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Text for Page 097 [01-23-1861]

	     Secession Talk.

[newspaper clipping continued: first column]
than a ��� abolitionist Black Republican.  He wants
to coerce the South, and establish a military des-
potism with Abe Lincoln and that ��� ��� nigger
Hamlin at the head of it.  Hamlin is a nigger;
there�s no doubt of it!  As for Abe Lincoln, he must
feel mean, I should think, at causing all this trouble.
He�d resign, and be glad to do it.  He�ll never be Presi-
dent, that�s certain, not even over the northern states,
the Black Republicans will shoot him first, for
bringing them to ruin.  It�s ten times worse for the
North than for the South; what will the Yankees
do when we don�t buy their manufactures, and have
direct trade with Europe.  The whole prosperity of
the North has been built up at the expense of the
South; free trade has cost us thousands of millions
of dollars.  They are all abolitionists at the North
�sucked it in at the breast.�  He (the speaker)
had lived among them and knew it.  There was no 
reasoning with a northern man on the subject; he
couldn�t reason on it.  He never got beyond the
assertion that a nigger was a human being.  He had
no fight in him, either; you couldn�t insult him
into fighting.  He (the speaker) had tried and only
got as mad as h__l in the attempt.  They were
all incurable fanatics, and^|x| fanatic anyhow; he
hated all such.  The South must be a unit on the
subject�Virginia would have to come in, though
she was behaving very badly just now; the goven-
ment had corrupted her.  Louisiana was next on 
the list of secession�she was sure enough, and
would face the music nobly.  It was a common
cause, and none of the southern states could stand
out, though some of them might drag a little.
  To be sure, it would cost like the mischief.  Seces-
sion had played the old Harry with business in
Charleston already!  He (the speaker) hadn�t dis-
charged any of his clerks, they had joined the mili-
tary and he intended paying their salaries, though he
was keeping store (a wholesale one) at a loss of some
thousands of dollars a month.  But that wasn�t the
question; South Carolinians weren�t Yankees in
whose eyes a dollar looked as big as a cart-wheel.
Their honor was at stake, and he, for one, didn�t ob-
ject to pay a two-dollar tax for his gold watch, or to
contribute to the carrying on of the war to the ex-
tent of his means.  He knew there were planters
who were selling off their land and niggers for
what they would bring, and hated to see the adver-
tisements in the papers�why didn�t the editors
keep them out?  Those who weren�t willing to live
or die with the South, had better go North where
they properly belonged to.

[Gunn�s handwriting]
x d__n a/

[newspaper clipping continued: second column]
  He hardly reckoned there would be a fight after
all, thought the boys were spoiling for one.  They 
had behaved splendidly.  Think of young fellows
accustomed to every luxury out on guard at the forts
and batteries on such a d____d night as this.  (It
was raining heavily.)  It was the same with the
ladies; his wife had asked him to buy a re-
volver for her, and had practised with it till he
wouldn�t like to be the man she aimed at at fifty
paces.  If her advice had been taken, they would
have occupied Fort Sumter before Anderson; she
warned him of that danger often; several of his
friends could witness to it.  He thought the Gover-
nor�s allowing the Major get fresh provisions from
Charleston market ��� ��� ridiculous; if it wasn�t
a state of war now, he would like to know what
constituted one?
  As for the fort, Anderson�s men were in mutiny,
and their commander, a southern man, would resign
his commission directly his state declared for seces-
sion.  The Major had acted only from a mistaken
idea of self-preservation.  Anyhow, the fort must
be taken, and could be in twenty-four hours.  The
batteries at Fort Johnson had heavy guns enough
to effect a breach in her, and then the garrison
would be powerless against the five thousand men
brought against her; they could bring fifty, if
necessary.  He reckoned Colonel Hayne had better
come back from Washington; the government was
in the hands of the Black Republicans, and didn�t 
intend giving up the fort.  Not taking it at the be-
ginning was the only mistake South Carolina had
committed, but she had confided in the honor of
the government, which had guarantied that no 
action should be taken and no reinforcements sent
against her.  However, it had united the South,
and was all right in that respect.
  He wanted peaceable secession, but, if Abe went
for a fight, he should have enough of it.  After all,
it was a shame that white men should murder each
other about a parcel of ��� ��� niggers.  They
had paid for them, and meant to keep them, that
was all about it; the Bible sanctioned slavery.  And
they didn�t fear a nigger insurrection either; he
knew plenty of niggers�slaves too�who would
shoot an abolitionist just as quick as he would.  For
himself he didn�t own any now, though he had
when a planter.  He believed in� arming them.  He
was a white man and a Christian.
  All this was listened to with assent, and evidently
considered a good, sound, common-sense view of
the matter.  Comment would be superfluous.

[Gunn�s handwriting]
� owning               
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