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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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[newspaper clipping]
Old St. Augustine:  A Story of Three Centuries.
    By Charles B. Reynolds.  St. Augustine: E.H.
IT is hardly necessary to have seen the quaint
old town of which Mr. Reynolds writes, to feel
interested in his narrative of its  changing for-
tunes     unstable as the shifting sands of its
harbor bar.   He tells us graphically of its found-
ing in 1565 by the Spanish bigot Menendez, who
enforced his claims to Florida by that terrible
slaughter of French Huguenots which gave name
to Matanzas inlet.  Many were the vicissitudes
of massacre, sack, conflagration, and siege, to
which different foes, the Frenchman, the English-
man, the Indian, the Boucanier (Buccaneer), sub-
jected St. Augustine before it was ceded to Eng-
land in 1763.  During our Revolutionary War it
was loyal to the British crown, but the enter-
prising Englishmen who had infused new vigor
into it received a poor reward for their loyalty,
when its retrocession to Spain in 1783 compelled
them to seek other homes.  From that date St.
Augustine remained in Spanish hands until Flo-
rida passed into the possession of the United
States in 1821.  All these changes are exhibited
by our author in a series of well-selected historic
pictures, on which he has succeeded in throwing
a strong light.  Various characters of greater or
less note enliven his pages, from Admiral Sir
Francis Drake to Coacoochee and Osceola, heroes
of the Seminole war.  The story of Fort Marion
 of the first building of San Juan de Pinos, of
its destruction, its rebuilding, its resistance as
San Marco to obstinate siege, its rechristening as
Fort Marion is an interesting one.
   The book is graced by various illustrations, some
being copies of drawings made three centuries
ago, and the remainder mostly artotypes of old
buildings, the Cathedral, City Gate, Fort Marion,
etc.  A list of dates and a full index add to the
value of the little volume.
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Twenty: page one hundred and ninety
Description:Newspaper clipping reviewing a book by Charles Reynolds on the history of St. Augustine, Florida.
Subject:Castillo de San Marcos (Saint Augustine, Fla.); Gunn, Thomas Butler; Menendez de Aviles, Pedro; Reynolds, Charles B.
Coverage (City/State):St. Augustine, Florida
Scan Date:2010-09-10


Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Twenty
Description:Includes Gunn's descriptions of his experiences as a war correspondent for ""The New York Tribune"" at Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, especially Hilton Head, Port Royal, St. Augustine, Key West, and the end of his experiences with the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular Campaign when he had to leave camp due to illness.
Subject:African Americans; Boardinghouses; Bohemians; Civil War; Diseases; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Marches (U.S. Army); Medical care (U.S. Army); Military; Military camp life; Peninsular Campaign (Va.); Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Port Royal, South Carolina; Hilton Head, South Carolina; Key West, Florida; St. Augustine, Florida; Virginia
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.