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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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Text for Page 182 [10-31-1853]

              31.  Monday.   Judge Morgan; Oliver�s grandfather over to see
the horses.  A short, stoutish old gentleman, in grey coat and felt
cap; possessing an emphatic, but good-humored style of swearing.
Subsequently I, with Keene Richards rode over to Mr Morgan�s
house, he on his Arab, passing on our way Mr Alick Keene�s
house.     Arrived; the house is a very handsome, two story one, finely
fitted up inside.     Some company there, relatives and friends.  We
dine, ramble about, look over the cotton gin at work &c.  Oliver
appeared to great advantage.  I never saw more manly, unaffected
hospitality and goodfeeling.      The handsome, summery house, with
its free and easy �Do what thou wilt� ways, and pleasant people will
not easily pass from my memory.          Rode back to Keene Richards in
the evening, in company with him and Yusef.    This day Maurice
went of per steamboat for New Orleans.
			       November.
  {1.  Tuesday       Riding and rambling about.  Saw the whole
  2.  Wednesday}       cotton process, from picking it in the fields. This
is done very rapidly, the boll being plucked of the cotton which is part in
large bags, one or two of which is attached to each person & they pass
up the long rows with them.   At nightfall each persons work is weighed,
a record kept by the overseer.  There�s a stated quantity for each slave,
but its often exceeded, being put at a low estimate.   One �boy� was spoken
of as having picked 750 lbs in a day, but this was a thing to boast
of.      The Gins are spacious, steam worked buildings, always at
work (save on Sundays.)   Mr Wallis Keene�s recently erected one, com
bining a saw mill was reckoned to cost $2000   At the top of these
buildings is an extensive place for drying the cotton; then in the gin it
is all torn into shreds, the seed extracted, passed into a room, where               
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