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                      Affairs in Texas.

[newspaper clipping continued]
ing and believing that its destination was Texas, and
asserting the vital importance of striking at the
rebellion there; that it might be isolated, surrounded.
He returned to the North disappointed, subsequent
to the news of the Galveston disaster reaching us.
Since then I have had to chronicle additional evil
tidings from the same coast.  In illustration of the
Colonel s mission and of the Texas question gener-
ally, it may be admissible to afford a few particulars,
involving the mention of recent facts:
  It is known that the Rebels obtain by far the
greater portion of their supplies through Texas, by
way of the Rio Grande or from the Mexican port.
So long as these sources are available, and they
have cotton to pay for powder, lead, blankets, cloth,
shoes, coffee, sugar, &c., they will never want for
them.  Mexico produces no cotton, therefore needs
it.  On the frontier, the Confederates have estab-
lished regular agents, extending from thence as far
into the interior as San Luis Potosi, 1,000 miles
from San Antonio and about 300 North of the City
of Mexico.  I have, this morning, seen a letter from
Mr. M. M. Kimmel, our consul at Monterey, written
to a U. S. Officer at this port, in which he states that
a Rebel order for no less than 600,000 of the hand-
loom blankets made at that place is being executed 
  At the Mexican ports, too  whether Matamoras,
Tampico, or Vera Cruz  our blockade is a miserable
inutility, all commercial restrictions being easily
evaded.  A vessel may clear from New-York for
Nassau, Havana, Port-au-Prince, and thence sail 
direct for Mexico.  As an illustration of the loose
way in which things are managed, I am informed
by Mr. Dennison, Collector of this port (himself a
Texan, and loyally interested in this question) that
not long ago a ship left your city freighted with
cotton bagging, ropes, &c., the owner being under
bonds to sell it only to Mexicans.  I have but to 
refer to a sentence printed above, about the non-
existence of the plant in the republic, to point the
joke of this.
  The Confederates regard Matamoras as their spe-
cial port.  Fifty vessels are there now, large and
small.  In June last, an agent departed from this
place for Europe: he has just returned in charge of
three vessels, freighted with arms.  Another went
to purchase medicines; his arrival is expected daily.
The profits to both buyers an dsellers are great, the
risks comparatively nothing.  What wonder, then,
that such a trade should flourish?
  If a Union force were dispatched to Fort Brown,
Brownsville, opposite Matamoras, this contraband
traffic might be almost entirely stopped.  Military
occupatoin is the only real preventative.
  To turn from the minor to the major question of
Texas in general: Those best informed assert that
there are in the State at present but 7,000 Confeder-
ate soldiers, assembled mostly at or near Galveston.
With an army of from 12,000 to 15,000 men, the
loyal Texan exiles declare that they could expel re-
bellion, produce a prodigious and overwhelming re-
action in favor of the Union, and cut off the
 Southern Confederacy  from all the palpable ad-
vantages of contingent foreign territory.  They
rely strongly on the Anti-Slavery sentiments of the
loyal German population, who have been especially
singled out for the barbarity of the Rebels.
  I commend Gen. Hamilton s mission to Washing-
ton to the sympathy of THE TRIBUNE.  He is a 
good man and true, and has suffered for the cause in
which he is, heart and soul, identified.	T. B.G.

[newspaper clipping]
From Our Special Correspondent.
					Jan. 30, 1863.}
  I have another naval disaster to chronicle, similar
to, though not so bad as, that which occurred a month
ago at Galveston, Texas, and, like it, transpiring on
the same coast.  The news, in the shape of a brief
telegram from down the river, announcing the cap-
ture of the United States blockading vessels Morning
Light and Velocity, and the burning of the former
by the Rebels off Sabine Pass, reached this city on
the night of the 28th.  A visit to the Tennessee yes-
terday morning afforded me the following particu-
  The Tennessee (a large side-wheel steamer, char-
tered by the Government as a transport and gun-
boat) left this port on the 20th of the month, being
under orders to carry dispatches from Commodore
Farragutto Commander Bell of the blockading
squadron off Galveston, and also to stop on her way
at Sabine Pass for the purpose of putting on board
of the Morning Light Acting-Master Partridge  the
same gentleman who experienced such an opportune
escape from the notorious  290  when, deceived by
her simulation of a lawful British vessel, he was
about to visit her from the unfortunate Hatteras,
which she subsequently destroyed.
  Arriving off the bar on the evening of the 21st,
just after sunset, the Tennessee sighted a large
steamer, strongly resembling the object of her
quest, though her top spars and the yards on her
mizzen-mast had been removed, and her jibboom was
rigged English fashion.  Behind her lay another 
vessel, indistinctly made out in the fast gathering
darkness.  Recognizing the Morning Light, in spite
of her disguise, and rendered additionally distrust-
ful of what might have happened by the fact that
she showed no signal lights in answer to his own,
Capt. Child of the Tennessee caused her to be
hailed and demanded her name.   The Morning
Light!  was the reply.   Then send a boat: we
have a communication for you.    We ve neither
boat nor crew!  returned to unknown respondent,
although the former could be discerned, hanging at
the stern, by the officers of the Tennessee.   Where
is Capt. Dillingham?  next demanded Capt. Child.
The answer came, brief, decisive and exultant:
 Ashore and a prisoner!  the Confederates are in 
possession of the vessel! 
  A short consultation on board the Tennessee fol-
lowed this disastrous intelligence.  Some of the offi-
cers were disposed to attempt a recapture of the
Morning Light.  It being known, however, that she
had no less than 8 broadside guns and 1 30-pound
Parrott, all of which were in undoubted possession 
fo the Rebels, while the Tennessee carried but an
inconsiderable armament of howitzers, just sufficient
for blockade purposes, peaceful counsels prevailed,
and Capt. Child steamed for Galveston, 40 miles to
the southward, there to report the bad news to Com-
mander Bell.  From the appearance of the Morning
Light, it was evident that she had been recently
attacked, probably that very day, and no doubt ex-
isted that the schooner Velocity, her only [words cut off]
in the blockade of Sabine City, had [wouds cut off]
  Commander Bell next morning [words cut off]
gunboats, the New-London and [words cut off]
rescue; had he done this immediately [words cut off]
of the information necessitating [words cut off]
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Twenty-One: page two hundred and eleven
Description:Newspaper clippings written by Gunn for ''The New York Tribune,'' regarding the state of affairs in Texas.
Subject:Bell, Commander; Child, Captain; Civil War; Dennison (New Orleans); Dillingham, Captain; Farragut, David Glasgow; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Hamilton, Andrew Jackson; Journalism; Kimmel, M.M.; Morning Light (Ship); New York tribune.; Partridge, Acting-Master; Tennessee (Ship); Velocity (Ship)
Coverage (City/State):Galveston, Texas; Mexico
Scan Date:2010-11-18


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Twenty-One
Description:Includes Gunn's descriptions of his experiences as a war correspondent for ""The New York Tribune"" at New Orleans, Louisiana, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana; boarding house living; a visit to the Rawlings family; a fight with Mr. Blankman at his boarding house; his journey on the North Star with the Banks expedition; the re-occupation of Baton Rouge by Union forces; a visit to a sugar plantation in Louisiana; and Fanny Fern's daughter Grace Thomson's death.
Subject:African Americans; Boardinghouses; Bohemians; Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Military; Publishers and publishing; Transportation; Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; New Orleans, Louisiana; Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.