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					171
	I See Abraham Lincoln.

[newspaper clipping continued: first column]
stand how much is implied in that conviction.  Her
being in the worst position of the six seceded
states, binds them over to identification with her.
She has gained nothing but the disruption of the
United States and the impossibility of their imme-
diate reconstruction.
  The present lull must terminate in the giving up
of Fort Sumter to South Carolina, (which I, for one,
do not expect,) or an attack upon it directly the
contrary of the first proposition is considered irre-
vocable, and the floating-battery is completed.
The latter ought to be finished in less than two
weeks.
     MAJOR ANDERSON AND HIS COMMAND.
  In the meantime, how is it with brave Major An-
derson and his devoted little band?  Accident has
enabled me to inform you.  Every word that I 
write is, as near as I can recollect, from the lips of
a recent eye-witness.
  The garrison, mostly Irishmen, have been work-
ing night and day completing the fortifications, at
the period of their occupation in such an imperfect
state that they could not have resisted an attack,
had one been made by the Charlestonians.  The
main doorway is built up so that to men cannot
walk abreast through it; one armed with a re-

[newspaper clipping: second column]
volver or bowie might defend it against a hun-
dred assailants, supposing he were not shot
himself.  Just within, opposite the door, is a 
huge mortar.  The stones on the wharf have
been removed to strengthen the weak side of the
fort.  There are piles of grape and canister placed
beside them.  The Major looks harassed and wan,
but perfectly resolute; he can talk of nothing but
the fort and his position; he admits that he dreams
of it by night when he sleeps.  He deplores the 
responsibility forced upon him, admits that his
sympathies are with the South, but declares that,
first of all, he is a United States officer.  He objects
to his endorsement by abolition journals, declares
that they publish forged letters attributed to him-
self and his officers.  His men are all faithful and
resolute, in perfect military discipline; they never
grumbled or mutinied all stories to that effect be-
ing unmitigated lies.  They look haggard and worn,
and preserve a strict silence when questioned.  They
do not now expect to be reinforced.  Major Ander-
son still hopes the business may be settled without
bloodshed.  But he will defend himself to the last,
if attacked.  Such, three nights ago, was the inter-
nal aspect of Fort Sumter.

[Gunn s diary continued]
don t know which party would have the nastiest
bargain.
  19.  Tuesday.  To the  Evening Post  office,
saw Godwin, Maverick, Hills and others.  No
settlement of account yet, as Bigelow must be
consulted.     To F. Leslie s  got my M.S.S. about
the  Richland Rifles  returned.   (I learnt after-
wards from Frank Wood that it had been set
up, but was crowded out.)       Met Rees.   Up-
town to dinner.     In the afternoon found Broad
way thronged with people awaiting the arrival
of President Lincoln, who presently passed, in
an open carriage.   A tall, lank man, with
Page
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen: page one hundred and eighty-two
Description:Mentions seeing Abraham Lincoln pass in a carriage.
Date:1861-02-18
Subject:Anderson, Robert; Bigelow, John; Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.); Frank Leslie's illustrated news.; Godwin, Park; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Hills, A.C.; Journalism; Lincoln, Abraham; Maverick, Augustus; New York evening post.; Reese; Wood, Frank
Coverage (City/State):[New York, New York]; Charleston, South Carolina
Scan Date:2010-05-20

 

Volume
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Fifteen
Description:Describes Gunn's experience as a correspondent for ""The New York Evening Post"" in Charleston, South Carolina, in the aftermath of South Carolina's secession from the federal government, including a conflict between A.H. Colt and Mr. Woodward, a visit to Sullivan's Island, John Mitchel's tale of assisting with the lynching of an abolitionist, attending a celebration in honor of Benjamin Mordecai, Will Waud's arrival in Charleston, the scene in Charleston the day the ''Star of the West'' was fired upon by the Morris Island battery, pistol and rifle practice with various Charlestonians, a rumor in New York about his having been tarred and feathered in Charleston, a visit to the quarters of the ''Richland Rifles,'' witnessing a slave auction, and a visit to Colonel Bull's home.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Books and reading; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; Publishers and publishing; Secession; Slavery; Slaves; Travel
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Charleston, South Carolina
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.