I40 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ
miU, containing eight double puddUng furnaces and six heat¬ ing furnaces (later, increased to fourteen double puddling furnaces and nine heating furnaces); we also commenced to bufld a stone bmlding to cover them. We worked at this until winter set in, but, owing to the excitement uicident to the threatened Civil War, we ceased work for the winter. When spring came we commenced work again, and during the summer of 1861 we erected the miU building out of stone.
In the faU we had one of the greatest rises known in the Leliigh River; it destroyed all of the part of the building that had been bmlt on the encroacliment on the river, amounting in length to about eighty feet. During the time the miU was being built we erected one of the blast furnaces, but in the faU and winter of 1861-62 the general outlook was so discouraging that the work on the whole plant was again suspended for the winter. In the spring of 1862 work was commenced again, and during the summer the bmlding, including that portion of it which had been washed down by the flood, was completed; most of the foundations were in and we had much of the machinery ready to be set up in place. The machinery of the rafl train consisted of three stands of roUs — two sets for rails, and one set for top and bottoms — driven by one engine coimected directly to the train. There was also in connection with the finishing end of the miU one train of rolls twelve inches in diameter, with four stands of rolls, for rolUng Ught rails and such Ught merchant iron as was wanted for use about the works. There were seven heating furnaces in the finishing end.
In the puddUng department there was one puddle train with two sets of rolls and a rotary squeezer, driven off the end of the rolls. The roUs were driven direct from the engine. The puddUng department, as stated above, contained eight double puddUng furnaces, with shears and hot beds, and