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	A Northern Secessionist Frightened.
me into the City Hall to see the statue of
Calhoun, whom I scared him audibly by the
expression of an opinion that if Jackson had
hung him, as he once intended, this business
of Secession might never have grown to such
a bulk.      For God s sake don t talk like
that, here!  quoth the World s special corres-
pondent.   Parting, I went to my room and
scratched off the following hasty note to
the Post:

[newspaper clipping: first column]
Major Anderson s Evacuation of Fort Moultrie How
  the Guns were Rendered Useless The Carolinians
  Intending to Undo the Major s Labors Prospects.
  CHARLESTON, S. C., December 27, 1860 11 A. M.
  The telegraph will have anticipated, by two days,
the skeleton facts of which I write.  I may clothe
them with detail and circumstance.
  All Charleston is frantic the leading secession-
ists tearing their hair, and Major Anderson the hero
of the occasion.  Last night he effected a secret
evacuation of Fort Moultrie, having previously
spiked the guns, tarried them inside and out and set
the gun-carriages on fire.  They are iron barbette
cannon, forty in number.  The effect of the tarring
and combustion is to render them utterly useless.
The fire destroys their  horizontalness,  if I may
be allowed the expression.  There are wild rumors
afloat to the effect of their being charged to the
muzzle with gunpowder; that at any attempt to pre-
serve them by the townspeople, they may explode
and kill all who approach.
  All the ammunition, appurtenances, &c., which
could be removed are with Major Anderson, and up-

[newspaper clipping: second column]
wards of four hundred men in Fort Sumter, whose
guns command the harbor and city.  The long
Columbiads are pointed towards the abandoned
Fort Moultrie; hence it could not be held, even for
an hour, by the Charlestonians.  They talk of the
ground being mined, and, at this hour of writing,
are shy of visiting Sullivan s Island.
  Everybody is surprised and exasperated.  Major
Anderson has done his duty nobly.  He is
master of the strongest fort in the harbor, a low-
lying one, islanded by water, which, in considera-
tion of all that can be brought against it by Charles-
tonians, is a Redan a Malakoff.  They talk of
starving him out, but it is distrusted that he has not
allowed the past two months to elapse without pro-
viding amply for the present emergency.
  The works recently in progress within Fort Moul-
trie are supposed to have been a blind.  The labor-
ers employed have been pressed into United States
service, and nobody doubts their pluck and loyalty.
  I heard Keitt blaspheming in a most energetic
manner only an hour ago, on the steps of the Mills
House.  I may write again by to-night s mail.

[Gunn s diary continued]
The above comprises what was believed in
Charleston on that day, what Ripley told me.
Its errors appeared subsequently to be these,
the guns were not rendered permanently useless,
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fourteen: page one hundred and eighty-eight
Description:Includes Gunn's newspaper account of the evacuation of Fort Moultrie by Major Anderson.
Subject:Anderson, Robert; Calhoun, John C.; Fort Moultrie (S.C.); Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.); Gunn, Thomas Butler; Jackson, Andrew; Journalism; Keitt, Lawrence M.; Military; New York evening post.; New York world.; Secession; Wood, Frank
Coverage (City/State):Charleston, South Carolina
Scan Date:2010-04-30


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fourteen
Description:Includes descriptions of attending a lecture by J.H. Siddons on Queen Victoria; seeing tightrope walker Charles Blondin perform; boarding house living; his freelance writing and drawing work; visits to the Edwards family and his friendship with Sally Edwards; a visit of the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII of Great Britain, to New York; his work as a reporter for ''The New York World;'' a visit to a dog fighting establishment; an evening spent at the 4th Ward police station awaiting 1860 election returns; and Gunn's experience as a correspondent for ""The New York Evening Post"" in Charleston, South Carolina, in the aftermath of South Carolina's secession from the federal government.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Civil War; Elections; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; Police; Publishers and publishing; Secession; Slavery; Slaves; Travel
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Charleston, South Carolina
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.