AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF JOHN FRITZ 163
makers were, in a general way, fearful of the sulphur, but we had learned that for rafls and some other purposes the sulphur was practically quite harmless, and that we could use the CornwaU ore to great advantage up to one-half of the mixture. The other Bessemer people soon learned that the Bethlehem Company was using Cornwall ore largely and doing good work, consequently they got to using it and found it so valuable that some of them invested largely in the CornwaU ore property. Tb's was much to our detri¬ ment, as it was about all that we could do to get the proper material to make the special high-grade steel that we had a large demand for, which was being used largely in place of open-hearth acid steel; in fact, it was the best steel that at that time was being made, and for many purposes was preferred to crucible steel.
The condition of affairs as to the quality of steel we were making was to me sickening, as it had at aU times been the pride of my profession to do good work in whatever line it might lie. But here I found myself in such a position that, so far as rails were concerned, they were but Uttle, if any, better than the greater part of the rails that were being made, and were, to my mind, very unsatisfactory. At that time we had a contract for high-carbon rafls, which caUed for the maximum phosphorus to be below six one- hundredths, and it was with great difficulty that the phos- phoms could be kept low enough. I went to the President of the company. He said the rails were as good as any others that were being made. I told lum that the rails were being made under a contract, and that if they did not come up to the specifications in every way the inspector would not accept them. I said we must have some Corn¬ wall iron, or some other that was equaUy low in phosphorus. At the same time I told him if we could not get a good iron for making rafls, I would have nothing to do with the rail miU,