l62 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ
the quaUty of iron. So far as is known, neither of them at that time had in view the manufacture of steel.
When Mr. Bessemer received his patent in this country in 1856, Mr. KeUy immediately set up a claim of priority of invention, and supported this claim with an account of what he had previously done at his forge at Edd}^lle, Kentucky.
Mr. KeUy continued his EddyviUe experiments at Johns¬ town, at the Cambria Iron Works, during my time there. The Bessemer and KeUy claims were considered by the Commissioner of Patents, and Mr. KeUy was granted a patent on the ground of priority, and in 1863 a company, known as the KeUy Process Company, was formed, for the purpose of making steel under the KeUy patents.
As stated before, the control in this country of the Bes¬ semer patents was obtained in 1864 by John F. Winslow, John A. Griswold, and Alexander L. HoUey, of Troy, N. Y., and the finn. was successfifl in 1865 in making Bessemer steel at their experimental furnace at that place. A com¬ promise was arranged between them and the KeUy Process Company. The Bessemer Company attracted more general attention than the Kelly claims; but considerable credit is due to Mr. KeUy for what he had accompUshed.
Early in the history of the Bessemer process the Bethle¬ hem Iron Company had an opportunity to make a long¬ time contract with the CornwaU people, on favorable terms, for a quantity of suitable ore, but the directors were not then disposed to do so, notwithstanding the fact that we had used large quantities of both the iron and the ore, and knew them to be good, especiaUy as a mixture. The directors thought we could buy the iron and the ore as we wanted them, and would not be embarrassed by a long contract. At that time we were the only people who knew how valuable the CornwaU ore was. The other Bessemer