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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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go in two years time.  He is now earning the money for it. His former owner
was his father.   The constant newspaper glorification of Stephen together
with the Latin scraps he s picked up have made him a Cave lion, and
therefore the other three good fellows are snubbed into comparative insignifi-
cance, all visitors being eager for Stephen s guidance; whereas the others
troglodyze just as well, sans the display of vanities and self will and
harmless braggadocio.     Mat, says Mr Miller, is the only one whose word
he can thoroughly depend on. /    Round a blazing wood fire,
Mr M; the good-looking young Southerner, hight Oliver Kellam, and
I sate sociably smoking far into the night.    Nought worse than a
sprained ancle has occurred in cave periginations.  Folk have been lost for
varying times, one for a drearily-passed forty-eight hours, but discovery has
always ended the horror of it.      Once, owing to some fools conduct on the part
of a girl a boat was sunken on Echo River.     The party, a wedding one
from Bowlingreen, (a little town hereabouts,) were wetted by three feet of
water, their lights extinguished, themselves horribly scared, but presently
landed on a rock platform by the exertions of guide Nicholas.    And then he
contrived to rouse the boat, bale it out and get the party back, though in the dark-
ness, to be rescued by Stephen, sent in by Mr Miller, who found that
Green River was rising, and was anxious about the safety of the visitors.
There s in reality little chance of danger in the Cave, excepting from an overcrowded
boat and folly on the part of its occupants.  Were one to sink in the 
deeper parts of Echo River, inevitable, unspeakably horrible death would result
to all; the bravest swimmer might strike out in that ice-cold water and
Cimmerian blackness, clutching at slimy rocks offering no grip or landing
place, and all in vain.    The streams wind and turn that even a guide would
have but little chance.     And these Rivers might rise, as during Winter
and Spring they do, barring access to the miles of cavern on the other side;
but Green River being carefully watched, any persons there exploring might be
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Six: page one hundred and forty-four
Description:Regarding the slave guides at Mammoth Cave, and a tale of a wedding party whose boat capsized in the cave.
Subject:African Americans; Bishop, Stephen; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Kellam, Oliver; Mammoth Cave (Ky.); Mat; Miller (Kentucky); Nicholas; Slavery; Slaves; Travel
Coverage (City/State):[Kentucky]
Scan Date:2011-02-02


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Six
Description:Includes descriptions of Gunn's writing and drawing work in New York, a visit to the Catskill Mountains, attending the wedding of his friend Charles Damoreau (Brown), a visit to the Crystal Palace in New York, his friend Lotty's difficult marriage to John Whytal, a sailing trip around Lake Superior, a visit to Mackinac Island in Michigan, a visit to Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, and a journey by horseback from Kentucky to Louisiana with friends.
Subject:African Americans; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Marriage; Native Americans; Publishers and publishing; Slavery; Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Michigan; Wisconsin; Ohio; Kentucky; Mississippi; Alabama; Louisiana
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2011 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.