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Text for Page 153 [02-09-1861]

              143
	       Correspondence.
as to what had occurred.     As requested, I had
made excuses for his non-appearance at dinner.
By the way Dr Irving talked old school over
it and told stories about George Frederick Cooke
and Kean and other theatrical celebrities.
  10.  Sunday.  Another visit to the floating-
battery, meeting Marchant and a German
of my acquaintance on my return.       Then wri-
ting a letter to the Post; � this:

[newspaper clipping: first column]
	         SOUTH CAROLINA.
		          ����
                 {From an Occasional Correspondent.}
Martial Law Established�Bad Behavior of the
  South Carolina Troops�Fort Sumter�Charleston
  Commerce�The New Confederacy�The Defences
  of Charleston�Major Anderson�s Condition.
		CHARLESTON, February 10, 1861.
  Yesterday�s papers contained a proclamation from
the Governor, establishing martial law (duly accent-
ed in capitals), in and over Sullivan�s Island �and
the waters and marshes adjacent,� the provisions
of which you have doubtless reprinted.  Such a
measure had been confidently expected during the
past week, and was indeed highly necessary for sun-
dry reasons, some of which I am enabled to men-
tion.
  In the first place, some of the troops have been
behaving badly.  Consisting almost entirely of
young men unaccustomed to any control but that of
their own will, obtaining no pay from the state, an-
imated only by their devotion to it, detestation of
all �Yankees,� and an inherent proclivity towards
fighting, they do not submit even to lax military
discipline with a good grace, regarding themselves
as entitled to all the privileges of volunteers�
among them, unlimited whiskey, which, up to the
date of the Governor�s proclamation, was supplied
to them by their friends and relatives.  These too
they invited and entertained, until the island�or at
least the camp�was overrun with them, them-
selves, in their turn, visiting the city a good deal
too often, and with equally mischievous effect.
There were, also, jealousies, rivalries and grudges
among the different corps.
  All of these things have borne their natural fruit

[newspaper clipping: second column]
�drunkenness and occasional riot.  On one of the
days in the earlier half of the past week some mem-
bers of a Columbia company (I believe the Wash-
ington Guards, or some such title) broke into a
house and grossly assaulted a woman there resi-
dent, subsequently resisting with their muskets the
guard sent to arrest them.  After a severe �free
fight� the offenders were locked up, and will
probably be punished or sent home.  Hence, pri-
marily, the Governor�s proclamation.  Of course
not a word of this has appeared in the newspapers.
  A minor reason may have consisted in an in-
creased desire for secrecy as to the military pre-
parations on the island�a distrust of spies sent
hither by the federal government.  It is asserted
that such have been discovered and privately sent
out of the city.  The case of one man, dismissed on
the charge of being a correspondent of northern
journals, was two days ago paragraphed in the
Mercury and Courier, his detection and arrest being
due to a notable detective here, one officer Schuboo,
who enjoys a great reputation for similar feats.
They are generally effected so quietly that their
mention in the newspapers is quite exceptional.
	          FORT SUMTER.
  Yesterday, on its return from the race-course,
Charleston found two subjects for its evening�s dis-
cussion�one the arrival of Colonel Hayne and
Lieutenant Hall from Washington; the other the
establishment of a provisional government for the
seceded states by the Alabama Convention, and its
nomination of a President and Vice-President.  I
have a little to say on both topics.
  The result of the first was, as I have heretofore
remarked, expected, though it certainly has in-
creased the indignation at the continued retention               
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