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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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Text for Page 184 [11-02-1853]

              him if he does wrong, or runs away.   And it�s part of his nature as de-
veloped by the Institution, that he should do wrong.         As to whether
the Slaves are kindly treated, or cruelly used, � its altogether foreign to the
matter.      Of course it is according to the nature of the owner, � there are
St Clairs, and, (I�ve no doubt) plenty of Legrees.     The overseers,
(who are not highly spoken of,) do the whipping, or slaves under their control.
The work the slaves have to do, is all appertaining to the cotton plant; in
this part of the country no sugar cane is grown.    It is not hard labour.
They rise early, by daybreak, or before, to the sound of a bell, take their
dinner; perhaps other meals in the fields, and work on to 8 or 9.  The
younger or weaker have tasks apportioned to their strength.    They have
two suits of clothes a year, stout durable ones.    Tobacco is given them,
no spirits, as of course, they�ll get drunk if they have it in their power.
The house servants are exempt from field work, better clothed and fed;
they are very attentive.      I never heard any harsh word addressed to a
slave during the whole time I stayed here.   The Southerners say, and
I suppose, justly that Northern born folk living south, behave worse
to their negroes than others.    It can be easily explained this way; they
coming from States where paying for free, hired, labour they always got
the value of it, everything efficiently done; having purchased slaves ex-
pect the same from them, and not making allowance for want of thought
in the darkeys, wax irate and tyrannical.    They may too have felt a
great deal of indistinct sympathy for Slaves at first, but on a little experience
of a trick or so, d��__m the whole race, and ill use them.   Now a true
Southerner, (if educated, a gentleman;) always has consideration, lays down
a large margin of allowance for niggerisms.        I have heard the matter
of Slavery discussed here, in Louisiana, with infinitely more calmness and
common-sense than North.        Indefensible as a Right, it is yet the
best state of things compatible with White and Black.   You can�t expect               
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