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					143
	       Correspondence.
as to what had occurred.     As requested, I had
made excuses for his non-appearance at dinner.
By the way Dr Irving talked old school over
it and told stories about George Frederick Cooke
and Kean and other theatrical celebrities.
  10.  Sunday.  Another visit to the floating-
battery, meeting Marchant and a German
of my acquaintance on my return.       Then wri-
ting a letter to the Post;   this:

[newspaper clipping: first column]
	         SOUTH CAROLINA.
		              
                 {From an Occasional Correspondent.}
Martial Law Established Bad Behavior of the
  South Carolina Troops Fort Sumter Charleston
  Commerce The New Confederacy The Defences
  of Charleston Major Anderson s Condition.
		CHARLESTON, February 10, 1861.
  Yesterday s papers contained a proclamation from
the Governor, establishing martial law (duly accent-
ed in capitals), in and over Sullivan s Island  and
the waters and marshes adjacent,  the provisions
of which you have doubtless reprinted.  Such a
measure had been confidently expected during the
past week, and was indeed highly necessary for sun-
dry reasons, some of which I am enabled to men-
tion.
  In the first place, some of the troops have been
behaving badly.  Consisting almost entirely of
young men unaccustomed to any control but that of
their own will, obtaining no pay from the state, an-
imated only by their devotion to it, detestation of
all  Yankees,  and an inherent proclivity towards
fighting, they do not submit even to lax military
discipline with a good grace, regarding themselves
as entitled to all the privileges of volunteers 
among them, unlimited whiskey, which, up to the
date of the Governor s proclamation, was supplied
to them by their friends and relatives.  These too
they invited and entertained, until the island or at
least the camp was overrun with them, them-
selves, in their turn, visiting the city a good deal
too often, and with equally mischievous effect.
There were, also, jealousies, rivalries and grudges
among the different corps.
  All of these things have borne their natural fruit

[newspaper clipping: second column]
 drunkenness and occasional riot.  On one of the
days in the earlier half of the past week some mem-
bers of a Columbia company (I believe the Wash-
ington Guards, or some such title) broke into a
house and grossly assaulted a woman there resi-
dent, subsequently resisting with their muskets the
guard sent to arrest them.  After a severe  free
fight  the offenders were locked up, and will
probably be punished or sent home.  Hence, pri-
marily, the Governor s proclamation.  Of course
not a word of this has appeared in the newspapers.
  A minor reason may have consisted in an in-
creased desire for secrecy as to the military pre-
parations on the island a distrust of spies sent
hither by the federal government.  It is asserted
that such have been discovered and privately sent
out of the city.  The case of one man, dismissed on
the charge of being a correspondent of northern
journals, was two days ago paragraphed in the
Mercury and Courier, his detection and arrest being
due to a notable detective here, one officer Schuboo,
who enjoys a great reputation for similar feats.
They are generally effected so quietly that their
mention in the newspapers is quite exceptional.
	          FORT SUMTER.
  Yesterday, on its return from the race-course,
Charleston found two subjects for its evening s dis-
cussion one the arrival of Colonel Hayne and
Lieutenant Hall from Washington; the other the
establishment of a provisional government for the
seceded states by the Alabama Convention, and its
nomination of a President and Vice-President.  I
have a little to say on both topics.
  The result of the first was, as I have heretofore
remarked, expected, though it certainly has in-
creased the indignation at the continued retention
Page
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen: page one hundred and fifty-three
Description:Includes a newspaper clipping written by Gunn for the ''Evening Post'' concerning pre-war events and attitudes in Charleston.
Date:1861-02-09
Subject:Anderson, Robert; Cooke, George Frederick; Drunkenness; Firearms; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Hall, Lieutenant; Hayne, Colonel; Irving, Dr.; Journalism; Kean, Charles; Marchant; Martial law; Military; New York evening post.; Pickens, F.W.; Ramsay, Russell (Buckstone); Schouboe; Secession; Sullivan Island (S.C.)
Coverage (City/State):Charleston, South Carolina; Washington, [District of Columbia]
Scan Date:2010-05-20

 

Volume
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen
Description:Describes Gunn's experience as a correspondent for ""The New York Evening Post"" in Charleston, South Carolina, in the aftermath of South Carolina's secession from the federal government, including a conflict between A.H. Colt and Mr. Woodward, a visit to Sullivan's Island, John Mitchel's tale of assisting with the lynching of an abolitionist, attending a celebration in honor of Benjamin Mordecai, Will Waud's arrival in Charleston, the scene in Charleston the day the ''Star of the West'' was fired upon by the Morris Island battery, pistol and rifle practice with various Charlestonians, a rumor in New York about his having been tarred and feathered in Charleston, a visit to the quarters of the ''Richland Rifles,'' witnessing a slave auction, and a visit to Colonel Bull's home.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Books and reading; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; Publishers and publishing; Secession; Slavery; Slaves; Travel
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Charleston, South Carolina
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.