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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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              [newspaper clipping]
         THE NEW ZOUAVE REGIMENT.
	        ����������
    The Anderson Zouaves at Camp Lafayette.
	        ����������
	A REGIMENTAL SONG.
  	        ����������
  The Zouave feature is, as everybody knows, one
of the most prominent of those marking our
present national conflict.  Originating in the neces-
sities of African welfare during the reign of Louis
Philippe, at first recruited by native Algerians,
then from the dregs of the Parisian populace, anon
from the French commonalty in general, it proved
its efficacy at Sebastopol, Solterino and Magenta,
thereby obtaining lexicographic recognition and
world-wide notoriety.  The late Colonel Ellsworth
perceived its advantages and the possibility of na-
tionalizing it, and since the formation of his Chicago
corps it has become a recognised part of American
warfare.  We have Zouave regiments of various
descriptions and degrees of divergence from the
Gallic original.  Among those approximating
closest towards it is the regiment forming the sub-
ject of the present article.
	       THE REGIMENT.
  Anderson�s Zouaves�so named, of course, in
compliment to the hero of Fort Sumter�were or-
ganized by their Colonel, J. Layafette Riker, Esq.;
Major Isaacs and Mr. George Shay, at whose cost,
in combination with that of other patrons, the regi-
ment has hitherto been maintained.  Compris-
ing upwares of nine hundred and fifty able-
bodied men, recruited from this city and the
interior of the state, particularly from War-
ren, Washington, Essex and Rensselaer coun-
ties, and containing one entire company of
French adopted citizens, it was mustered into
the United States service on Sunday last, by Capt.
Wakeman, United States Army, the oaths having 
been accepted without a dissentient voice.  Since
then orders have arrived from Washington to for-
ward the regiment to the seat of war immediately.
It only waits the receipt of arms and clothing to
start at once for active service.
	             THE CAMP.
  Camp Lafayette�a name adopted in honor of the
French element the regiment�is pleasantly situa-
ted at Newark Bay, near to the village of Salters-
ville, at five miles distance from Jersey City.  It is
a closely wooded locality, its shore commanding a
view of the broad bay and city of Newark, and
�that singular mound called Rattle-snake hill, which
rises out of the centre of the salt marshes a little 
to the east of Newark Causeway,� and which, ac-
cording to Diedrich Knickerbocker, forms the mau-
soleum of the aboriginal inhabitants of Communi-
paw, who were literally frightened to death and in-
[unclear word] the marshes by the sound of the Low Dutch
language projected through a speaking-trumpet.
Ordinarily a watering place of modest pretensions
during the summer season, its hotel, like most of
its class, is a large, white, wooden building, two
stories in height, encircled by a spacious piazza and
environed by trees.  Its many apartments, �up
stairs, down stairs, and in my lady�s chamber,� in-
cluding a billiard and ball room, are at present oc-
cupied by the Zouaves, about half of the regiment
finding accommodation within its walls, the remain-
der domiciling themselves in outhouses and bar-
racks erected for that purpose.  The most charac-
teristic of these are
THE QUARTERS OF THE FRENCH COMPANY,
Consisting of a large and exceedingly clean and
spacious barrack, entered from the centre and sur-
rounded on the inside by berths or sleeping-places
filled with loose straw, which, when frequently re-
newed, the men find infinitely cleaner than if sewn 
up in the shape of mattrasses.  These berths are
overlooked, at the ends of the barrack, by those of
the officers, who thus have the entire company be-
neath their eye.  Unlike the rest of the regiment,
the French corps performs its own cookery.  It
claimed and has received the promise of being the
advanced guard when in action.  The majority of
its members are already equipped at their private
cost, or that of their officers.  Many have seen ser-
vice in Europe.  Indeed the general appearance of
this company is essentially Parisian.
	         THE UNIFORM.
  As before said the regiment has yet to receive
both its clothing and arms, but the costume of the
French soldiers alluded to above affords us a 
sample of what is intended.  The Anderson Zouaves,
then, have adopted the genuine unmistakable
Zou-Zou uniform, the red fez or skull cap with its
long blue silk tassel, the immensely loose, red,
baggy breeches, the leggings, gaiters, long blue
scarf worn round the middle, the queer, tight cloth
waistcoast with only one arm-hole�the left�in it,
fastening on the right, and the short jacket.  They
wear their hair closely cropped and their necks
bare.  The officers appear in dark blue uniforms,
similar to those worn in the United States army.
  The regiment will be armed with the Enfield rifle
and sabre bayonet.
                                THE MEN.
  These are almost exclusively young, sturdy,
healthy fellows who have passed a strict examina-
tion by the surgeon and received his unqualified
encomium.  Though young men, some of them are
old soldiers, exhibiting medals given by the English
and French governments, bearing the world-
famous names of Alma, Inkerman and Sebastopol.
They drill at least six hours a day, devoting their
leisure to gymnastics, quoit-playing, wrestling and
an occasional sparring-match.  The propinquity of
the bay, too, affords opportunities for bathing and
oyster and clam-bakes, which are by no means
neglected.
                   SONG OF THE REGIMENT.
  The men have the following popular song, written
by a Miss Edda Middleton, and dedicated to Major
Dayton.  They sing it with a good deal of enthu-
siasm:
	  TUNE�The Red, White and Blue.
  When Sumter, the shrine of the nation,
     Was struck by black Treason�s command,
  And our flag, from its world-renowned station,
     Was dragged and defiled in the sand,
  A shout that presaged desolation
     To the homes of the traitorous crew
  Shook the earth to its firmest foundation�
     The shout for �the red, white and blue.�

		Chorus.
          Three cheers for the Anderson Zouaves!
          Three cheers for the Anderson Zouaves!
          Our flag shall yet wave over Sumter,
          Placed there by the Anderson Zouaves.

  And when our strong Temple was burned
     And battered by Treason�s red hand,
  Its flames to fierce lightning�s were turned,
     Its smoke to black clouds o�er the land;
  The storm iron hail stones was spouting,
     As South on the north wind it flew;
  And iron-mouthed thunders were shouting,
     �All hail! to the red, white and blue.�

	       (Chorus as above.)

  Then Anderson, faithful for ever,
     Called forward, to lead in the van,
  Those who will dishonor him never,
     His Zouaves, his invincible clan.
  Then strike for home, country and glory�
     For loved ones we always strike true:
  His name lives forever in story
     Who falls �neath �the red, white and blue.�

	        (Chorus as above.)

  The cup�not the wine cup�bring hither,
     Salt tears fill it up to the brim;
  It is wreathed with no wreath that will wither�
     The prayers of our loved ne�er grow dim
  Thus pledge we our Patron and Heaven,
     As patriots, brave, pure and true:
  To our country shall Sumter be given,
     Or we fall �neath �the red, white and blue.�

	                     Chorus.
          Three cheers for the Anderson Zouaves!
          Three cheers for the Anderson Zouaves!
          Our flag shall yet wave over Sumter,
          Placed there by the Anderson Zouaves.

               THE ORDER OF THE DAY.
  Reveille at 5; drill for one hour; breakfast at 7;
guard mount at 7 �; drill from 9 to 11 �; dinner
at 12; drill from 1 to 3; battalion drill at 5; sup-
per at 6 �; tattoo at 9; taps at 9 �.               
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