AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ 95
of iron, some cold-short, some red-short, and some neutral, the neutral being the most desirable; to obtain a good quaUty of it at a reasonable cost was the only way that I could tMnk of to get over the difficulty.
When I told the owners of the trouble and that we must have some good iron to help us out, for a time matters looked serious. They had been told, when they leased the property, that they could make pig iron for about six dollars per ton, and the kind of iron that I wanted for the flanges and heads of the rails had to be of a much superior quaUty, but after being told how small a quantity I thought would help us out, and that it was not possible to make rails with¬ out some better iron, they concluded to get it, hoping that later we could get along with a less quantity of the superior iron. In tMs view of the situation I gave them no encour¬ agement whatever, well knowing it would only be waste of time as well as of money to make any further attempts. Consequently, I let the miU stand until we got the better iron.
When the good iron arrived we had it puddled and started up the rafl miU to try the experimental pile. So far as the pile was concerned, it was a success and the form was never changed in the least. A sketch of the pile is shown in Figure 5 on page 96, and tMs method was used as long as the Cambria Works made iron rails. On some orders we used what was caUed second-bottom iron, as shown in Figure 6 on page 96. TMs second-bottom iron was rolled out of the crop ends of rails into bars one and one-half inches wide, and of the same tMckness as the puddled iron bars, generally about five-eighths of an inch. We had a pile that was eniinentiy satisfactory so far as making the rail was concerned, if rolled on edge. How weU the rail would wear was a very serious problem in my mind. Nothing short of an experiment would demonstrate the wearing