AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ 285
staff ofiScers, as commanders of engineer and volunteer troops, there were many others whose names would make a much longer Ust.
Such a glorious record is sufficient evidence that the Corps of Engineers furnished much more than its fair pro¬ portion of skiUful leaders and able soldiers, and that they weU uphold the reputation of the engineering profession. The fact that over 10 per cent of aU the officers fli the Corps of Engineers were killed in battle during the Civfl War is the best possible evidence that they knew how to fight.
And it is not alone in practical demonstration of the art and science of war that the engineers of the army have made so good a record. Their work in civil lines bearing upon social and economic conditions has been most important. There came into my possession to-day the manuscript of a most interesting chapter bearing upon this subject. I quote from it as follows:
" The Baltimore & Ohio was the earUest important rail¬ road enterprise undertaken in the United States. S. H. Long, WiUiam Howard, and Wflliam Gibbs McNefll, all officers of engineers, . . . were chosen as a board to select the proper route to the Ohio. Upon the rafls defi¬ nitely located by McNeiU, for the first tune in America, ran a steam locomotive. Before McNeiU resigned in 1S37 he had surveyed the summit division of the C. & 0. canal, and had acted as chief engineer of seven other raflroads from New England to Florida and Alabama. After he resigned, for the remaining sixteen years of Ifls life, he acted as clflef or consulting engineer upon many raflroads and other public enterprises in the Uiflted States and Cuba, completing the western raflroad of Massachusetts, planning and practi¬ caUy constructing the first large dry docks at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and acting as president of the Chesapeake & Ohio canal.