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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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reigned in his stead.   Quite away out of the track of the world is
the place, no town or hamlet for a score of miles, Kentucky wild wood,
mountain and brake engirdling you.   Southern folk crowd the place
during the sultry summer months, but we re in the tail of the season,
and but a handful of visitors here.     The long porticos were all uncrowded,
the sunlight basked on the luxuriant lawn and fine trees, and a
little knot of idlers had collected at the portal.     Two or three negroes
guides, or waiters, a wooly-headed, black-velvetty skinned boy with his
large white eyes, and four or five dogs, little and big, were waiting
the advent of any chance visitors.       In an arm chair, with its back
tilted against the wall, sat  a good-looking young Southerner, idly
cracking his whip, or critiscising the horsemanship of an Irish re-
tainer of the establishment, who was attempting to leap a horse
over a fence, in the field in front.              Inscribing our names on the
hotel books, we borrowed from a colored waiter, (yclept St Clair,) flannel
jackets, of a yellow hue & caps, and were put under charge of Stephen,
for the descent in the Cave.     Now this same guide is a notable fellow
in his way, and has identified himself with the place to such an extent
that folk inquire for him in special, esteeming themselves happy in securing
his services.   He s a picturesque varlet, a bright yellow-ish tinged, warm
complexioned mulatto with jetty black curling hair under his
low crowned, wide brimmed hat; bright eyes and sharp knowing glance.
He sports a moustache, smokes eternally, and is altogether the sort of
fellow Gavarin would like to sketch and Dumas to describe. 
Of his other peculiarities more anon.     He, with his fellows were born
thralls to Dr Croghan, are freed now, by his will, and in two
years or so will have earned money to transport them to Liberia.
Steven Bishop, (that s his whole name,) has been about the cave
fifteen years, assisting to make most of the discoveries.    /      Off we
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Six: page one hundred and thirty
Description:Describes a free mulatto guide for Mammoth Cave named Stephen Bishop.
Subject:African Americans; Bishop, Stephen; Croghan, Dr.; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Kellam, Oliver; Mammoth Cave (Ky.); Slavery; Slaves; St. Clair; Travel
Coverage (City/State):Kentucky
Scan Date:2011-02-02


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Six
Description:Includes descriptions of Gunn's writing and drawing work in New York, a visit to the Catskill Mountains, attending the wedding of his friend Charles Damoreau (Brown), a visit to the Crystal Palace in New York, his friend Lotty's difficult marriage to John Whytal, a sailing trip around Lake Superior, a visit to Mackinac Island in Michigan, a visit to Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, and a journey by horseback from Kentucky to Louisiana with friends.
Subject:African Americans; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Marriage; Native Americans; Publishers and publishing; Slavery; Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Michigan; Wisconsin; Ohio; Kentucky; Mississippi; Alabama; Louisiana
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2011 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.