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The Vault at PfaffsAn Archive of Art and Literature by the Bohemians of Antebellum New York
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Text for Page 235 [05-12-1862]

              [newspaper clipping]
  A new work on America by the Rev. Dr.
Massie, founded on an extensive tour in the United
States, in the Summer of 1863, describes the �origin of
the present conflict, and the claim of this country for
anti-Slavery sympathy.�  The author explains and jus-
tifies the policy of the Republican party, both in
their election of Mr. Lincoln, and in all that the
President has done to uphold in the first place the
Union, and then, conjointly with this, the principle of
negro liberation.  He takes sides with the President as
against the extreme party of Abolition in America,
especially in regard to the scrupulous constitutionalism
of his celebrated Proclamation of Freedon in the re-
volted States.  He gives an account of the Pro Slavery
rioting in New-York, which occurred when he was
there, as well as of the noble services of pity and kind-
ness toward the colored people to which that scene of
outrage afterward led.  There is a chapter on Ameri-
can journalism, and another on the probably destiny of
the negro population.  He relates a little incident of a
kind not to be found in the correspondence which un-
dertakes to teach most English people what to think of
the Confederate heroes.  The author was shown the house
where Gen. Lee formerly resided, as being the heir of
Mr. Custis, and so related to George Washington, and
he says: �I conversed with one of Mr. Custis�s slaves
who had fallen into the hands of Gen. Lee, and who
gave an unvarnished and veritable account of the wo-
man-flogging performed by the chivalrous General.  He 
claimed legacy duty on the slaves whose freedom had
seen bequeathed by their old master, and charged it as
high as five years� servitude.  They claimed immediate
freedom as by will of the testator, and left the prem-
ises; whereupon, Mr. Lee sent after and seized them
and ordered them to be flogged by the overseer.  The
obedient scourge did his bidding for the males, but he
was not spaniel enough to whip the women; and the 
brave General himself took the whip and extracted their 
legacy duty in tears and blood; and, it is said, poured
out oil by brine into their open wounds.  Thus I saw
the slaves and hearthstone of that military captain
whom The Times delights to honor.�               
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