Beyond Steel

History of Lehigh County Pennsylvania and a genealogical and biographical record of its families, vol. 1

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[i]
[ii]History of Lehigh County Pennsylvania and a Genealogical and Biographical Record of its Families by Charles Rhoads Roberts, Rev. John Baer Stoudt, Rev. Thomas H. Krick, William J. Dietrich, in Two Volumes - Illustrated; Vol. I.
iii
ivResolutions by the Lehigh County Historical Society. ; Resolution by the Allentown Chamber of Commerce.
v
viForeword.
vii
viiiTable of Contents.
ix
xIndex of Illustrations
xi
[inserted map]
[1][Illustration]: Map of Lehigh County Pennsylvania 1914
2Chapter I.: Geology: Benjamin LeRoy Miller, Ph.D. Professor of Geology in Lehigh University ; Introduction
3Geological Time Scale. ; Physiography of Lehigh County.
4Relation of the Physiography to the Economic Development of Lehigh County.
5Descriptions of the Geological Formations of Lehigh County. ; Pre-Cambrian Rocks.
6Cambrian Rocks. ; Hardyston Quartzite.
7Leithsville Shaly Limestone. ; Allentown Limestone. ; Ordovician Rocks. ; Beekmantown Limestone. ; Jacksonburg Limestone.
8Nazareth Cement Limestones. ; Martinsburg Shales. ; Silurian Rocks. ; Shawangunk Conglomerate. ; Triassic Rocks.
9Brunswick Shale. ; Brunswick Conglomerate. ; Diabase or Trap Rock. ; Pleistocene Rocks. ; Glacial Drift.
10Recent Rocks. ; Recent Alluvium. ; Geological Structure of Lehigh County. ; Historical Geology. ; Geologic Events of Pre-Cambrian Time.
11Geologic Events of Cambrian Time. ; Geologic Events of Ordovician Time. ; Geologic Events of Silurian Time.
12Geological Events of Post-Silurian and Pre-Triassic Time. ; Geologic Events of Triassic Time. ; Geologic Events of Post-Triassic and Pre-Pleistocene Time. ; Geologic Events of Pleistocene Time.
13Geologic Events of Recent Time. ; Mineral Resources of Lehigh County. ; Building Stone, Crushed Stone, Etc. ; Lime. ; Cement. ; Slate.
14Clay and Kaolin. ; Sand and Gravel. ; Iron Ore. ; Zinc Ore.
15Copper Ore. ; Gold Ore. ; Pyrite Ore. ; Manganese Ore. ; Ocher. ; Graphite. ; Corundum. ; Mica. ; Molybdenite.
16Chapter II. Flora of Lehigh County - Harold W. Pretz
17
18
19Chapter III. The Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians - Alfred Franklin Berlin
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30[Illustration]: Indian Implements.
31
32
33
34
35[Illustration]: Fig. of Pipe
36[Illustration]: Butterfly Ceremonial. ; Pendants ; Gorget
37Bibliography. ; The Walking Purchase.
38
39
40
41
42Chapter IV. The German Pioneers in Pennsylvania - Rev. George Warren Richards, D.D. ; National Elements in America in the Eighteenth Century
43
44Early German Migrations to America
45
46
47The Character and Resources of the German Pioneers
48
49
50
51
52
53Their Achievements.
54
55Chapter V. First Settlement as Part of Bucks County
56
57
58
59
60
61Nationality of Settlers.
62[Illustration]: Passenger Ship of the Period of 1750
63
64Manners and Customs.
65
66
67
68
69
70First Road Laid Out in 1735.
71
72Upper Milford Township Organized. ; Saucon Township Organized.
73Macungie Township Organized.
74
75
76Chapter VI. The French and Indian War. 1754-1758
77
78Indian Massacres.
79
80
81[Illustration]: Zeisloff House in Lynn, Built Prior to 1755
967Auditors. ; Names of Assessors, Washington Township.
968Chapter XLVI. Weissenberg Township.
969
970
971
972[Illustration]: Barn on Henry Rupp Farm, Built in 1794.
973[Illustration]: Bleiler Homestead.
974
975
976
82
977
978[Illustration]: Ziegel Church, Struck by Lightning in 1887.
979
980
981[Illustration]: Ziegel Church, Struck by Lightning in 1907.
982
983
984[Illustration]: The Present Ziegel Church.
985
986[Illustration]: Homestead of Rev. Johann Heinrich Helfrich.
83Orders to Capts. Martin & Craig
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
84Benj. Franklin to Gov. 1756.
997
998
999
1000[Illustration]: [image with '1775 PW' under it]
1001Chapter XLVII. Whitehall Township.
1002
1003
1004
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85
[back of insert][Illustration]: Map of Whitehall Twsp. Showing First Land Grants Compiled from Records Furnished by the Late F.L. Newhard & Chas. R. Roberts by L.J.H. Grossart, C.E. Allentown, PA.
1005
1006
1007Industries.
1008
1009[Illustration]: The Trhomas Iron Company in 1859.
1010[Illustration]: Lehigh Car Wheel and Axle Works, Fullerton.
1011
1012[Illustration]: View of Large Spring. ; View of Portion of 180,000,000 Gallon Dam.
1013Towns.
[Illustration]: Winter Scene of 3,000,000 Gallon Reservoir.
86
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020[Illustration]: Hokendauqua High School Building.
1021[Illustration]: Pleasant Hill Schoolhouse, West Catasauqua.
1022Churches.
[Illustration]: Fullerton School Building.
1023
87Fort Everett.
1024[Illustration]: Stone Church at Egypt, Built 1785.
1025[Illustration]: Egypt Church.
1026
1027[Illustration]: Mickley's Church.
1028[Illustration]: Hokendauqua Presbyterian Church.
1029[Illustration]: Butz Schoolhouse.
1030
1031[Illustration]: School Building, Egypt.
1032
1033
88
1034Chapter XLVIII. ; Industries. ; Agriculture.
1035
1036
1037Soil.
1038Trexler Farms. ; Fritch Farms.
1039Eckert Farms. ; Cooper's Cattle Sales. ; Hardner Farms. ; Climate. ; Furnaces.
1040Iron and Steel Industries.
1041Allentown Rolling Mills.
1042Boiler Works.
1043American Steel and Wire Company.
89
1044
1045L.F. Grammes & Sons.
1046Bonney Vise and Tool Works.
1047Machine-Shops and Foundries.
1048[Illustration]: Bryden Horseshoe Works, Catasauqua.
1049Motor Trucks. ; Fire Engines. ; Garages.
1050[Illustration]: Dent Hardware Company, Fullerton, Pa.
1051Metal Cornice Works. ; Chandeliers. ; Carriag Making. ; Furniture Factories.
1052
1053[Illustration]: Kurtz Furniture Works, Fullerton.
90
1054Planing Mills.
1055Slate.
[Illustration]: Erich Establishment, St. Cloud, Near Liberty Street.
1056[Illustration]: Interior of G.F. Erich Company's Office.
1057
1058Silk Mills.
1059
1060
1061[Illustration]: Queen City Silk Mill.
1062[Illustration]: Walnutport Silk Co., Walnutport. ; Walnutport Silk Co., Walnutport. ; H.J. Feldhege Silk Co., Egypt, Pa. ; H.J. Feldhege Silk Co., Siegfried, Pa.
1063[Illustration]: McBride Bros. Silk Mill, Fullerton.
91[Illustration]: Schler House, Lynn Township.
1064
1065[Illustration]: Williamsport Works ; Dundee Lane Works ; Van Houten Street Works ; East Main Street Works ; East Fifth Street Works ; Wood Street Works ; Valley Works ; Allentown Works
1066Cement Mills.
1067
1068
1069[Illustration]: Views of Cement Mills in Lehigh County.
1070Boots and Shoes.
1071
1072Brick-Making.
[plate]Granite and Tile Works. ; Hotels.
92
[plate][Illustration]: Lafayette Hotel, Allentown.
1073[Illustration]: City Hotel, 26-30 North Seventh Street, Allentown.
1074
1075Brewing and Bottling.
1076[Illustration]: Establishment of Lewis D. Clauss.
1077Cigars.
[Illustration]: Keystone Barrel Works, Allentown.
1078[Illustration]: Allentown Flint Bottle Company.
1079Gas Works.
1080Electricity.
1081Department Stores.
93
1082
1083
1084Miscellaneous Industries.
[Illustration]: Schlafer Bakery, 806 South Sixth Street, Allentown.
1085
1086
1087
1088[Illustration]: H. Ray Haas & Company.
1089
1090[Illustration]: George L. Weisel Residence and Marble Works, Rittersville.
1091Chapter XLIX. Directory of Family Reunions.
94Station at Kern's Mill, Slatington.
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096Index
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
95[Illustration]: Draft of Indian Road and Kern Mill, now Slatington
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96
97
98
99
100
101Chapter VII. The Indian Massacre of 1763.
102
103
104
105
106
107[Illustration]: Map of the Settlements, &c. of Whitehall & Allen Townships.
108
109
110
111
112
113[Illustration]: Ford Deshler in 1860. ; Fort Deshler in 1910.
114
115Chapter VIII. The Revolutionary War.
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127The Address of the Deputies of the Committees of Pennsylvania, Assembled in Provincial Conference, at Philadelphia, June 25, 1776.
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129
130
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134
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137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146Continental Money.
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156The Sugar-Loaf Massacre.
157
158
159
160
161Peter Rhoads.
162
163David Deshler. ; Peter Burkhalter. ; Peter Kohler. ; Stephen Balliet
164Peter Trexler, Sr. ; George Breinig. ; Peter Trexler, Jr. ; George Graff. ; Henry Hagenbuch.
165Charles Deshler. ; Henry Geiger. ; John Wetzel. ; Frederick Limbach. ; Thomas Mewhorter. ; Philip Boehm. ; John Jennings.
166
167Chapter IX. ""The Fries Rebellion."" 1798-99.
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182The Marshal Makes Arrests in Northampton.
183
184Rescue of the Prisoners at Bethlehem.
185
186
187The President Issues his Proclamation.
188
189
190Troops Called Out to Suppress the Insurrection.
191
192
193
194Rev. Charles Henry Helmuth Issues an Address.
195
196
197
198The Examination of John Fries, April 6, 1799.
199The Army Marches from Quakertown to Allentown, and Returns to Philadelphia via Reding.
200Treason. ; Misdemeanor. ; Held as Witnesses.
201
202Trial of John Fries.
203
204
205
206
207Pardon of Fries.
208Petition of John Fries.
209Proclamation. By John Adams, President of the United States of America.
210Conclusion.
211
212
213Chapter X. Organization of Lehigh County in 1812.
214
215
216
217Court House and Jail.
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225Chapter XI. The Bench and the Bar. ; Colonial Justices.
226
227Judges.
228
229
230
231
232
233
234Associate Judges. ; Attorneys.
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247Important Trials.
248[Illustration]: [image of an ink horn]
249Chapter XII. Education in the County. ; Early Schools.
250English Schools. ; Schools Having Funds or Endowments.
251Prominent Old School Sites.
252Second Period - 1834.
253School Furniture. ; Early Teachers.
254Schools of Higher Grades.
255Education of the Poor Children.
256
257Teachers' Institutes. ; County Superintendents. ; C.W. Cooper.
258
259Tilghman Good. ; H.H. Schwartz. ; Jacob Ross. ; E.J. Young.
260J.O. Knauss. ; Higher Institutions of Learning. ; Allentown Academy.
261The Allentown Seminary.
262Rev. Christian Rudolph Kessler.
263The Allentown Collegiate Institute and Military Academy.
264Muhlenberg College.
265
266
267
268[Illustration]: Muhlenberg College, Allentown, PA.
269Allentown College for Women.
270
[plate][Illustration]: Allentown College for Women.
[back of plate][Illustration]: Administration Hall, College for Women, Allentown
271
272Rev. William Franklin Curtis, Litt.D.
273[Illustration]: Bishopthorpe Manor.
274Bishopthorpe Manor.
275Bethlehem Preparatory School.
[Illustration]: Bethlehem Preparatory School.
276Allentown Preparatory School. ; Allentown Business College.
277American Commercial School.
278Chapter XIII. Newspapers.
279
280
281
282
283
284[Illustration]: Jugendfreund
285Chapter XIV. The Medical Profession.
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296Veterinarians.
297Osteopathy. ; Dentistry.
298
299Chapter XV. War Periods. ; War of 1812-1814.
300
301
302
303Mexican War.
304
305
306
307Thirty-Seventh Congress of the United States.
308First Regiment.
309
310Ninth Regiment.
311Forty-Sixth Regiment.
312
31347th Regiment.
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326Col. T.H. Good.
327Ninety-Second Regiment (Ninth Calvary)
328One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment.
329
330One Hudred and Seventy-Sixth Regiment.
331
332
333
334
335Two Hundred and Second Regiment.
336Two Hundred and Ninth Regiment.
337
338Militia of 1862.
339
340Emergency Troops of 1863.
341Militia of 1863.
342Forty-First Regiment.
343Public Support of Civil War.
344Spanish-American War, 1898.
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359Chapter XVI. Charitable Institutions. ; County Home.
360St. Luke's Hospital, South Bethlehem.
361
362
363
364An Act
365
366Phoebe Deaconess and Old Folks' Home.
[Illustration]: Phoebe Deaconess and Old Folks' Home.
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[back of plate][Illustration]: The Good Shepherd Home, Allentown, Pa. [various pictures of buildings and people associated]
367
368The Good Shepherd Home for Crippled Orphans, Infant Orphans, Destitute Children, Old People, and Aged or Disabled Ministers. ; The Allentown Hospital.
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[back of plate][Illustration]: Allentown Hospital, 1898.
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[plate][Illustration]: Allentown Hospital, 1902.
369[Illustration]: Allentown Hospital, 1912.
370Improvements. ; Training School.
371Ladies' Auxiliary. ; Officers of the Association.
372Children's Home.
373
374Chapter XVII. Internal Improvements. ; Early Roads.
375Lehigh Canal.
376
377Turnpike Roads.
378
379
380
381Trolley Lines. ; County Bridges.
382
383
384Post Offices.
385
386Chapter XVIII. Census of the County.
387
388
[back of insert]Chapter XIX. Allentown from 1762 to 1811.
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[back of insert][Illustration]: Original Plan of Allentown, 1762.
389
390[Illustration]: The Rhoads House, Built in 1762.
391
392
393
394
395[Illustration]: Deshler's Mill, Built Prior to the Revolution.
396
397Allen Family.
398[Illustration]: Draft of a Tract of 3338 Acres More or Less, Granted by William Allen Esq. to his Son James Allen
399[Illustration]: Allen Family Coat of Arms.
400[Illustration]: Chief Justice William Allen, Founder of Allentown.
401
402[Illustration]: Signature of William Allen.
403
404
405[Illustration]: James Allen.
406
407
408[Illustration]: Anne Penn Allen. ; James Greenleaf.
409
410
411[Illustration]: Trout Hall, Built in 1770.
412
413
414
415
416
417
418Chapter XX. Allentown as a Borough, 1811-1867.
419
420[Illustration]: Allentown in 1830.
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428Bridges.
429Floods.
430[Illustration]: Eastern View of Allentown in 1845.
431
432
433
434Terrible Fire.
435
436
437[Illustration]: Allentown in 1853.
438
439[Illustration]: Schoolhouse at Front and Walnut Streets.
440
441
442
443[Illustration]: Southeast Corner Seventh and Hamilton Streets, 1862.
444
445
446
447
448Chapter XXI. Allentown as a City, 1867-1914.
449City Officials.
450
451[Illustration]: Central Fire and Police Station ; Mounted Police ; Post Office Building ; Court House ; Soldiers' Monument ; County Jail
452
453[Illustration]: View on North Seventh Street from Center Square, 1876.
454
455Fire Department
456[Illustration]: Fire Engine Houses
457
458
459
460Fire Organizations.
461[Illustration]: School Houses
462
463Officers and Members
464
465
466
467Banks
468
469
470Parks.
471[Illustration]: Views of Dorney Park and Central Park.
472Theatres. ; Bridges.
[Illustration]: Eighth Street Bridge.
473
474[Illustration]: The Big Rocks and Views Along the Lehigh and Little Lehigh Rivers.
475Associations. ; Lehigh County Agricultural Society. ; The First Fair.
476Selection of a Permanent Location. ; Re-organization and Incorporation.
477Enlarging the Area of the Old Fair Ground. ; The New Fair Grounds.
478Sale of the Old Fair Grounds.
479The First Exhibition on the New Grounds, Seventeenth and Chew Streets.
480Enlargement of the New Fair Grounds. ; The Semi-Centennial Celebration.
481Receipts.
482Membership and Official Record. ; Presidents. ; Recording Secretaries. ; Treasurers.
483Vice-Presidents. ; Petition for Charter. ; Building Associations.
484
485[Illustration]: Allentown Band.
486Secret Socities.
487
488
489
490
491[Illustration]: Fraternal Order of Eagles ; Livingston Club ; B.P.O. Elks ; Temperance Hall ; Lehigh Saengerbund ; Young Men's Hall
492Cemeteries.
493
494
495
496Chapter XXII. Churches. ; Reformed. ; Zion Reformed Church.
497[Illustration]: Second Church, Built 1773. Where Liberty Bell was Concealed.
498[Illustration]: [outline of a man's head]
499[Illustration]: Zion Reformed Church.
500St. John's Reformed Church.
501
502[Illustration]: St. John's Reformed Church.
503Salem Reformed Church.
504Christ Reformed Church.
505Trinity Memorial Reformed Church. ; Grace Reformed Church.
[Illustration]: Christ Reformed Church.
506[Illustration]: St. Andrew's Reformed Church.
507Dubs Memorial Reformed Church. ; St. Paul's Reformed Church. ; St. James' Reformed Church. ; St. Mark's Union Church.
508Lutheran. ; St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church.
509[Illustration]: Brick Church, Built 1856.
510[Illustration]: St. Paul's Ev. Lutheran Church.
511St. John's Lutheran Church.
[Illustration]: St. John's Lutheran Church.
512
513St. Peter's Lutheran Church. ; St. Michael's Lutheran Church.
[Illustration]: St. Peter's Lutheran Church.
514[Illustration]: St. Michael's Lutheran Church.
515St. Matthew's Lutheran Church. ; St. Stephen's Lutheran Church.
516St. Luke's Lutheran Church.
517St. Joseph's Lutheran Church.
[Illustration]: St. Luke's Lutheran Church.
518Grace Lutheran Church. ; Christ Lutheran Church.
519[Illustration]: St. Andrew's Reformed Church ; Bethany U.E. Church ; German Catholic Church ; Presbyterian Church ; Dubb's Memorial Reformed Church ; Christ Lutheran Church ; Zion Reformed Church
520Presbyterian.
521
522Methodist Episcopal.
523Protestant Episcopal.
[Illustration]: Calvary M.E. Church.
524Baptist.
525Evangelical Association. ; Upper Milford.
526Cedar Creek.
527Allentown.
[Illustration]: Bet-Huegel (Hall of Prayer.)
528[Illustration]: Grove House, on Lehigh Street, Allentown. Where First Indoor Services Were Held by Evangelical Association, in 1835.
529
530[Illustration]: Salem Church, 1401 Linden Street. ; Immanuel Church (First Ward) ; Ebenezer Church, on Turner Street. ; Zion Church, on Liberty Street
531Emaus.
532Catasauqua.
533United Evangelical Church.
534Allentown.
535[Illustration]: Trinity United Evangelical Church.
536
537[Illustration]: Bethany Church, on North Sixth Street. ; Seibert Church, Ninth and Liberty Streets. ; Grace Church, Fifteenth and Turner Streets. ; Zion's Church, South Allendown.
538Catasauqua.
539Egypt. ; Emaus. ; Slatington. ; Emerald.
540Hosensack. ; Cetronia. ; Vera Cruz.
541Rev. John Schell.
[Illustration]: Rev. John Schell.
542[Illustration]: Rev. Solomon Neitz. ; Rev. Jos. M. Saylor.
543[Illustration]: Rev. Moses Dessinger.
544Rev. Benjamin John Smoyer.
[Illustration]: Rev. B.J. Smoyer.
545[Illustration]: Rev. David Mertz. ; Entrance to Waldheim Park
546The United Evangelical Waldheim Association.
[Illustration]: Ebenezer Holiness Church.
547United Bretheren.
[Illustration]: Grace U.B. Church.
548Mennonite Brethren in Christ.
[Illustration]: Zion U.B. Church.
549
550Swedenborgian. ; Free Methodists.
551New Reformed. ; Gospel Chapel. ; African. ; Jewish.
552Catholic.
553[Illustration]: Immaculate Conception Church
554
555[Illustration]: Herz Jesu Kirche, Allentown, Pa.
556[Illustration]: St. John the Baptist Catholic Church.
557
558Chapter XXIII. Borough of Alburtis. ; Incorporation.
559Industries.
560
561
562Churches.
[Illustration]: Christ Chapel.
563
564[Illustration]: Memorial Presbyterian Church.
565Schools.
566Chapter XXIV. Borough of Catasauqua.
567
568[Illustration]: Catasauqua in 1852.
569
570
571
572[Illustration]: First Fire Engine.
573
574Industries.
575[Illustration]: Eagle Brewery.
576
577[Illustration]: Crane Iron Works.
578
579
580[Illustration]: Mauser and Cressman Mill.
581[Illustration]: Wahnetah Silk Mill.
582
583[Illustration]: Goldsmith & Son.
584
585[Illustration]: Dery Silk Mill.
586[Illustration]: View of West Catasauqua and Wahnetah Mill.
587
588[Illustration]: Pine Street Bridge.
589
590
591
592
593[Illustration]: Post Office.
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604[Illustration]: Taylor House Built 1768.
605
606Churches.
[Illustration]: First Church in Catasauqua.
607
608[Illustration]: First Presbyterian Church.
609
610[Illustration]: Grace M.E. Church.
611[Illustration]: St. Paul's Lutheran Church.
612[Illustration]: Interior View of St. Paul's.
613[Illustration]: Trinity Lutheran Church.
614
615
617
617
618
619[Illustration]: Soldiers' Monument.
620Schools.
621
622[Illustration]: Lincoln School Building.
623
624
625
626
627
628Illustration: [image of money]
629Illustration: National Bank of Catasauqua.
630Illustration: Lehigh National Bank.
631
632Chapter XXV. Borough of Coplay.; Illustration: Washington School Building, Built 1909.
633Illustration: Schreiber Homestead, Built 1799.
634Industries.
635Illustration: Coplay National Bank.
636Chapter XXVI. Borough of Coopersburg.
637
638
639
640Illustration: Residence of Dr. Martin H. Boye, Who is Standing at the Tree.
641Home of Dr. Martin H. Boye, the Scientist.
642Chapter XXVII. Borough of Emaus.
643
644Preliminary Conditions or Town Regulations.
645Illustration: Everett Home. Erected 1763.
646
647
648Illustration: Moravian Church Showing the Addition of 1766.
649
650Illustration: House Built by Jacob Ehrenhardt.
651Schools.
652
653Churches. ; Evangelican Association.; Illustration: St. John's Union Church.
654St. Mathew's United Evangelical Congregation. ; Mennonite Brethren in Christ Congregation. ; St. Margaret's Episcopal Church. ; Emaus Band.
655List of Burgesses.
656
657Chapter XXVIII. Borough of Fountain Hill.
658
659
660Chapter XXIX. Borough of Macungie. ; Name Changed.
661Streets. ; East Macungie. ; House Tax War, or Hot Water Rebellion.; Illustration: ""Grandy"" Miller.
662Churches.; Illustration: Wescoe Meeting House.
663Illustration: Grace Lutheran Church.
664Schools.
665Turnpike Road. ; Trolley Road. ; Water System. ; Town Hall.
666Electric Light Company. ; Millerstown Band.; Illustration: Singmaster Homestead.
667Benevolent Societies.
668Hotels. ; Industries.; Illustration: Sallade Home.
669The Macungie Furnace.; Illustration: Singmaster Tannery.
670Keystone Roller Mills.; Illustration: Keystone Roller Mills.
671Printing and Publishing. ; Valley Knitting Mill. ; Macungie Underwear Factory. ; Century Shoe Co., Limited.
672Macungie Silk Mill. ; Carriage Works. ; Machines and Inventions. ; Brass Works. ; Iron Foundry. ; Many Cigars Made Here.
673Paper Box Factory. ; Left Good Impressions.
674Chapter XXX. Borough of Slatington.; Illustration: Kern's Mill.
675
676Illustration: View of Lehigh Gap.
677
678Water-Works.
679Illustration: View of Lower Main Street.
680Fire Department.
681Illustration: [image of a statue]
682Illustration: Nationla [National] Bank of Slatington.
683
684
685Secret Socities.
686
687Illustration: Slate Quarry.
688
689
690
691
692
693Illustration: View Looking North on Main Street.
694
695Schools.; Illustration: Firemen Monument.
696
697Chapter XXXI. Borough of South Allentown.
698Illustration: Stuyvesant Silk Mill, South Allentown
699Chapter XXXII. Borough of Bethlehem (West Side), ; Early History. ; Ferry. ; Indian House. ; Revolutionary Burial Ground.
700Bridges. ; Canal. ; Old South Bethlehem. ; Railroads.
701Islands. ; Industries.
702Banks. ; Hotels.
703Churches. ; Moravian Chapel. ; Trinity Lutheran Church.
704Bethany Reformed Church. ; Olivet United Evangelical Church. ; Schools. ; Bethlehem Preparatory School.
705Corporate History. ; Fire Department. ; Consolidation.
706Chapter XXXIII. Hanover Township.
707Pioneer Settlers.
708
709Residents of 1812. ; Early Roads and Bridges.
710Industries.
711Villages.
712
713Religious Activities.; Illustration: Christ Union Church, Shoenersville.
714Illustration: The Original St. Peter's Union Church.
715Illustration: Beulah Park, Rittersville.
716Cemeteries. ; Schools.; Illustration: Cottage of T.L. Wieand, Beulah Park.
717
718Chapter XXXIV. Heidelberg Township.
719
720
721
722
723Illustration: Bernhard Neff House and Mill, Built 1767, Now Known as Leiby's Mill.
724
725
726
727
728
729
730Illustration: Fritzinger Home, Near the ""Bake Oven""
731
732
733
734
735
736Illustration: Handwerk Homestead, Built 1769.
737
738Illustration: View of Bear Rocks.
739Chapter XXXV. Lowhill Township.
740
741
742
743Industries of Lowhill Township. ; A Machine Shop. ; A Carriage Factory. ; Weavers. ; Distilleries.
744Villages of the Township.
745
746Churches.
747
748
749
750
751
752
753Chapter XXXVI. Lower Macungie Township. ; Mills.
754Illustration: Romig Homestead. Built in 1805.
755Private Graveyards.
756
757
758Villages.
759
760
761
762
763Illustration: Zion's Union Church.
764
765
766
767Chapter XXXVII. Upper Milford Township.
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779Illustration: [image of a stone with markings on it]
780
781
782
783
784
785Illustration: Homestead of John Shimer, Shimersville. Situated on the ""King's Highway.""
786
787
788
789
790Illustration: Zionsville Reformed Church - Old Zionsville, Pa.
791
792
793
794
795
796Chapter XXXVIII. Lower Milford Township.; Illustration: [image of a stone with markings on it]
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806Illustration: Great Swamp Reformed Church.
807
808
809
810
811Chapter XXXIX. Lynn Township.
812
813
814Illustration: Kistler Homestead in Kistler Valley, Built in the Revolutionary Period.
815Historic Houses.; Illustration: Heinrich Fink Homestead.
816Illustration: Ancestral Home of the Straub Family of Lynn.
817Knights of the Golden Circle. ; Indian Reminiscences.
818Early Mills. ; Grist Mills.
819
820Industries.
821County Bridges.
822Public Roads.
823Villages.; Illustration: First Public House at New Tripoli, Built 1771.
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831Illustration: Ebenezer Church, at New Tripoli.
832
833
834
835
836
837
838Schools.
839
840
841
842Chapter XL. North Whitehall Township.
843Illustration: House Built by Paul Gross.
844
845Illustration: Remeli Springhouse, Built 1784.
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857Illustration: Hollenbach's Mill and Site of Old Wotring Mill at Sand Spring.
858Illustration: Kern Mill, Built 1806.
859
860Illustration: House on A.J. Koch Farm, Built by Daniel Gross.
861
862Illustration: Sieger Homestead, at Siegersville.
863
864
865
866
867
868Chapter XLI. Salisbury Township. ; Jerusalem Union Church of Western Salisbury.; Illustration: Rev. Daniel Zellers.
869Illustration: Church in 1819 (From an Old Sampler).
870Illustration: Jerusalem Church, Western Salisbury.
871List of Pastors. ; Lutheran. ; New Jerusalem Union Church, Eastern Salisbury.; Illustration: Congregational Vessels and Schlatter Bible.
872
873""Alpha Omega.""
874Illustration: New Jerusalem Church, Eastern Salisbury.
875List of Pastors Since 1857. ; Reformed. ; Lutheran. ; Early Settlers.
876Salisbury Township.
877
878
879Early Roads.; Illustration: Nonnemacher Homestead Near Big Rock, Salisbury Township.
880Old Taverns. ; Schools.
881The South Mountain.; Illustration: Plan of Waldheim Park.
882Waldheim Park. ; Mountainville.
883Chapter XLII. Soutch Whitehall Township.
884
885
886Illustration: Jordan Reformed Church, Built 1808.
887
888
889
890
891Illustration: Leibelsperger Homestead on Henry Leh Farm.
892
893Illustration: Home of Lorentz Guth, Built 1745.
894
895Illustration: House Built by Daniel Troxell, 1800.
896
897
898Illustration: Henry Guth Homestead, Built 1835.
899
900Illustration: Sieger Homestead, Hoffmansville.
901
902
903Illustration: Oldest House in Lehigh County, Built by Petet Troxell, in 1744.
904Illustration: Troxell Barn, Built 1806.
905Chapter XLIII. Upper Macungie Township. ; Erection.
906
907
908
909
910
911Early Mills.
912Industries.
913
914
915Villages.
916Churches.
917
918
919Family Graveyards.
920Schools.
921
922Officials. ; Justices of the Peace.
[back of insert]Chapter XLIV. Upper Saucon Township. ; History of Original Titles.
[insert]
[back of insert]Illustration: Diagram showing location of Original Settlers of Upper Saucon Township.
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930Illustration: [map of Upper Saucon Township and surrounding areas]
931
932
933Illustration: St. Paul's (Blue) Church.
934
935
936
937
938
939Illustration: Present Appearance of David Owen's Hotel, Opened in 1748/
940Illustration: Fridensville Zinc Mines.
941Early Families.
942
943Illustration: Frank B. Heller.
944Reinhard Family.
945
946Cooper Family. ; Blank Family.
947Egner Family. ; Berkenstock Family.
948Geissinger Family. ; Samuels Family. ; Brinker Family.
949
950Chapter XLV. Washington Township. ; Organization.
951Land Warrants. ; Mills. ; Public Roads.
952Illustration: Frederick Kern Homestead, at Emerald, Built in 1786.
953Railroads and Trolley. ; Telephone and Electric Light Companies. ; Old Store and hotel.
954Villages.; Illustration: House Along Slatington Trolley, West of Hoffman's, Built in 1797.
955Illustration: Oldest House in Slatedale, Built About 1820.
956Illustration: Homestead Above Slatedale, Built in 1790. It Had Been in Possession of Henry Fenstermacher and Family for Many Years, and Earlier by the Henritzy Family.
957Lehigh Furnace.
958Illustration: House Owned and Occupied by John F. Peters, Built 1799.
959Religious History.
960Illustration: Devil's Pulpit, on Blue Mountain.
961Private Graveyards. ; Schools.
962
963The Slate Interests.
964
965
966Election Districts. ; Justices of the Peace. ; Constables.
 

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