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Text for Page 179 [01-18-1862]

              [newspaper clipping]
  In the early summer began the movement of
troops to Canada, and the shipping of great quan-
tities of military stores to the same point, with
the sailing of armed ships into the waters.  The
offer of the United States made to Great Britain
and France to accede to the Treaty of Paris was
simultaneously declined by both those powers, ex-
cept upon condition of our assuming obligations
which they declined to assume for themselves.  The
Mexican intervention was agreed upon by Great
Britain, France, and Spain, in the development of
which a large foreign fleet will be thrown into the 
Gulf of Mexico.  Meanwhile the British Govern-
ment, through an agent here, had privately, not
officially, approached the rebel authorities to invite
their virtual adhesion to the Treaty of Paris.  The
agent of this business was Robert Bunch, British
Consul at Charleston.  The letter proving the fact
was found upon the person of Robert Mure.  The
removal of Bunch was instantly demanded by Mr.
Seward.  The matter was opened to Lord Russell
by Mr. Adams; and the secret instructions to
Bunch, �which are only now acknowledged be-
cause they have come to light,� as Mr. Adams re-
marks, were confessed by the British Government,
which declined to remove Bunch.  Mr. Seward, by
the President�s direction, thereupon instantly with-
drew his exequatur, notwithstanding the declara-
tion of Earl Russell that his Government had not
authorized Bunch to say that what he did was the 
first step towards recognition.

[Gunn�s handwriting]
Harpers.  Jan 18./62

[newspaper clipping]
  No. 4 is the correspondence respecting the with-
drawal by the Government of the United States of
Mr. Bunch�s exequatur as her Majesty�s Consul at
Charleston.  In connection with this affair the fol-
lowing extract of a communication from Mr. Adams
to Lord Russell will be read with interest:
		LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
			LONDON, November 14, 1861. }
  MY LORD:  In obedience to instructions I now
have the honor to submit to your lordship�s consid-
eration the answer of the Government of the United
States to the note addressed by your lordship to me
on the 9th of September last, in reply to a previous
note of mine touching the diversion made from its
original course of the sealed bag of dispatches of
Mr. Robert Bunch, her Majesty�s Consul at Charles-
ton, a copy of which was immediately forwarded by
me for their information.
  I am directed to say to your Lordship that the
declarations made in that note with unquestioned
candor and freedom touching the contents of that
bag are entirely satisfactory upon the main point in-
volved in the suggestion I had been instructed to
make.  It is, therefore, a pleasant duty imposed upon
me to express the regret felt by my Government at
the interruption of the passage of the consular dis-
patches which has occurred in consequence of a mis-
taken suspicion that the agent who transmitted them 
was abusing the confidence of the two Governments.
It is hoped that no serious inconvenience resulted
from the delay.
  In announcing to Lord John Russell the with-
drawal of Mr. Bunch�s exequatur, Mr. Adams,
under date of 21st Nov., says:
  Least of all will the undersigned be permitted to
admit that communication with Mr. Bunch, while 
exercising consular privileges granted to him with
the consent of the United States, with insurgents
endeavoring to overthrow the Government, can be
justified by the declaration of her Majesty�s Minis-
ters that they have already recognized the belliger-
ent character of those insurgents, and will continue
so to consider them.  It is, indeed, true that her
Majesty�s proclamation has been issued for the regu-
lation of her own subjects, and that it has been
interpreted by her Government as recognizing the
insurgents as a belligerent; but it is equally true
that the Government of the United States declines
to accept any such interpretation as modifying in the
least degree its own rights and powers, or the obli-
gations of all friendly nations toward it.
  Still adhering to this position, the undersigned is
instructed to announce, as the result of the most calm
and impartial deliberation upon the question thus
submitted for its decision, the necessity which his
Government feels itself under to revoke the exequatur
of Mr. Bunch.  Neither has this step been taken
without the pressure of a strong conviction that, in-
dependently of the facts already alleged, his personal
conduct, even down to the time this correspondence
has been going on, as well as before it commenced,
has been that, not of a friend to the Government,
nor even of a neutral, but of a partisan of faction
and disunion.
  A lengthened correspondence on the subject took
place between Lord Russell and Mr. Adams, but for
this we have not space.               
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