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		A Street Affray.

[newspaper clipping continued: first column]
vestige of them remaining.  In point of fact
Charleston harbor cannot be blockaded; a swift
westerly wind will remove any obstructions.  The
Emily St. Pierre, drawing sixteen feet of water
came in with perfect impunity.  Suppose, now, a
vessel with a commander determined to avail him-
self of this fact, by night, steering directly up to
the walls of Fort Sumter, or disembarking troops
by means of boats?  There is a light always burn-
ing nocturnally on the fortress, which we, South
Carolinians, are at present unable to extinguish.
	             COTTON SHIPMENTS.
  You will be surprised to learn that a good deal
of cotton has been sent off from our wharves dur-
ing the past week, cleared, provisionally, in Eng-
lish vessels.  Georgia, however, shrewd, solid, long-
headed Georgia, is garnering the principal business
advantages of secession.  In a letter recently re-
ceived by me from a friend at Savannah, he states
that that harbor never presented such a lively
spectacle, that secession constitutes only the second
topic in men s minds, everybody being intent on
getting rich as fast as possible.

[newspaper clipping continued: second column]
	             THE NEW FLAG.
  We have reconsidered the arrangement of our
street flag and its colors, and decided finally upon
them.  It is to consist of a deep blue field with a
white, palmetto tree in the middle and a crescent
moon, the horns upwards, in the top angle, near
the flag-staff a design at once tasty and conspicu-
ous.  Such a flag now floats over the arsenal.  In
the discarded one, which I have described in a for-
mer letter, the golden palmetto on a white oval was
found to be almost invisible.
	                   FREE TRADE.
  Secretary Memminger s letter, in yesterday s Mer-
cury, is an exemplification of the inevitable aban-
donment of the ideas of free trade, of which we
heard so much as a primary inducement to seces-
sion.  He proposes an ad valorem duty on cotton of
10 per cent.,  if that be not too high.   His letter
is extensively discussed among the merchants here.
It contains also an incitement to immediate attack
upon Fort Sumter, confirmatory of much that I
have advanced in this letter.

[Gunn s diary continued]
each other with pistols, one being badly hit in the
leg, the other pretending injury and the pavement
puddled with blood.             Back to supper, anon
a walk down town where I introduced Ramsay
to the Courier sanctum, in which we found Car-
lyle, young Mitchel and a third person.        Vit-
roil junior spake despitefully of his non-appoint-
ment by Governor Pickens, to his staff, but was
going to set off for Virginia on the morrow on
a special mission. (?)    Carlyle and the other
person presently went out, Mitchel following,
leaving us, two correspondents of  Black Republi-
  x The information included in this paragraph I
got from Bunch, the Consul, in my yesterday s call.
It was kept out of the Charleston papers, of course.
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen: page one hundred and thirty-nine
Description:Includes a newspaper clipping written by Gunn for the ''Evening Post'' concerning pre-war events and attitudes in Charleston.
Subject:Bunch, Robert; Business; Carlyle; Charleston mercury.; Civil War; Flags; Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.); Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Memminger, C.G.; Mitchel, John, Jr.; New York evening post.; Pickens, F.W.; Ramsay, Russell (Buckstone); Secession
Coverage (City/State):Charleston, South Carolina; Savannah, Georgia; Virginia
Scan Date:2010-05-20


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen
Description:Describes Gunn's experience as a correspondent for ""The New York Evening Post"" in Charleston, South Carolina, in the aftermath of South Carolina's secession from the federal government, including a conflict between A.H. Colt and Mr. Woodward, a visit to Sullivan's Island, John Mitchel's tale of assisting with the lynching of an abolitionist, attending a celebration in honor of Benjamin Mordecai, Will Waud's arrival in Charleston, the scene in Charleston the day the ''Star of the West'' was fired upon by the Morris Island battery, pistol and rifle practice with various Charlestonians, a rumor in New York about his having been tarred and feathered in Charleston, a visit to the quarters of the ''Richland Rifles,'' witnessing a slave auction, and a visit to Colonel Bull's home.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Books and reading; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; Publishers and publishing; Secession; Slavery; Slaves; Travel
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Charleston, South Carolina
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.