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	        Captain Foster.

[newspaper clipping continued: first column]
United States.  It will have five bastions, the
length of each in accordance with the extent of its
particular command of some point of the compass,
three looking seawards, two on the landward side,
the latter being provided with additional out-works
called demi-lunes and covered ways, with sally-
ports and all appurtenances fitting to resist attack, 
the demi-lunes arranged for musketry, the covered 
ways for both musketry and cannon.  The walls, en-
closing an oblong area, and affording a para-
pet a mile round, will be eight feet thick, nar-
rowing to seven-and-a-half, pierced with strong
and spacious casemates, accommodating two
tiers of guns, the upper tier about thirty-
five feet above low water.  There will be fif-
teen embrasures, the flagging of the casemates
stretching back about twenty-two feet, and provided
with traverse circles to mount the guns, of which
counting from the centre of say the northeast cur-
tain to that on the northwest one front and half
the adjacent fronts, right and left there will of
ber sixty-six, all forty-two pounders, rifled to send
a cannon shot a mile and a half s distance.  In each 
bastion, or upon some point of each front, hot shot
furnaces will be erected, though in modern artil-
lery practice against shipping, shells are considered
more effective.  The fort is to be protected by a 
deep fosse or ditch, sixty feet wide.

[newspaper clipping continued: second column]
                 ITS PRESENT APPEARANCE.
  At present the northeast bastion is nearly ready
for mounting guns, and the eastern and northern
curtains which protect it are sufficiently elevated
to lay the embrasure stones.  Two embrasures are
complete and nearly prepared for the reception of
guns.  Only the foundation of the northeast bastion
is laid.  Indeed to the uninstructed eye everything
presents a very unfinished appearance, suggestive
rather of good granitic intentions than perform-
ance, and looking as the Tower of Babel might
have done within a week or so after its commence-
                        THE ARMAMENT.
  Captain Foster expects to have fifty guns mounted
by the first of December.  He will apply shortly
for nine rifled forty-two pounders, as aforesaid, now
lying at Governor s Island beginning to mount
them within a month from the present date.  It is
probable also that a ten-inch James rifle-gun will
be added to this armament.  The fortress may be
completed within three or four years.  In case of
war two earthwork fronts, like field fortifications,
would be erected to cover the rear, within the cir-
cumference of the larger and more permanent

[Gunn s diary continued]
of the city towards his chief.   Anderson is a
Southerner and 
a gentleman, 
he would 
say;  but
that d____d
doesn t

[newspaper engraving]
Captain J.G. Foster.

[Gunn s diary continued]
			us and believes we are 
			capable of anything! 
			So the Vermont
			officer and
			who is, I think,
			a New Yorker,
			were subject 
			to South Caro-
linian odium; which the former repaid in
kind.  In his talk to me, to-day, he was exceeding
bitter against them; declaring them cowards
and the like.        In answer to my inquiry about
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Seventeen: page seven
Description:Newspaper article written by Gunn regarding his visit to the forts at Sandy Hook.
Subject:Anderson, Robert; Doubleday, Abner; Foster, John G.; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; New York evening post.
Coverage (City/State):[New York, New York]; South Carolina
Scan Date:2010-06-08


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Seventeen
Description:Includes Gunn's descriptions of the scene in New York at the commencement of the Civil War; his visits to military camps in and around New York City as a reporter for ""The New York Evening Post;"" boarding house living; a bridal reception at the Edwards family's residence in honor of the marriage of Sally Edwards and Thomas Nast; a visit to the Heylyn and Rogers families in Rochester; and his trip to Paris, Ontario, to visit George Bolton and the Conworths.
Subject:Boardinghouses; Bohemians; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Marriage; Military; Publishers and publishing; Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Paris, Ontario, Canada ; Rochester, New York
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.