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	The Civil War begun.
Harbor in an attack upon Fort Sumter; how
the big guns were blazing away at Anderson and
he and his garrison responding to them.     It was
a dull, rainy night as, I walked homewards,
and at an little oyster-saloon at which I stop-
ped for a stew, the man roused himself from his
half-asleep condition to offer me the extra and
talk about the news, which will be history some-
day.     I wish I were there to see, after all;
the  Post  did an economically foolish thing in re-
calling me.             / Here s news of an acquaintance:

[newspaper clipping]
   The Mobile Advertiser gives the following as a
correct version of the duel at Fort McCrea, Florida,
between St. Clair Morgan, the young South Caro-
linian, and Mr. Storrs, the young Alabamian, late a
midshipman, U. S. N.:
  It seems that on the night of the duel the young men
with a number of comrades were off in a beat on a re-
connoitering party, near Fort Pickens.  Morgan, full
of reckless daring, proposed that they should land just
under the walls of Pickens to make what discoveries 
they could; but Storrs objected, saying that it would
expose them to almost certain capture, and the majori-
ty of the party sided with him.  But Morgan hot-tem-
pered and impatient, reproached Storrs with timidity.
A few words passed between them, and the boat put
back to the mainland.  When they had disembarked,
Storrs said to Morgan that he had intimated a doubt of
his courage, and as they had rifles, and the moon was
shining brightly, he could prove it.  Morgan responded
to this proposition with alacrity.  Twenty steps were
paced off, and at the first fire Morgan fell dangerously
wounded, the heavy ball of the Sharp s rifle having
entered his right groin and ranged through and out of
the back part of the thigh.
  With reference to this case, a Charleston letter says:
  The account gives as the cause only a pretended 
one.  The real cause of it was as to the possession of a
bright mulatto girl.  This I know from the best au-
thority.  To avoid disgrace, however, the cause was
alleged.  It is astonishing how the infernal nigger
seems to be the cause and groundwork of all their
troubles and quarrels, social, religious, and national.
Why don t they ship the nigger to Africa?  Echo
answers.  Why?
  Morgan was the man who fired at the Star of the

[newspaper clipping]
   A paragraph about the duel at Pensacola between
St. Clair Morgan and a young man of Alabama ap-
peared in THE TRIBUNE yesterday.  Morgan was
there spoken of as a native of South Carolina, but
he was a Tennessean, an ex-volunteer in the service
of the Palmetto State, and one never regarded as any
credit to it.  He left Charleston in January in conse-
quence of a fight with a New-Yorker, Capt. Amos
Colt, agent for the sale of Col. Colt s arms; the quar-
rel being forced upon Colt by the Tennessean, who
accused Colt of being THE TRIBUNE S correspondent
and struck him with a glove, when Colt incontinently
gave him a most deserved thrashing in the hall and
fronting the counter of the Charleston Hotel, some
fifty persons being spectators of the scene.  Something 
like a challenge passed subsequently, but nothing came
of it, and Morgan found so many cold South Carolina
shoulders turned upon him in consequence, that he
presently departed for Florida.  With respect to his
being the man who fired upon the Star of the West,
the statement may be true, or a bit of lying bragga-
docia.  There were many claimants to the honor in
Charleston, which was not generally assigned to St.
Clair Morgan.  His mother was once tried for whip-
ping a slave-girl to death.

[Gunn s handwriting]
(From the  Tribune  of a
day after.)

[newspaper clipping]
  Mr. Morgan, who was wounded at Fort McRae,
becoming convalescent, and Dr. Hunter has no fear
but he will recover.
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Sixteen: page eighty-four
Description:Regarding the start of the Civil War.
Subject:African Americans; Anderson, Robert; Civil War; Colt, Amos H.; Duels; Fort McRee (Fla.); Fort Pickens (Fla.); Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.); Gunn, Thomas Butler; Hunter, Dr.; New York evening post.; New York tribune.; Star of the West (Ship); Storrs
Coverage (City/State):[New York, New York]; Charleston, South Carolina; Pensacola, Florida; Alabama; Tennessee
Scan Date:2010-06-01


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Sixteen
Description:Includes Gunn's descriptions of the scene in New York at the commencement of the Civil War, boarding house living, visits to the Edwards family, Mort Thomson's engagement to Fanny Fern's daughter Grace Eldredge, Frank Cahill's return to New York from London, Frank Bellew's dissatisfaction with living in England, Thomas Nast's engagement to Sally Edwards, the scene in New York during the departure of the 7th New York Regiment for Washington, attending the wedding of Olive Waite and Hamilton Bragg, a visit with Frank Cahill to the camp of the 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers and the 2nd Regiment of New York State Militia on Staten Island, the death of Charles Welden, and his reporting work.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Bohemians; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Marriage; Military; Publishers and publishing; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.