to spend any more time on the steel ques¬ tion. During this time, in or about the years 1863 or 1864, WilUam F. Durfee and Robert W. Hunt were at Wyandotte, Michigan, making experiments with a smaU converter. They succeeded in making steel, but their experiments could not be caUed a commercial success. About the same time, or probably a Uttle later, Mr. A. L. HoUey was successful in making steel at Troy, N. Y., at the experunental plant before referred to.
In or about the year 1865, the Lehigh VaUey Railroad Company imported some steel rafls from England. In being unloaded from the cars one of the rafls was broken and it was sent to the Bethlehem Iron Company's works to be driUed and spUced. We had the drilUngs analyzed and found the rail to contain about 0.12 of phosphorus. The rail had broken, as might have been expected with that