3STEW YORK LEADEK, FEBRUARY 14, 1857.
E <\* AFFECTIONATE EF1STLK.
Omeefye PhOaddphiti Voting Ve** to Ut tidier*,
ye, ye laie lall ai ye Academic cf Uuack.
Pc Vuuv.—Have yon lost all J ...
8t. Do Drained, to lbe bottom, and my rocket" made
what prudeat nature loathes—a vacuum, elc.
r.«.« Finn :
I'll pen to yoo some verses which
To read if you'll endure,
If you don't find them very rich,
You'll own th- subject's poor.
My hat Ihe meanest Is In town,
And 111 becomes a gent,
For on it I bave scarce a crown,
And on hand not one cent
Though made at flrst of right good pelt,
Worse pelted ne'er was known,
An.l who e'er saw to so muchYcit,
So little reeling shown.
No scarf have I, and I'm afraid,
Twill so remain with me :
* liy last neck-tie of silk was made,
My next of hemp may be.
ily disposition's nol so good
As lo acquire much praise,
Bul yet it must be understood,
No collar can I raise.
jiy clothes to a small snm anion:.!
Ma every one hero knows ;
The tailor closed out my accounts,
Therefore I'm out of clothes.
These, my bad habits, I deplore,
Worse sure were hard to find—
Few ever saw so poor before,
And none so mean bohind.
Uy only s nit's not worth a groat,
Worse thin a suit at law ;
For such a body lo a coat
Nobody ever saw.
Tbo buttons tbey were but a butt.
The culTs cuffed out all o'er ;
I'm by tbe self-same Schneider cut,
Tuat cut my clothes before.
Tlio skirt's skirt on decay with hast?,
Tlie fa-lug defaced—stale ;
And .iimo-1 wasted is the waist—
" And thereby hangs a tail I"
ily breeches many a breach have hiJ—■
To lell the truth, they are
' Si rotten they won't bear a thread,
Although tooy are threadbare.
I'pon my person is no purse—
I deeply am in debt ;
My trust's suspended, so ofcourse
Suspenders I can't gcL
Two shirts remain of all before,
I called my bDsom's pride ;
And then of stitches, I have more
Than they bave—in my side.
My drawers in "Simpson's" drawers immuud,
Tint is '• my uncle's" store.
Where cash is loaned, by goods secured—
Three balls hang by the door.
My stock of stockings is bul small ;
(Thus snrely is no yarn,)
They 're little worse than none at all,
Though I dun't care a darn.
Of boots 'tis bootless to expand,
. In naming tbem—they're sad ;
I'm like Ibe home built on the sand,
For my foundation's bad.
'tliey once were footed ; so was I—
I footed uot the bill.
The cobbler kicked—I stood thereby
On a worse footing still.
So—nnce I'm here without a friend,
And not a decent dress,
I j'i-t express a wish you'll send
some clothes on by express.
Yoer Alliactictnate Son.
f/7117 Transcript. O. B. S.
Junction- of thk Atlantic and Pacific—
Aa Anaicia cr Ecaon a Asa ot m Fanner.—A
London paper speaks as follows with reference to t
project for uniting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and
an American (who is -'Sb. T. Kelly, of New York")
who seems to be pressing tho project ou the French Em -
peror: . .
Mr. F. Kelly, of Now York, is in Paris, with the
object of explainirg to thc emperor his project for thc
jui.ction of the Atlantic and l'acilii; oceans. The route
he proposes commences on the Atlantic side, In tte ltiy
of Candelia, s .1,1 to be the best on that con-1. From
the bay he proposes lliat It shall ascend the Atrato
river for a distance of 63 miles, to lis junction with the
Truamlo river, an affluent on thc we*t, In Iat 7 dog.
li min. N. and king. 77 deg. 8. min. 32 sec. W. of
Greenwich. The Atrato, excepting at ils mouth, has,
iie states, nowhori wilbin lhe above mentioned distance a less depth than 47 feet, and an average depth
o! 75 feet, with a width varying from 350 to 1,009
yards. From thc junction ho proposes following along
the Truando, t|,*| .suing t: at rive, by means of dredging mae'iin ■*. fifteen feet fur a distance of thirty-eight
miles, aud Ihon leaving it, making a through cut to
Kelley'» inlet, a further .li-tance uf Hi miles on the
Pacific oc.mii, in bitiude B deg. 57 min. 32 tec. north,
and longitude 78 deg. west of Greenwich. A regular
line of levels wai run over the Cordilleras f.om base to
base, showing the highest point lo bo but 500 teet wilh
a sUie.Witor-tied, Ihrough which he proposes to tunnel
for a tlistar.ee of three niiSo-t. The deepest ctittii g, he
says, would nt t exceed I'M leet, and the average over
cutting SO feet. The summit k-vol is at llie junction,
and from whicii each way thc water would flow at the
r.iu-ul'-j.'j miles per hour, and in sullioieiit volumo to
bear cn ils bosom tbe commerce of the world. For the
four years ending August, 1855, Mr. KpSley stales that
be has Cited out witb good instruments, and at bis
asm expense, four separate parties of engineers for the
Atrato valley (thu lourth lino indicated by lliiuibiil.it),
wti in-truetions to examine several passes leading to
A Fall for oir Favoritk Tkagkimexne.—
lb Saturday night of last week, an unpleasant accident
hapiieued to Miss Matilda Heron, in her groat rote of
Camille, at Wallack's. In thu thirt! not, and al the mosl
exeitiig momoiitof tlte play, as Miss lleren throws herself in ts.o arms ct Arinand's father, promising tore-
llnqijeh her lover, tho chair of Mons. Duval gave way,
an I bolh artist- were precipitated upon the floor. Mi-s I
Heron rose and left tlie stage, and the curtain fell—tho
au hence remaining very anxious as to the amount of
injury the performers liad sustained. The object of
tSieir soiieittid., appeared befoie the footlights almost
immediately, bathed iu tears, and apologized for the
occurrence by stating Ihlt tlie furniture was old and j
tlie wood dry. Mie also declared thai the same thing
had bapivned to her three separate limes in tho |sr-
C irmanoo of thai scene. In consequence ofthe intorru|>- '
tio, the third act was not resumed, bul the oii.tain I
mxt rose upon the ball scone at Paris. The audience |
wore gratified to know that no injury hud been received |
byeitlur or the performers;and the play proceeded I
IKiinl without dillicoltv.
Freehold Movement in Scotland—A
movement was lately commenced In Edinburgh, and
bas since extended to other Scotch towns, having Air iu
objects the extension of the parliamentary franchise to
tho proprietors In counties of freeholds yielding a clear
rental of 40s., as in England; the conferring on 40s. freeholders witbin burghs lhe right to vote in their respective counties; and the extension ofthe English system of
registration to tbe Scottish counties, for which a bill was
introduced last session, applicable both to burghs and
counties, but which, being oppoi-od by llie Scotch
county members, was then re;tilcted to the burghs.
Two public meetings on lhe subject have been held in
Edinburgh, addressed by the Rev. Dr. Be#g. a free
church clergyman, Mr. Duncan M'Lareo, antl othor
leaders of the movement, and at the last meeting of the
town-council resolutions were carried, without a di-
vision, in lavor of lho objects sought, though several
members recorded Iheir dissent from tlie proposal to
introduce freehold burgh voles into the county representation. Tbe movement is promoted chietly by lbo
"advanced" section of thc liberal pirty. who being
generally favorablo lu a large extension of the suffrage,
desire to equalize the* privileges ofthe fruniliUe In England and Scotland, as W"ll as ultimat-ly to Recure a
wider basis of representation. The de*slgn hasalso been
very openly cxjiressed that by menus of tbe freehold
system the conservative inlleeiice which prevails in
about tbrec-f.Hirtlu or Iho counties of Scotland should
be oveibalanced, uot by Ibe rural, bul the burgh freeholders. The change Is likewise advoe-atcd as an important mean ol social elevation ofthe working classes,
and a deputation from Birmingham and Limdou is al
present on a Scottish tour explaining Ibe operali<>n and
results of lho freehold land societies established if Ute
years In somo ofthe llrghsh midland counties.
Great Jewish Longevity in Fuaxck.—The
remarkable longevity ofa Jewish family nt liSji.ii is
noticed by a French paper; one of thom, a widow
named Brunswich. t'ied in receuiber. 1855. above IPO
years old; an thor. M. Ijmil Levy, died three mouths
ago, at th-.- age of 101 years; and a tliird, M. Leo,iol<!
Ijcvy. died on the 20th ull., tyod 102.
A Straxise Fancy.—An eccentric gentleman of fortune, named Saunders, has i.iS.en ■ lan.'y to
build a bouse, in lhe neighborhood of Loudon, Kith
slone from the fotlifi -ntiousof ttbttttf^. Ho ha* gone
out in a little vessel of his own for the pur|K)se of ob
taining tbcm. There is no accounting for tastes.
Fond of the Giitak.—A Russian prince,
wbo is a fanatic admirer of an Instrument wl.it h lias
fallen into genera! disfavor of late year--—tlie guitar—
has summoned all llie guiturists of K'lrojie lo a public
trial of th, ir skill al Brussels, and has promised u goSd
meoa! lo the best player, antl a silver oao lo llio second
How the Committee "Eirxei/' the Bills,
or thk P.exK.—A correspondent writes from Inki te>
the Si .ringtleld Repiillirun a singular statement. Ho snys
that tba tiiroe-tors of a bank In llie vicinity <if lio-tcn
held a met ting wilhin six months, and chose a committee of their number to burn a lut of old and mutiia-
tel bills lo llio amount af -i\ly thousand dollars. Ol
eottnte the bills wore burned—for tliat w.is tttt voto.
Yet it it remarkable, tliat, liuce the ooullagraliou. Sl-1,
|}ccgs at Current Hflfe
Heavy Freshet ox all the Rivers.—Dam- ,
tan ant> I/us ix Evft.t FiRxcno.**.—The heavy rein an J
tudden thaw of Saturday week produced, as was ex- '
pected, freshets of immense force along aSSS lhe Northern !
rivers, tho Hudsen, Susquehanna, Delaware, Schuyl- I
kill. Connecticut, Nacgatuck, *c. The heaviest damage .
recorded by the journals during the week has been that
al Albany, and next in importance that along the Delaware, at Trenton and other places, and alons the valioy
eCtlic Nangatuck, at Derby and Birmingham, Ct.
Albany certainly suffered in a degree altogether on- !
pora'lelled In the history of inundations in America. '
The nso of water became rapid on Sunday afternoon, i
and continued through the entire night, having reached '
iu highest point on Monday morning at five o'clock, five
feet bitrlier than ever known before. The whole lower j
port cf Ihe city was inundated—boats running freely on
Broadway to the Iko-ion II.iu.--e. Ou Sunday n%hl
men on horseback were obliged to ride through the '
streets in lhe water, waking people from sleep, and :
win,.., them to flee for their lives. Many would have ;
been drowned bet for the warning, and finally escaped :
through scuttles and upper-windows. In the middle of !
the n!»ht the slaking of lime iu warehouses tet the t Sly
o«i fire at several po.iits, antl thc engines being unable
to move along the streets the fires could e,n!y be cxtin-
gutsS.oa by pails and ladders. Monday morning iMkad
ujvn a scene of complete desolation. Every lumber ;
yor J was overturned and rartially floated away—huu- !
dreds of cattle in the lower part of the city were drown ;
ed, and several fives had been lost. H-nises, brt Iges
nnd piers came floating down tbe river ; some witb m,u
opon lli'-m, meet of whom were rescued in boats. During the day tbe water abated, and efforts were made to
mini tc- to the* wonts of the thousands of families turn-
el out from their heists. Ttie public buildings were
thrown o;>en for their shelter, and during thc week the
authorities have been arduously employed in relieving
the sufRring. The l,si to Albany by this Inundation
cannot fall short of from two to three millions of dollars.
Troy self red les lhan Albany, but very heavily.
Most of the lumber yards were partial'y carried away.
and several fires occurred, as at Albany, by tho slaking
of lime in storehouses. Thc Rtnsellacr and Saratoga
freight (leant, at Green Island, tuck fire from that cause,
and was bemed.
Next ia importance lbc destruction seems to have
b--e:i al'ii^ tue Delaware. All along the line ofthe river ,
the aster rose to a height several feet above any point
ever known before, and from Easton to the Cap.it
heavy damage was done. It was Marti that a!! the
bridges would go, bit thoy remained unbroken. At
Trenton r.a immense dtmage was done, and one- large
locomotive foundry wai almost entirely swept away. I
Oa the Itaritan, ut Kew Brunswick, New Jersey—the
destruction was immenso—much property being carried
away, and not less lhan fifty or sixty vessels of differ- ,
ont size being thrown a-hore, so thai many of thom
wiS! uot be worth the cost of getting afloat.
At Derby anil Birn-.Snghata, ft., the flood came with
suuli rapidity down the Xaugatuck valley, as seriously
to threaten life. The whole of thc two towns (oa oppo-
8i'.<? -ilcs of tlie rivor) were inundated, tbo bridges .
earned away, and the immense manufacturing interests
O* th • towns injured boyond calculation. On othor
Eastern rivers the damage was also heavy, Uioegb ,
second la that oo thc Nangatuck.
Ti.* r dSroads seem to have suffered loss in this gener- !
a! t'vcril iw than might have been expected. No.eri- >
e>*is interruption has taken places—though many of thorn j
have bceu delayed—except upon the Erie Road. On !
thst lino tlie bridge over the Delaware near Narrows- !
b'irgh was carried away, and the connection has boon !
oMigel to be made from :iic opposite sides of the* river, j
Taken altogether, probably the whole country has
never suffered a more serious general calamity than
tli*=o freshels; anj al this time tbe actual loss coal!
not possibly be estimated.
Death of the Dl-kb of RrrLA.vn.—Some of
o ir roidors may not be loo democratic to take an interest in tlio foliowing account of one of thc first noblemen
of England, recently deceased, which we extract Horn
an Eugli-h pa[ier. It wdi be seen that the deceased duke ,
not only sprung from the old blood or Somerset and
Manners, but was allied by marriage to that purest of;
aristocratic streams, known in rhyme as " all the blood I
uf ali the Howards " i
"Tiie Duke of Rutland. K. C. died at half-pist threo !
o'clock on Tuesday morning, at Belvoir Castle, tbe an-
uieat fauv'.y seat, in I^iccslershire. All his family hail
assemblei at tbe castle, and the duke was surrounded
by his .ons and daughters. The deceased, John Henry
SM inner-, Dake cf Rutland, Marquis of Gronby, Ewl OS'
Rutland an! Baron Manners In the peerage or England. !
was el.l.v-t son of Charles, fourth duke, "by Lady Mary
WWh S'morset. fiflli tlaughter of Charles Noel, fourth
Duke of Beaufort. He was bornttb January, 1VS8, ami
succeeded lo thc ducal title and family estates tn the •
demise of his father, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, •
iu October, ITS", so that he enjoyed the dukedom for i
tho king period of sixty -cine years. Soon after he had
■Malatiil fit i mijority, in April, 179", he married Lady
K.i z,S ioth Howard, fiflh daughter of Frederick fiflh Harl
of Carlisle, grandfather if lhe present earl, which esti-
matl-j lady died in November, 1S-5, and by whom his
Grace leaves (urvhlng issue two daughters and three ;
son*, namely, La.ly E'izabcth Drummond and lady •
AdeSizi Norman, the Marq.is of Granby, M. P., I/ini
John Manners, M. 1'.. anil Lord (leorge Manners. M. ]'.
The deceased duke w ls a Kui^bt of Ihe Garter, or whioh
ilhistriaus order he had loug beeu the senior, having
been a knight about fifty years. He was also Lord Lieutenant and Custns Rottdcrum of Leicestershire, High
tsteward of Ouubridgo, Recorder of Grantham and Recorder of Scarborough, a Trustee of the British Museum s
and a Governor of King's College, London. His grace i
was colonel of the Leicestershire militia, to wbicli he
he was appointed in 1798. and a D.C.L. of Cambridge
University. The tale duko has always been regarded as
one of Ike best landlords in England, nad for his liberality and earnest consideration of tho welfare of his tenantry, he was deservedly popular in his owu neighborhood. He was for many years a liberal patron of iha
Mrf, and was ardently attached to our national field
sports. He took no active part in poliiics, but on all
important questions that arose in the House of Lords,
he invariably voted wi'h the extreme conservative S
tarty. Tlie deceased duke is succeeded in ths family ;
honors and extensive landed estates by his eldest son, !
the Marquis of Granby, M, I'.. who was born May 16,
Another Party to the French Railwat
Fiuum insm.—Edward David, one of tho parties I
Implicated with Oarpentier, Louis es relet and olhers, jn
•he fraud upon the Northern Railway Company of
France, was arrested on Tuesday last by Officer DeYoe.
of the Chiefs Office, on a warrant issued by the President of the United States, aud lodged in the Eldridge
street Jail for examination. He was captured at No. 157
Crosby street, where he dines, and since his arrival ln
tba country, haa kept very retired.
f.oiu that point without diilicidly.
An Elirroil DwaPI-KAP.KD.—Mr. Reynolds, I O00 '/'*■-' »•""<■ W"J haK '"*" reb-em.'! at the name bank.
Manukacttkem iw Chicago.—The city of
Chicago now produces annually upward of filleeu millions of ,!i dlars worth or manufactured articles.
An I.upo3ter Leavixo Sciiiienly.—The
Petersbtirgb, (Va..) Express iii-lices the sudden i!c|«trt-
ure from that city, undor fear of lynch law, of fir. J. J.
rtepiirtison. a lluce years graduate of the Pennsylvania
penitentiary, llo hod tuocee.lod in getting iuto "good
society," imt a loiter from Philadelphia made his
■■quietus," ui'd the "doctor*' was forced to leave.
Heavy and Fatal Bon.Kit Explosion.—On
Weiliii-stlay evening last, at Bullaln, Ihe boiler conuottc!
with the machinery for driving Itio pumps ou K. I). Rir-
low's section oftho O-iial enlargement, neat Black Rock
data, exploded, demolishing the building In which il
was enclosed, and iii.-lamly killing John lb* -ghton. tho
engineer, John Rider, fireman, antl live laborers, who
wero at work on tlie caual near by. Several others
were also seriously injured.
HIGH LiIVING AMONG THE LoflSIANA DaPJEIKS.
—The week aftor Oiristnias, as some hunters wore
beating about for game on the river Amite, near the
se'ttlement ofthe lute 51r. Matthicu, Ihoy discovered an
edifice occupied by a runaway negro, wh., forthwith
r.iMoied. Among other items, ihe camp contained, bo-
sido sundry ai tides of kitchen nnd ImusehtiM furniture,
including n letlstead, two middlings ol pork, u demijohn
ol whisky, quantities of flour, corn mea!. sugar, colfeo,
salt, powder aud shot. &o.; tStt%*Tttt*fttt*t\ Ttt
hunters, ofcourse, "removed tlio dopo.-its," audbuint
up the camp. The following day they captured the
furtive, who proved to belong to Mr. Jeremiah IVImor.
The prisoner, boing called ujmn to state his "experience," .-datctWiat tho camp was occupied by two other
runaways beside himself—that tliey boil boon there
some six month-—thai thoy all had guns, 4c. Tlie
other two. it seems, hail gone over to the plantations on
thc Mi--is--ip0 river to spend the holidays. Oue of
them, it is ascertained, has committed a murder, and a
reward of $400 has been ofiered for bim, dead or alia,
c Iiiur of the I'aterson, New Jersey, Democrat, left homo
for this city on Saturday of last week, put upat Savory's
II ite-l, and left agaiu for home early on Monday morning, since which time nothing has been beard of him.
He has a i'.imi'y at I'aterson, and much anxiety is felt
for his personal safely.
Snm at Copake.—Mrs. Caroline Van
I't!s,.*i, wi lowof Robert Van Pusen of Copake. Colum
Ua Uouuty, committed suicide, a few days ago, by bang
iso.-. She is scpiMised to have beon laboring under
aberration of mind at the time. She was in an
upiier room of tlio house, and requested her daughter to
go ttown Ma The latter obeyed, but shortly after
ward, suspecting something wrong, returned" to the
room where she liad left her uiuther, anil there discovered her lifeless body sasponded. Ttie deceased was
about 70 years of age.
Fatal Accident in Dutchess Cointv.—On
Saturday morning week, Mr. Evert Rynlors. of Milan,
wont into the woods tu out a load of fuel, before breakfast, and no! returning, hts son weut in -parch of bim.
ami found him lying en his face, quite dead. His neck
was found to be broken, and is sup;iuso,l to have bo-
come so by tbo falling ofa tree iqion liim. The deceased
was about 45 years old. and leaves a wife aud family to
in ji i: n his untimely death.
Stephen A. Doiih.asmWashington.— The
A-.socialiou ofthe Frienils of Civil and Religious Liberty
will celebrated the coming Anniversary of thc Birthday
of Washington by a public dir nor nl the Astor House.
Hon. Stephen A. Douglas has accepted thoir invita ion
to respond to tho leading toast of tho evening—The
Memory of Washingtou."
Probable Mcrder in Boston.—Yesterday
morning, between len and eleven o'clock, the body of
Mrs. Rose Cook, who resided at No. 5:1 Village street,
was found lying dead in bed, whieh was saturated with
blood that bad flowed from a wound inflicted on tbe
head ofthe deceased. A daughter of the deceased, who j —KprinyfieW (La.) G-izctte.
slept iu the suiik bed. stated that when she woke up in
the* morning, hor mother was dead. The daughter, who
is said to ba partiaiiy insano, was arrested, and will bo
kept confined till titter tho inquest, whicli will be held
by Dr. Cornell. There arc circumstances coiineote.1 with
tSie duathjOra very suspicious character.—li.ii.m Times,
Mt. BOM to have a Chance.—W. Gilmore
SSonins lias been invited by several of the prominent
Retirn or the James Adger—An-airs at
tub CURS4PKAXK.—The steamship James Ai'ger, sent out
by the Board of Underwriters of this city, undor lhe
command of Capt. Turner and Capt. Joseph II. Toone.
fir the relief of tho vessels in distress iu Chesapeake
Ray, returned ou ITedRosday night, bav'ng accomplish-
ed the object of her mi-.-ion, anil bringing back the ship
gentlemen of Charleston to deliver, in tliat city", the three j Samuel Ruspel in tow. An Immense fleet of vmst-h
f.vtures which be attempted unsuccessfully to deliver in I were found in distress, uud n great amount of g.iod has
several northern cities.
Max Going Ahead.—Max Marttzek !s said
to bavo remitted £12,00u to his bankers in Ibis city, as
an indication that Ids operatic lour to Havana has as yet
boen a succe-sfttl one.
Heavy Burnings op Cotton Pp.es xi.—
tttt orthe heaviest cotton presses in Mobile—tbe Ship-
per=\ Planters', Hun;'.- anil Montgomery—were burned
i n Sunday Ufct. Besides tho buildings about 15.100
bales of Cotton wero de troyed.'and the pecuniary lo.-s
ts thought to be not less llian 870O.U0O.
Rnr.BF.nY ok Mail Bags in France.—The In-
:...:■'.,- of Bordeaux says :—" A most daring robbery
has just been committed, to tiie prejudice of Ihe post
o.l.oe of lids eily. Ibu vehicle wliicli cariies the mail-
hags tiom the post-itlice to the railway station at La
Ikistide, set out as usual about ninoai night, and arrived
at its d«.*stination iu a few minutes. Tlie bags contained
a.sum of ISOO.OOOI Tor lbo account of the post ollice tt-
minl-strutiun. Wheu tlie bags arrived at thc station thy
were taken out, and being opened to allow the letters
and eth r matter to be sorted, it was discovered tliat
the 2M).0O0f. had disappeared. The postilion and the
go..rd allitm that thoy kept the horses trotting at a rapid paco, and saw uo person near tho v chicle. So the
bee-n done by the seasonable relief afforded. All tlie
vesseLs are now extricated from their ]>cri!ous positiou.
Capt. Toone remained at Old Toinl Comfort to complete
his arrangements in behalf of tho underwriters for
victualling, lowing and refill ng wrecked and disabled
vessel:, and will return to the city dorirg tho present
More Conscienci: AVokk among the IYk-
i.oimiks.—A few days since llo: President and the Ca-liir
of the Georgia Railroad and Banking CtttfttB oaeh re
ceived a Ic*ttor, announcing the interesting fact lhal two
thousand and eighty-one dollars, tho property of tlie
Company, had beeu sent by Adams' Express, lho following is a copy :
"Dk. Minims, CmbM R. fl. Jt\n B.*.NDM Co., Af-
tiiSM. t'.A—.Sir .* I have MM H you by Adam.-' I-\prt~s
two thousand and. eighty-one dollars (J'J.OSl), the pro-
jierty of the Georgia Railroad and Batiking Company.—
Please acknowledge the receipt ol tho samo in tlio Augusta t'.i]t4ititli>ntt!it and lho Chivle-tton }l,rcttry.''
Wo aro rec'iosted to say that tlio monoy has 1—eu
duly received Ihrough iho channel indicated. We are
request.-,' to say. that the oldigati'-n under wlib
the Com;Kiiiy is placed by this ro.stit.iti"ii of their pro.
porty. would M kMMMMl if the information MaM ka
D,lTN„v THK Fagiish Foimifp ftail-aiMlU I '" wllat '!<T»rtmont the amount is to lie credited. Iba
HOBSOK, THEttWiUIJB fOBUm, WWWdg«- | r:liIr( a,( depMOMM ol Iill I MffcllJ ll IT I I ll hM
Baaa—Robson, who is uow iu Newgale, having been
placed thero to facilitate Uie making up of bis accounts
under tlie fiat in bankruptcy, has evinced symptoms of
aberration of mind. The mental anxiety hi has undergone constituent upon bis irretrievably degraded posi-
tiou. the indignities and personal auilenug to which lie,
mc .m'aion with ail convicts sentenced to transporta-
ujii. :- .-objected, have completely shaken Ills intellect,
iii.- ii:-i:nlty is Mi to have assumed a lorni of in len- *
mebiia holy Th re cm be liltle doubt that lie will be
ri-iiiovitl to ltotlil. hem liuspital as a criminal lunatic,
where, iR all probability, he a ill shortly en,I his days, '
a^he monileils sympUhis of a complcle constitutional
An Expensive Freak of a French Madman—An aetion was brought agaiust the Kink of
Frauce before tho Tribunal of Commerce, by the heirs
o. a retired captain of the army named Lavergue, of
Toors, to obtainT'rora it payment of 3o,o00f., the amount
os' notes alleged to have* been destroyed by him iu a lit '
oS'insanity. Tlie plamtifis staled that Ibis person, whose
mind liad been affected lor many years, had since ISoi
l,oi u (MMMMl with the idea of iniiiatiug an Englishman .
of Bb ter. of whom he had read in lhe nowsi>apers, who .
bad burned a number of bank notes, and hail tben com- S
milted suicide. On the Ml of Juno lust. Captain I;i-
vergno blew out his brains ; antl on a table was a paper I
s. uini; forth that he left forty -live notes, aran-.inli.-ig t) :
^.!.300f, and 7.0Sl*f. in gold aud silver. Thc latter sum
was found, but the notes hod disappeared. Iu tho grate. .
however, were it quantity of cinders, caused by the burn- '■
iug of paper and tho remai-.s of several bonk noles.— :
A-. tlterefore, it was morally eertun that the notes had
been burned, it was contended that the bank was bound
to pay the amount of them. Thc bank resisted tho
claim," on tho ground tliat it could not be made to pay
nnos which had been entirely consumed, and of tho de- j
siruet.on ol which it had BOt sufllcie i: proof; and as to |
the Iragmcuts nf notes p; educed, it could not benwdo to
pay on them cither, inasmuch as Ihey boro no marks
of any kind lo prove tb.ir ideutity. Tue actiou was uis- j
missed with cots.
A London Writer on Late and Early j
M. a :uiiK.—Addressing a daily colcmporary, a writer,
who signs himself "In Limine," makes lho following -
-MMl pertinent and slinging observations in reference
Mtlie application lo Sir G. Grey, for tho suppression of
the St. Janies's brothel*. " Let me proceed to express !
my coovi.ti n , that al least ono half of the prostitution
i.i KngSund is due to tlie socinl system creatod and fos- I
t-ircl by the matrons of England, which ' forbids to ,
marry.' The necessity of 'keeping np appearances' ,
prcveuts a man from marrying in bis own sphere, until ■
he has attained a ' respectable' income aud station, i
He moy usually achieve this at thirty, when ho wiil be I
very welcome in a home of daughters. But he is a }
man at twenty. Unless he be a Christian, (and there \
are not too many young Christians) ho ha-', dnring leu j
l.ileryecing years, either kept a mistress or resorted to
taoso haunts which Sir George Gray is asked to put I
down. Thero is no use—and there is folly anil false- !
by foul moans, on moro llian one MOMfMi so hu* tin
ljuiikin;. tkfartnMt Uis a matter ot some im|jortaiiee
to knaw to which branch of thc bu.-inoss rei-lllation is
It is evident, from the circumstances of thus case, that
tliis in'iiey. or its Mm, lias been surreptitiously ob-
■ taiucd Irom tiie company, and is restored unJer llie
j workings of on awaken**,! conscience.
A "imilar case of restitution occurred in our citv a r.-\,
weeks ago. A merchant of litis city then received from
an anonymous source, through the mail, a lottercon-
taining several hundred dollars, aud bid, By stating that
t'.io money belonged tohim.
i Wo wi-h equal good fortuue to all who have !o-t m >-
ney or fttftttf, and to the put IMMM cordially rocom- ■
merol the above example's, u< tlie llr.-t.-top toward lliat
1 poaeo of mind ..which passetlialluuder.-tai.ding."—An-
,u la Contlitu ionaiist.
Ravknocs Wolves in Iowa.—The Keokuk
(Iowa) Pod of the 25th January, looms Itotn a gontle-
iii.'.u who arrived in that city Imm Sioux City, tltiltlu*
woivo.s in t.io river counties have boon driven lu such
| stnuts by tho snow and cold weather, that ihey hovo
i become so ravenous as to destroy horses and cottSe to a
: considerablo extent, antl that tbey liave often attacked
persons. ()n the* evening oflhe Sth instant, a "on and
! daughter of Mr. Slot kdole lefl Ihoir residence, on the*
! fork ol tin* Utile Btoaa River, in Wocllouy. lo attend a
l>arty at a neighbor's, about two nnios distant, and
; ii va. not since been heard of. On tho morning of Ibe
j 6th instant, the bercav-d |«ironU sent to Southon for assistance, and searched Ihe neighborhood around them,
and as nc truces ofthem had beon found, Ihl •"!.<■: -i> a
Is that Ihey lint been attacked by lbo woi ttt and devoured.
Health of JosncA R. Giddixgs. —The
! A-shtibalaScnlind. "f the Sth int., in ..pcakiug ofthe
health of Mr. GitiS Sings, who i t now at bis home in Jefferson, says:
'■Mr. G. states that whon ho first recovered con-tcious-
noss, Uiu past was a perfect blank, but his memory im-
I proved with every hour of sound sleep, unlil it is now
I nearly restored. His nervous system was of course-
S greatly aflerted, and has not yet recovered. Hi- til -1
' aud principal means of restoration was to torn bis mintl
: from busbies.;—particulory from subjects ou which he
was accustomod to reflect wRh uunsual intensity. By
the advice of physicians and friends, he left Washington
as soon as he was able to travel, and by ca^y stages,
reached his homo.
His physical health he regards as rapidly Improving;
and his memory appears to have improved in a manner
nearly corresponding with his physical system. He
seeks exercise in lhe open air, roads but little, seos
company, and cultivates cbeerfulaess and ease of miud.
His physicians encourage tlie hope tbat bo nuy have
years bofore him, if he abstains from excitement and
severe mental labor; while he himself feels conscious
tliat a recurrence of the attack must prove falal. and
that the timo of such recurre-nce is entirely uncertain.
A SrRANGK Old School Gentleman.—Who
hood—in blinking tbe truth. Supposing, sir,
twenty ona be has asked for the hnnd of ono of tho
daughters of Materfamilias, and Had explained, with a ; IsHs?—The Tribune of Tuesday last thus sketches a
i-ntlcman's frankness, that al present he could only ! p,,,^,,,, wh0 seems littlli known to our citizens. Who,
besides tho reporter, has seen him I And who is he ?
Into a certain well known restaurant in Park row.
every day, punctually at iii P. M., walks an elderly
gontleman. who proceeds straight to private box No. 7,
which al tills time of day is always reserved for bim.
There he draws dowu the curtain and busies himself
reading one or the morning rapcrs unlil his diuner.
which is invariably composed of the samo di-bes, is
pi o| trod for bim. His gold -headed cano, with black
silk cord and tissel, his nulled shirt, his qieue, and his
while neckcloth, and more than all, hie precise and
loftv polite demeanor declare him a g* nt Som ui of the old
school. Wben his dinner is ready, it Is Eet before him
and two small bottles of claret wino are uncorked, and
with two wne glasses are placed ou the table. TBc old
gentleman then systematically proceeds to llnish both
his dinner and his wiuc, and his manner of disposing of
the latter i3 wliat causes bim to be regarded with unusual curiosity by the frequenters of Uie house. He fills
twoglasscs, drinks the contents of one himself and spills
the other on the floor, and thus continues until both
bottles are emptied. Wbat invisible friend he imagines
tobo present with himself to enjoy the feast; what unknown deity he propitiates by this profuse libation no
lake* one fl.ior in a house, but tliat he liad no doubt of
his incofne's rising every year. Would tlie young people bc allowed to marry, and fight their way upward
together y Do you uot see the indignation of Materfamilias at so audacious a proposal 7 But he knows better, sir. He works till thirty, and then in an acceptable
match, and, in the mean timo, unless checked by exceptional purity, or by Christian habits, he visits ' dens
of vice,' or lives wilb a femme entrrtanue. Matorlaini-
li ,s and ber cont -mporary matrons know all this perfectly well, and arc not so unreasonable as to refuse
their cards and hospitality to the num whose life tboy
have chalked out lor him. Vice, unless it bc shameless, excludes no gentleman from the society of la lies.
Well, sir, our young friend bas ono other alternative.
He can marry '* below hira "—there are alwavs good,
modest girli ready to accept him at short notice. The
resu t is that he has a wife who is no companion, and as
he rises in llie world and mingles with his own class,
the mistake he has made is perpetually impressed upon
him, and with thc usual ■ elfisline- - of man, bo probably makes his poor little plebeian wife comprehend it.
Aud these are tlio arrangements of civilized society.
1SS7 years nfter the Christian era 1 now leave thc
subject in your bands, hoping that you will not deal
witli it conventionally, and that you will assure Sir Do
one can ML Certain it Is that for more tban throe years
Lacy Kvans and tbe ' parochials' who attended him to S bas he persisted in this curious custom, and during that
Sir G. Grey, Unit they are beginning at the wrong end • time has nol spoken to any ono connected wilh the
of ' the delicate qneslion' There aro deeper social establishment one single word. HLs first order was
evils than the police can cure."
A CnrRCH that Cost More than rr is
Worth—A letter from Lisbon, Pdrtugal, says; "Thero
is nothi ig of particular interest to be seen in the city,
except, perhaps, a cbapel in an old church, about 16 x ; J^k'et'io' i'nteffere with lho" peculiarities of hii mysle
18 feet large, ma said to have cost $4,000,000. Il is Js[0us customer.
built almost cntireSy of auotliy-t, cornel an, lapis, Car- ! ' _
rara marble, p* rpbyry and other precious stones. Ttie | A Bltl'TAL MASTER AND A BRCTAL BfRIAL.—
three sides are filed with mosaic plates representing i Ry a course of brutal treatment, one Olisleager. in
Scriptural subjects, which from a short distance cannot ! Buckingham Co., Iowa, has caused the death ofa '-little
le told bom Ihe arigina! paintings. Two cande abias ', bound boy." an orphan and a Dane by birth. After
written on a slip of paper, with instructions to duplicate
it every day nntil the order was countermanded. Who
the individual Is who perseveres in these strange whims
the proprietor of the restaurant does not know, and be
has too much good sense and too mnch respect for his
lu this cbapel are said to have cost $75,000 apiece; tiny
are of silver, gild tai. and aro the only things of value
Ml by tbe French, who knew not Iheir worth."
his death, tbe inhuman master crowded the body into
an old boot box, and was about to bury tt In a field
near by, wben ho was arrested for manslaughter.
Death from Hydrophobia.—Danger or
Plavlvo witn Snu-Rlx Doos, on Axr.—A musl distressing case of hydrophobia occurred io East Fal|,.wsbip
township, Chester Connty, last week, whkh resulted In
the death of a lad named John Good, soo of Jacob Good.
Tho boy was at Ihe barn with his brother, and saw a
prelty littlo black dog pass by, wbich he ran out and
picked up, and played with bim tor some llmo. The
dog, however, bit him on the finger, making a slight incision. The wound was Ued np, and no serious result
was apprehended, a* the* dog was not sup|Ki-cd lo be
mod. One morning, after the occurrence, tbe lad attempted to wash his lace, and having immersed bis
bands in the water, was seized wilh convulsions of so
violent a character that be died ln s few hours. Thc lad
was remarkably promising and a great favorite, for tils
mauy exemplary qualities. lie was about 13 years of
"In a Box" and tue Better for rr.—Tlie
Buffalo O.v.i,; states that a gentleman in that rity received the unexpected news un Tuesday evening, the
Uth tilt., that the steward on the schooner Iowa had
been almost miraeuUiusly saved. HisnaiioU Yl oodore
La Corg.iy, and he writes from Detroit, giving the
particulars of his escape froui Ibe wreck. Ho says
that at the time of tiie wreck be was in Ihe cabin,
and as the water was running iu quite freely, he went
on deet. Tho sea was breaking over the vessel, and
ho was unable to stand. Hu bethought hini of lhe
provision box, and by some mean.* succeeded iu reach
ing ll. He crept Into it, and in a few hours found him-
scifun latul, tlie lake on ono side aud a forest on the
oth<-r. There was nothing in the box except one ham,
and thl» was his only food for two days, during which
he* traveled in the woods. At thc expiration of Hit- Ume
in* came across an Indian, who kindly took bim to bis
cabin, and took care of him during an ilSne-s of several weeks. Thu Indian lliou took bim to SI.oi.iuae.
whence he cauio to Ilrtroil, where ho is now in a des-
liluto condition. Hi- friends In littlfalo will send for
hiin. Itis not known that auy other person on bund
Hie Iowa was eavi d. The schooner aud all hands went
A Bold Bi.a8Piiemer, and Lamrstarle
Iuxokaxck.—A German woman no. beenimjiosing upou
her ignorant co-mtiyinou i-i Philadelphia, by peaslne
herself oif as a ".relative uf the Supreme Being." and
agreeing to send Uio souls of ,!, imrted friends tolleiven
ou the receipt of five dollars for ench soul. Slic had
succeeded in obtaining considerable monoy in this
mniiuor, when tbe police, ou Tuesday, arrested ber.
A Deserted Wife in a Rage—A Para-
xoirBBMM asp Pt iiliciy Eximkxd The lludson (N.
Y.) Hiar gives tho following account of a strange scone
iu tliai cily. which may suggest tho horsewhipping of
Misi Howard by the Empress Eugenie, shortly after the
marriage of Louis Napoleon:
Our readers are familiar with Hie cireum stineos under
wbicb a youug married music teacher ol this rity le-
cently deserted Lis wife and eloped with a young woman,
hi i former pupil, from Catskill. Vr* in whot we caii
gather, it appears that Kooold ba» tj.auu.e very do-
-irons of dissolving hi? gtiiily relation;. On Tuesday
lost Miss Fiuncy appenrcd aione at Martin's Hotel in
Ihit city, and wished lobe conveyed lotho residence ol
Mrs. KnnoH, who with her little girl Augusto, has been
living wilh afamily just out of town since I.m- husband's
departure. Sbe was accordingly carried thither in a
sleigh, and presented herself ut tlio door inquiring for
Mrs. K, The latter was | rcjmred for her. She had received a letter and a tele-graphic di patch from Kouold
informing her that Miss F. would be tbero to apply for
the* liulc girl Aii.uste, and she must not let hor liavo It.
Miss F. proceeded to deliver hor imssage. She hnd
come tu relieve lhe deserted wifo and mother of another
child S Mr. Ki.nold sent her for it, and tbey would
promi-e to educate il in the most tender manner. This
was too much for theixjor woman to boar, r-ln- lm,i
tnilurolas well as t-he could her cruel desflrlion, but
this cool appeal from her husband's paramour aroused
her to a pitch of fury wbich no consideration* of female
prop, iety could repress. She assniled the girl at once
—not with !"-r tonguo, bul with such other woajions as
nature provides, and romiH-lletl her lo boat a hasty retreat, with face bruised, t,iilet disordered, and clothes
rent—to the sleigh which was lu waiting, lbo MahsM
described a* must animated, intorsp-r-od as it was Willi
IhrasS and dcnuticiatious iL broken English by the* indig-
Nat was then convoyed to Ihe Hudson River Railroad Depot, wh-re she took a seat, waiting a dowu train
of curs. Mrs. K..as MM assho could put on berthings,
followed and again confronted Ihe erring damsel, tl.i-
lnno in the presence of a large number of MMIMMk
Walkiug up lo ber she iii.tautly lore the veil Trom her
face, saying to those around, -Seo. there is the girl
who run away with my Inisbatid." For some time
she* continued to subject tho girl to this severe ordeal
pointing hor out to cVery new comer as tho paramour
of her husband, until the i>oor creature actually [led to
an aiSjotnii.gout la,use and shut herself in, whero she
remaned for some time. Tlie cold coni]K*l!ed her lo
IMM the retreat, when tho framic wife beset hor again,
hut was flicjiiy iiersuadcd by tho bystanders to de-i.-t.
Soon after Mi.-s F. tork Ihe cars for Catskill, and Mrs. K.
(although she expressed her determination to rollt w the
|tr) lo her borne) returned, we beliove. to the residence
of a friend in this city.
"Going a Crfisk."—Thc Pittsburgh C'.roni-
,-le soys that a little block dog. in good .condition, evidently from the head waters of the Alleghany, floated
post that eity on Saturday, on a cake of ice, seemingly
bound on a long cruise.
"Too MivuPoiiK for a Siiillikg."—Tlie
number of hogs running loose in Ihe streets of lltts-
Imrgh, Pa., is said to be a serious annoyance to the citi
MM; but the street commissioner Is in favor of their
being allowed their liiKirtv, as they very materially
as-.i-t in cleaning tin* drecU by eating up the garbage*
A Coij.ege for the Colored. —A short
trie-.,,..•, the Cincinnati Confere-nc* of llic Methodist
I >iisco|«; Church, and other Confcrc-oc<*s. purchased the
beautiful property known as tl\e TS-r iwa Springs ue-ar
X.-nia and fenndi-d lhe Wilbcrl'orce tnivor-ity fnr the
education of colored persons. Tlio property was la,ught
.loop, an! Ihe buiioings are »-, ,1 arranged for the pur-
poM i.f a college. Tlio Hoard of Trustees comprise
many of the most learned and distinguih.*,! moa In the*
State, of all denominations aud parties. Tlie college
opens with a good prospect of success. Several of the
students nre from the Soi.thern States, who liavo Ptyii
braoabt there by th. ir MM aud set free; thoy having a!-o provided money for their educati.iu.
More Trotrle Among the Bon on Tnfi
!**.—A regular warfare has existed for a week pa-t, between lho boys oj l-last I>isb>n und Chelsea. Mas.*.,
ari-i:;g from a dispute as tn lho possession of their
-kaliiu* grounds; a- the same trouble a lew days .-i-.a-e
oxi.-tcd at Washington. Last S utility a light oe-currod
which required a sepiad of policemen to stop—and somo
of the officials we*re -e verelj used.
A Yulxg Wife and ftaMMUfl Mother
MiimiBiM. her BMUB—A Mr. giltsgg, tt Dolaw.no
county, !',»•*, was i.u'-t !■. dilly murdered by Lis wife,
on the 1,igbt of January i'lli. lt.-. "ms Uiey bad lived
very unhappily togi t'.er for MM lime, und nl too limo
of the iuui'e.cr f,< 1 iipicl 'iiU'ereiit bed--. The bead of the
bed-were al .-on.: iSi-ttueo fie*m tl.e walls, m:d she,
's. ting hi- steeps de-'iliTat ly 1 hopped his head with an
ax in ■ must frightful ain.i.er. One Mow Inflicted a
deep wi uud >lii c,-ily in!,, lhe bru',i; ovor Uio Ielt cye,ex-
teiidiog t" ihc Is,...( ihe head. Two others w„rc on lbc
right oftho scull, eau.-iug immeiliatc in.-en-dbility,
though he retained life for abu rt eight-oil hours, Too
ciiconistancs aro ronil-Tod 111 re* ]iaiuful t.y the fact
il..-t tl.o woman expect--*: hourly to assume tlie to w te-
l.lion of mother, whiili ha- since* transpired.
High Living in Iowa.—Thc Davenport.
Iowa, Gazette says th.il buller, at that placo. is se-liiug
at 30cents jier i>"tin'!; tnt, M cciits pe-r doz •„■, chickens, So ci nts each; turkeys. 75 cents lo $1 •.'.I; pMMMI
St 1 si bu.-iiol; coal IC lo lb (MH Mi bushel; weed, ;ti
lo 3.8 per cord.
An Hoxt.st AtniTon in Ti;otni.E.—The* an>
.-out State Au iitor of Indian.!, by his too honest and
Ml ISi.g nature. Iiaa Iti.-t much money by a re ent
Iraiisactiou withsoino of tho Free Ranks. Ho was induced by the over MMIMflM of the* Gratum> roy IS ink
of Lul'ayi !!•*. In liana, to surrcn It Sf.0.ut)0 iu bonds of
the scctinty tt said leink, for whicli tboy proposed (at
a future tone) U> deposit specie with tho Auditor, arcoid-
ing to low, with wftflsh he should redeem the* circulation of tin tlian,111 rey llank. They then .-"Id ther bunds
al Lied-vdlo, nnd di* air.ped wdli lho MsedsHMsf
$.K),0is). Tno Auditor ma le a clean breast of it Saturday to thc Im,i.ina Lgi-laturo, oll'oring his fnfmtf, ro
far as it would go. to secure* tho State*, which Is neel,
however sufficient. He also lias llie ineSividuul bonds
of e-rtain wealthy gi utltiueu ai security.—Chicago
Fotit Times Hcrdergd.—The Starkville
(Miss.) Arlwcate contains the particulars of the horrible
murder of Itubt. Burns, proprietor ol the Cottage Hotel,
in tbat place, by Dr. D. W. Stovall, wilh whom he liad
a fight the day before, lt says;
Going near Burnes' stable, Pr. S. stopped the buggy
and walked within about twenty-live paces of Burnes,
wbo w.es engage*! in liaruesslng a horse, he beckoned
to a negro who was standing near to get out ol thc way,
st the same time raising tlio gun and firing. Al the in-
stint of liring. Mr. Burn? lookod around and reee*iTi*d
the contents of the gun full in the face. He raised his
hanels lo his eyes and sunk to thc earth, exclaiming
•'my God!'' Vpon Ihis, Stovall advanced within tea
paces and fired Ihe second time, the* whole charge
taking et*.-ot iu his back, aod Burne*s then cried out,
" I am a dead man !" Still, not satisfied, Stovall coolly
approached him. drawing a pistol, put it close to his head
and fired again, bursting his eye-ball from ttt s***ket;
then putting the pistol to his breast, he flreel a fourth
time into the body of the already dead man. Mrs.
Burnes and her children rushed from the house screaming, while Dr. Stovall coolly walked oil, got In the buggy
and drove oif.
A Jewish Priest in the BioamyLine.—
Groat excitemeut lias been caused In Kingston, llsler
county, last we*ek. by the arrest and examination of
Kphraiin Woholgemoth, the presiding priest of the
Synagogue, for bigamy. Severn! Jews swore that when
he first arrived in tbis country be stated that be had a
wifo and three children in Prussia, In Europe; but be
has since stated that bis wife was dead. About a yoar
ago he marrieM anothor woman in Kingston. l*o'ice
Justice I liipps thought thai the evidence was not strong
enough to convict him, andthopiise,ner was discharged.
Since then, to prevent further elifflculty arising out of
the affair, the Rabbi has forsaken his charge at Kingston, and tied to parts unknown, loaviug another wife
and child to subsist ujion tlie charities of the public.
More Embezzlement and an Arrest.—C.
C. Bachmno, late President of the Lancaster Bank of
Pennsylvania, has been arrested at tlmt city, under a
rnarge of embezzling thc funds of tho bank to the
amount of »12,C00.
Terrirle Volcanic Erittiox.—Capt. Newell, of thc whaling bark Alice Frazer, of New Bedford,
reports at San Francisco that on the -■ th of July last, a
volcano burst out ou the island of 0,initna-k, iu the Pa
cilic, throwing thc water some eight liundred feet into
the air, followed by the ejection of ashes, covering his
ship's deck. Five other vessels were lying near at the
time, but received no damage.
Clerical Dodge of a Pickpocket.—At a
consecration, on the -U I uit.. of a new cburcb in I/ui
tion, just after the Bishop of London had taken his seat,
a person attired iu the garb ofa clergyman appeared at
the door, and demanded admittance. He gave bis name
as thc llev. Mr. Blackthorn, and was conducted to the
place appropriated to his "clerical brethren." He
was almost immediately recognised, however, by
several of tho officers who were present as a noted
Arrangements for Another Blow Up on
tih Misiwirri.—The Captain of the steamer Natchez
authorizes Uie Vicksburg Free Trader to announce tbot
he is ready to bet from S10.000 to (20,000 that his boat
con beat any boat that travels Ihe Mississippi rirer;
also, Ihat the Princess can beat sny boat eicept the
Natchez. *'If (20,000 is uot enough to excite Ibe ambition of contestants, Capt L. will Increase the amount
at their pleasure."'
Thk Detroit Mcrder Case—How thk
Phwuk wocuis'r stay Item.—The good poople ef Detroit, Michigan, have been much excited for several
days post, in consequence of a mast foal murder, alleged lo have been committed near a place called
Browuslowu, and which the papers dignified bythe
title, in flaming letters, "The Brownstown Murder
The bets ln Ihis singular MM, as near ss we ean
gather them, are these: Some days since a peddler
named Samuel Kiter aged nineteen, entered tii- htmss
of a man named Ili.kly. whose family consists of three
ladles and a liltlo son. The jieddler was missed by bts
friends. He was traced lo Hckly's house. Ho bad
never bceu seen lo leave that house afterwords.
Tlie three ladles in Bickly's family, Mrs. Marv Bickly.
Hiss Xorali Bickly snd Mrs. Mary Sbecban, were arrested ou the charge of murder and lodged in Jail at Detroit Old Bickly an I bis son were not token because
Uu'}' were loo unwell lo be removed. Tbe examination
of the parties commenced ou Friday.
The murdered man's brother tosti!h*d tliat he bail
visited the prisoners' house and made a search. Saw
fro.-h bl.tod oa th.- floor and wai ; found bones aud a
piece of cioth in a barrel of ashes; he thought tiu cloth
belonged lo his brother's vest; saw blood on the barn
an.l on thc snow.
A neighbor, named Mrs. Hannah Clark, bad talked
with the accused relative to thc bloexl; told tbem murders wore always fouud out; ou one particular night
the witness sme-lled the burrdug of woollen very stroug-
ly, and also the burniug of fresh m-at: she thought
the neighbors wore cookiug moat for the bee. The old
lady lold hor, since the blood bait boon to iud. that a
mau liad stopped Ihere over night, aud camoovcr lo her
house to get a stiilliug to give liim in change.
A min named Pcabody saw blood and "sin.-It somo-
Copt. Alvordsaw b'uod; dog into it With a knifo, and
fouud b'iman hairs, some of t. em six or seven iuobes
long, of a dark brown color; found another sjiot about
forty or flfiyiods otf in the road; dog Into that and
found some* moro hairs, a doz u or fifteen in all. Went
back to th.- bouse, saw the IiIikmI before de.-ci iS.,d, and
sonw more on a Hour barred; saw a pi ce of be.!-llok1ng
about as large as the top of the table, (aboul 24 by llii
inches) with several s|ieils of blood upon il two or throe
inches in diameter. Ii was tiken out of the bod.
The F. .e Press says tliat the counsel were about summing up the* ca-e on Saturday, wh, n a liltlo Djlchmnn
(ibe p.- s, I -r) who had stood with hi- hands in his pockets a q-iiet spectator of the scene. step,ie.l forth und protested against any snch liberties being token with Us affairs, deciui ing that he bad neither been slaughtered nor
burnt up, and as lo being elissolved iuto tlie small show
of sheep bones and borse liolr which tbe table before
him afforded, be* folt indignant at lbe idea. The Free \
Of courso we shall not att, nipt to describe the dc'l^lil |
of tho siiectutors. the consternation of the learned coun-
sed, nr the I'lnazomenl of the Judge al the summary
winding up of lhe beautiful ca^e whitTi had be-en made
up; but its wiil confidently assert that the* scene was
A IIfavv Tow and a Gallant A<t.- -The ,
steamer Jlenomon Sanlord. arrived hero on Friday,
froni New I.'i..!..n. fell in wilh the ship Great Western,
in distress, off Monlauk Point, aud tewed hor lo hert ■
berth in East River. Much credit is given to t'.pt liu
Sanford lor taking iu low this lai. - ship at dead of
uigbt, aud bringing hor safely Into (su L
People n Feril ox the Onto.—Six
.steamboat, wore wreckott at th** breaking up of thc ice
lu tlie Ohio river, with many other disasters. Tlio following thrilling account iif i>oril on the ice Is given by
a Cincinnati paper :
-'The principal accident of tho day occurred when the
lee re-commenced moving at two o'clock. Appin ntSy a
gorge liad broken loose below, for the* frozen masses
rushed down tho stream wilh great rapiellty. A level
cake of Ico, stretching m*arly from shore* to shore just
across tlie track of the Covington ferry, hail induced
many p*M0M to cross. It lay motionless, and. at tho
mom.-ut when the mas.-- was again Uoruc along tiu surface eif the stream, twenly -four persons, ono i*f whom
was a lady, were upon it. The lady was being conveyed from Ibis side to Covington in tbe skilf meiitioneel
above ; the p.,i ii-s who wore runniug il were near the
e-tlge of Uie large e oke of ico at the moment it com -
menced moving. Tiioy ran ra[>iil!y forward, but il was
impossible to cross the broken ice tbut lay be-ween
tht in and the shore*. A hush of silence pcrvadod lhe
thousands who crowded the banks ou each side of the*
river, an I tlie hurricane decks of the boats, as thepirty
iiiadc a pause 0-: if in di-sjiair. At tengtb the men made .
up their minds, and turning back, made for the Clncin-!
tern demands improvement. If tbe secret ballot upon
tbe necessity of an Improved system were allowed
among tbe corpi, tbe majority would be overwhelming
in tho afilrmalive.
Uuder this almost nrireml admission ol a mischief,
he would be a very unfaithful officer who, seeing the
evil in his official capacity, did not make it part of his
duties not only to suggest but to urge a remedy—and
to urge it in so public a manner as to cheerfully invite
the criticism ofhis constituency, so that by wide dt h ite
the best remedy mult bc selected.
II. What, then, shall be the changs 1
Shall the Cimt.,,1. Chick ofpolicr lieel^e-l:'
Shall they ht apfwitded and by wk,m >
These are questions of mixed expe-dieucy and law.
Tliat tbey ought not to bo eleJeJ, is almost univcrsallv
Says the Hon. F. Wood, In a strong letter adelressed
to Ihe Ihen lieutenant Governor ol the SUte (Biography,
pago 217.) wherein he reviews the provisions ol a pro-
"The Commissioners are to be oleeted bv 'he Poople. It
.'..,...,.,..... . . ., ..... , _>.L_._J..
IcMMBsMe, Ibis some ooorse wm adoptod. sa* tha
other departments regarded or not, as tbey pleased, nntil the policeman honored the law of report more in Os
breach than iu the obscmaoe. These snd many ether
inconsistencies con now be obviated by consohtiaUm of
power oud responsibility.
Tbe act create, new offices, and thus brings thea under tlie constitutional right of appointment, lbe phrase,
"Board of Police," bas been apparently selected a*
most comprehensive. Ripermlendents of Police, or of
i Public ilea ill, are expressive, and far preferable to
I Clik*f (always an ortbcgrapircal lie, when the Mavor
• was really ChScf) ;or to City Inspector (whicj conveyed
erery otber ides than the true ouo). lusnoctor eif Police is also exact in meaning, ud deservedly supersedes
" Capiain"—a title claimed by every tenlh man one
meets with «,n Und or water. Four Sergeants lake Ihe
place of two lieutenants, ani leave tbe Commissioner*
I powor to fiil in.* present Scrgeauts with -ltoimdsRiTO."
I selected for merit from lime lo time rrom tbecor|is. The
j Surgeon or Police, witb hi- assistants, will bc authorized
by Uw, and not as now, selected under a'accessary
Oui the members of the legislature I evasion of the statute. TV new names will akore-
of conducting our primnry
will ii-a do '..j assoni
are Ignorant of the in,.I.
i I. 1 stuns ia lis,, dty, tm drrlliny vjms objrelion* 10 ihis !
whv ot making C.,miiils«T„ii<*rs. who are to be clohed U Pli ;
Ui • niija.r mn lower of appointing, trving, punishing mil j
removing iM.ltceraeu tn wIks^-linii.UHre uuu-ediIiecus:o.lv |
o. the peace, onlcr. propertv snd llivs if ne-arlv threa: I
,|tiarvr» uf 11 million or luh»l,'luiu». There arc some pro 1
lio-anems »o evident that uo wiiiimeiit or sla'eraonls sre iv-
iliureel 10 el.iel.late thorn; 17,.,! „ |s,',w ^tern rhuwt.J spaa
,IH.fr,mr,fl., ,1.,,,„,., ,1, apUSM frnm thi. .„,,., ,rill ,
l..,l,M, „t„, ,„ n„y^MU.,»ceo/ ul,,t cohMU^.. ,*U»e. »
The reptwition of poUce appointing pow.-r
his ability to p.,!it„al!y abuse this (icwer. that the legislature Interfered. Tlie original pelice orthe city, under
early charters, was controlled by a high SSMtaMs,
not elected as were the minor city officers, but deriving
appointment trom the crown. Tbe city of Xew York
has thu* tried police-of three kinds: oue with its head
appointed by tho central (tower; another whoso chief was
chosen by the elected authorities; a IhSr I, whose government came directly through the ballot box. Her citi
zens have be-on cutircly dissatisfied with each. At the
best, we are- to chouse lbe least <>• evils.
III. I am compelled by convictiou to argue, that a
fiiove any confdsion and liad reputation which might
cling lo the worn out conditions snd chronic .-ores in
|iast departments : tbey are, moreover, oelapted bl
I»n.k«i. and have proved satisfactory to tbo mouthers
and the pubic m tbat city f
Twelve hundred patrolmen ore provided, and in sd-
diliou (a new feature, see note, and advised by Mayor
Woo.! in Message : Biography, p. £09), an unlimited
nuuib.ir of special pohcnit u, dressed and disciolined,
and accountable like the regtdars, but at private expense. In a short lime, al the demand of railroads,
singes, theatre-, banks, shipping men-bant--, -teom-
numbers those of
ent or private
The act remodels tbe terms oT existing cfllecrs : bnt
this will give tlie Couimie-ionors opportunity to " thin"
the dcpirtme-nt of impro*K*r jiersons, If any such oxi-st,
and by no means involves the neoos=!tv or chaotic rc-
muval. The officers recently '■ r, tiivd." or '-furloiigh-
ed" from tho naval scrvioe, could not be removed for
cause, because there arc some .sluggi-b or supine minds
which are neither actively g,»nt nor iiasslvelv evil in
thoir worldly lnflue*nce. So in the Pofico Department,
many i:o utnjt t nt meu, although hoccstand correct in
de)K>rtme:it. might penssibly be found. Il is presumed
lliat no commission, appoint*?.! ou pur|Kise to rid the de-
and to be apis into.I by the Governor and Se*nate>—will
provo the most beneficial and tbe least j ■ Sinco! iu hs
inll'ioiicos. Tho two latter provisietns are in tbe pro-
p»se*tl bill. Tlie former could neit, ofcourse. be inserted
in the act, but must rest ln Uie wisdom and discretion
of llio rlxcciiuvc and his consulting body. Even if in-
MTMMMt, it would bo moroly directory, and lhe
people must still rely uiwn the same dignifl-i di-cre
Thc flrst obj.H tion made *to this proposition is -t.s as
sumption, by t'ooSlato. eif ]«>wor in government which
belongs to local authorities.
Police, aciordiiig to Blockstone, is defined to bc "the
interna! government e>f a kingdom or Slate." The
legislature, wliich is the ropresentative of tho wholo
police* power of tbo State*, under constitutional grants,
selects its deiwtfilories vt tbat powor. That selection
must vary under circumstances. The minor vilUge* of
a.sparsely settled district, or tho smalie.-t city ol the
interior, may be very woll allowed its local government uncontrolled, even t huiiid it se-c fit to ulte-rly
neglect the advantages, and abuse tho |x>wer conferred ; for these may be of no concern, except to their
own Immediate citizens.
Government, withm a subdivision oftho State, dovol-
o;«s iu magnitude nnd importance according lo its siz?.
to its weoSih, to its popilalion, to its intercourse with
othor subdivisions. Tbus, the harbor-masters of a
great |mrt, the wardens, tlie principal officer of its
health, the almoners of its charities, the guardian of
its cmigrauts, may most improperly be ap)>ointe<l by
local authorities, and best selected by the centra! power;
br although thoir sjihero of action is local, and thoir
subordinates bold local habitation, their ,! .ti--.- affect the
police, ortho commerce, or thu health and well being of
tlio whole State.
Tho Police ] lepartment ol Mew York rity, as al present
organized, is an inuuvution uiiem democracy, iu tliat it
contains witbin it a standing army almost subject to
tttfttt control. Grant that this latter is cxi>edie*ct.
most yoa uot avoid Cue absurdity of mingling the democratic and aris-tetcratic element* so freely as to neutralize
each other lu o;.--rai ....-
New York cily Is one of tlie main gates of the State.
noti side. Nearly the whole width of lho rlvtr had to I Witbin it tlio citizen cf every town, hamlet and fflkfa,
Polico Board of three Oimmisrloners—one to be chosen j pirtment of politico-despotic irifliien.'es would dareTto
from each of the* present party organizations of tlie city, ' outrage public decency by indl criminate removal,
and who shall vacate office the moment ho becomes n Tlie pKjjioseil Act give.- lo the- Department a long-
candidate Cor ollico, wilh his implied or express consent, j levied clerical fono, and Ihus authorizes a sube'.ii L-k n
be crossed up-n u ile- iting mass tt ice. Tlieir situation
was uwie moro piacaiioiis by tbo fact that the Urge
field of ico tbey were upon, yielding less readily tlian
the broken fragments to tho impetus of tho stream, was
attacked as it wero by tho latter, and every" moment
|,ortions of it woro brokeu oil. Some if the* men wbo
bad bceu near lhe skiff, loft it and its tenants to thoir
fate. This brought elown ui»n them indignant cries
from tho spectators, lhe party rushed rapidly on and
reached the shore, amid the- loud and c< iitinued dithering of the multitude. Tbo lady showed uo sign of b-ar
in Ibis trying situation. She kept her seal without a
scream or an exclamation, and, whon landed, walked
up the lauding at steadily as if she had just stepped
from the ferry boat. She was a married U.ly. residing
at Covington. Wc do-ircd to mentiau her nanu, bin
t sho requested us nol to do so. Tlio meu who rescued
( hor wore Jobn Waddlo—lo whoso coolucss her safely
was chiefly owing—Josoph Sbipklc aud Nicholas
A Panther Fight in Kansas.—A few evenings ,-iiice, as Win. Pate, well known in tbeso parts as a
kiekai-a*. Ranger, was meandering tbe crooked trail
from this town lo Port William, ho was halted by a rc-
s]iei-tat'lo looking footpael, in the shape of a full-grown
male panther, and roepieatcd to *'s-tand and deliver."
enters wilh his merchandise, his .-iijiei Unities of wealth,
or bis sacre-d person and life. Millions of denizens
from other nates, or fore-lgn lands, also seek itsjtortals
year by year. Its cloanliuess, its order, its health and
its security for propotty or life, are matters ol vital importance to tho whole* State. Selfishness cannot sustain its logic wbon in the* groat metropolis of the Empire State it says to the Buna!,) forwarder, or to tbe
Rochester miller, or to the Oneida tanner, "your prop,
eity wbon in New York city concerns none MM the-
le-cal authorities, who will protect it as Ibey please. "
Nor when il argues to tlie unsophisticated country gentlemon, or to its citizen, relative of an arriving emigrant, or to the pirsiii of wealth visiting it to embark
into many Bureaux, fir rei-ord nud refeie-nce. It is not
too much to say that every Station House should have
its permanent Clerk. The* Act providra a needed scalo
of promotion ; a pUn of pension ; it allows resideice
r.nywhere In the city ; it limits the cruelty of suspension from roy ; it provides fcr dutv in river and harbor.
It it be asked why Ibe Commissioners arc to fix tbe
salaries of clerks, nnd doormen.and Assistant Surgeons,
tii? answer was made be-fore your Committee that per-
advonture lhe Common Cocncil <f Ne-w York might
cripple the Department of Polico by voUn&mcagrc allowance of pay. or by totall) neglecting iu A disclaimer
was emphatically nude by an Honorable Aldorman at
the same time ; of thi*se ihings yon can best judge.
Tue 1 it oai tm. 11 of Health i*s maintained under Ihe
Act. with tbe same cUss of ofiicers, |*»wers aud duties
exiting under thc city government. And a relura
ts at:'.-iiipt.sl to the be-t plan of street cleaning wbicb
New York city ever bad, and by Ihe addition of a useful punishment, the evil of the original system whkh
inst tiled the change lo n system of cenlralizatKn and
contract Is remedied. Il'*« ooti l€'.er le madr rexrrmti-
Ue for the ctmditvm rf th.- eity in resjm-t to eie.tiili.ie/ts,
thon a d-]iartment whoM siiboiiliiuites are ctoutantly yfl-
trotlinc and iii.'liee,ing it ?
Tlie- plotted Aci contemp'iote.s election elay as tlie
eleH-tor's Sabbath, prohibiting tbe sale of li.pi,,,-. and
making the person of the voter doubly sacred, at once
preventing and severely puui-hing the concomitant row-
ilykm ol the porioel. It proscribes the necessary number of MtosMM for each pull, it gives to that Department wbicli Is responsible for tiie peace*ful -Lit.- of Ihe
|ki!1s, the* right of selecting their place ; and by limiting
the propinquity ot ticket booths (the rallying point of
enthusiasm or passion) to the former, secures Ibe attendant elector imuooiity from the rush and crush so
dangerous in the motro|<e>lis. Tlio Act may well aflord
to leise the control over iusinvleirs unelt-r the provisions of tiio .-vnate Bill enae-tiug |ii-tr:-l Canvassers,
who. nnwe-aried by day toils and anxieties, estimate
box by box, and complete sU-p by ^p the certificates
of lhe elective francbi-e, and seal tbem beyond fraud or
Tlie imwcr of appointing Ories of Polico, an 1 oT assigning Ju.-ticcs to locality of duty. a|»pears to be wisely
given tu the I'cpartme-nt of Police; and tlie divorce of
tne ll.-corder and City Judge rrom the supervision of
Petty t-ossious. that tbey may. uudtstracti'd by little
crimes, give unuividod attention to tlie more important
felonies in tbe General Sessions of New York (which,
by ;.■■*. of ISiiS, has MMiJartMMMi with tiie Oyer uid
Terminer), is a measnro long petitionee! Tor by all Ihe
old Judges of the Court, desired by tlie present members and officers, and to bo supported by every consideration of regularity aud dispatch. Two Police Magistrates—each lo check the* idiosyncracies of tho other—
may daily sit in juelgmcnt over thc ten thousand arrests
i'or "minor oil'ciices wliich tlie statistics of each vear men- .
lor Europe, "Messieurs, you may walk into Peter Punk tion. Time will thus bc saved both to prisouer aud po-
sln ps. be robbed by midnight marauders, be preyed j Ikemen, more method secured, and judges of a higher
ujion by de-igning sharks, and be dealt with as they ' grade, who bave grave ro„spi,nsibilitios eUily accumu-
may pleaso to treat you, but thoir government is our \ iating ujuin their hands, will be sjiared many a frivo-
so!e local concern.'* The peculiar circumstances which | Iocs contention and unnecessary Ubor. Nor can llie
cluster around the geographical situation of New York I propriety of this be much qitestioueel, oven by the most
city, and its n lafiou thereby to thc whole Stale, and i
tlio connectlou of its society and wealth with the into-
rmr of the Stale, renter fallacious the argument which
local pride would Ihus make. Suppose tliat the local .
authorities of the city choo-o to let their gutters reek
with filth, to allow a p!un- -:it:g of the warehouses of ]
goods in transitu by marauding bands of political allies
Sir. Pate objected to thc surly manner in which the de- j lo i>ermit Broadway at Light to rival Hounslow Ht-atii.
mond was ma I-*, and iuformed his tiger-like majesty ; cannot thc sovereign power of the State interfere and
that Lis iropcrty, all told, consuted of an empty bottle j take bock frcm lbo lexral agents the delegated power
sm! a bowie-knife, botb ol' which ba stood in need of, j wbicb it gave, and bestow it upon otbets; a«<I under
and. as he wo; in a hurry, ho would be obliged to tbo itt.-h circimJaswes ov ght it not so to do*
gontleman to retire As that was not what Mr. Paiilher
desired, and ns he show-d hii teeth, and gradually insinuated himself towards Jlr. Palo. Mr. Pat" waxed
wrotby, and !• I Mr. Panther have the Ijottle over his
' pale, wilh ail the nervous energy of a .strong arm. That
. act being considered by Mr. Panther as a decUration ol
i ik.it. bo close-.! in ou our gallant Poto, wbo being some
| himseir, and nothing loih for an engagement, now that
| his blood was up, seized bis belligorant opponent by lhe
-ealp lock With the It-It ban I, while ho applied tho -I,in-
i ing stool with llio right to the slock vest of bis antagonist, lu a few mouisnts Panther had as beautiful a
' ".-lo-hcd jiiki-l" as one would wish to sec, while l"ate,
still in the a-ce'ttdancy, stooel by minus ei<at, breocbesi,
hat. some hide, part of an ear, aud considerable hair—
! actually noihiitg h-ft but boots und bowic knife. But
j our Iriend was victor, and, nothing daunted, he shoul-
, derc'l his enemy, and carried bim homo, wliero ho was
! measured by several neighbors, ono of whom has fur-
ii-lied us with the measurement of the animal from tip
to tip, whicii wis seven feet three inches.—SSUtt(ftt
Ax Ohd Fellows' Hall Ti'iiileii Down.—
I^rs oi Ijh:.—llie new odd Mm1 Hall at liabuipio.
I'-wa. fell in on Satiirtiay wool:, iu conspepieuc* of the
aoeuiniilaliou ul ie and snow MM lhe up of it. S. S.
Fuss am! wife, who were iu the building, woro instantly
; killed. laaNMyMK
An Honored Citizen of Maine.—Hou. Albion K. Parris died suddenly at Portland, Maine, on
Wednesday U-t, aged about seventy one years. He has
been (MM States Senator, Judge of the Supreme
Court, was live times elected Governor of Maine, and
tilled other offices of honor and trust.
Views v.pon a fro post-il Improvement of '
tbe New Votk. Police.
The nouse Committee ou Cities and Villages, to which j
was referred tin) proposed Xew York Police Act, hav- (
ing kindly granted permission to present in detail cor- i
tain views upon tlie policy and propriety of its leading ;
featiros, tl.e -ame arc now submitted to the indulgence
of it- members.
1. Hint lhe present polico system requires a change,
is nn n.-w doctrine, nor urged by any particular party, j
lu tho first message of Hon. Fernando Wood, Miyor of j
Ibis city (quoted from MacLeod's biography M that
bOesr, published by O. F. Parsons, 140 Nassau street, i
tttt, 1'igo -'>•*,) will be found this language:
•' It was thought tluit making the police hold ollico during ]
goo.1 heliat ior, would remove it entirely from poli'ieal in- j
liu,mat-s: l.i't ,rhil..f ths PSMT to SMMW4 SSMasd tout „■ j
M„re, i* }*ilili',ituH:l flfslire.H will is expecting too much
of human nature to sonposo tliat political fesssMMS can be i
excluded itliogi-ilier. the whole Polico Board MH elected '
at the lale SMCtion; two of thejHle Hoard (the Heeonler [
and Cliy Judgei being candidate,* for re-eleclion, and po- ;
lic-in.-ii uoiilil have been more or 1MB than men if tliey :
ceiiild have remained llldlflereiit appointors ofthe' result. I j
am confident the .lu.licinry is not the propor authority for j
determining police mailers: nor are its numbers |Mhi I
either by habits of life or train of reileciiejn, to in ,',,- good
Commissioners. The it-,../. ami the yrris. irWd *|,A lr
\..„ni,.l l.y a Hi.trttti..,.. Mv colleagues on lhe present
Pedice B<jard, I'llllv
- lu th.
Il is sufficient to add, after perusal of these sentiments
so frankly and forcibly put by the Head of thc present
system, tliat they are shared by all observing citizens.
••The Bench and the serriee would enrh bebenefitflbythe
Kg S^y^S^gSWW! t ■:;
l\i\><\* tbe general piano! tue proiKtseu act.
In au official communication required from tbe DUtrict
To bi rrow the rhett-Tic of Mr. Wooti, in the last extract, *-II wiil not do to assume tbat tlie members of
tlie Legislature are i£Uonuit'' of the growing insecurity
of projterty an-1 i»er-on in tbe ciiy, by -dtcdling ujton"
details which the pre-3 have made household words
from Aindy Hook \:> Suspen.-ir.u Hridge—an insecurity
whi-i-b relates (accordiug to official statistic--) as much
to tbe strangers in our mctrojiolis as to IV* citizens.
Kully oue-balf Wl the criminal PMM brougbt bofore
<Manil Juries, concern nou-resident compLtinanLs defrauded by baffcage-.'ma^her.^ passeBger agenU, mock
MHttOMtn, disreputible house.^^ dock thieves, hotel
burgbrs and midnight marauders. And in the opposition remoustrance of March 1S55, occurs this language
in speaking of the member* of LcgL-lature. "tbeir con-
-tituents en tliHr visits to our city, on business or pleasure, peculiarly requue tbe protection of a vigikuit and
It U tiiuntingly ^aid tliat no member of the legislature froi.i New Ynrk city de*ires tliesc reforms:
granted that this may prove sMMheiucstic-n i* peitiuent
whether justice tti ibeir own conotituency does not require that the country members should assist tbcm to a
IV, But lhe proposed api»oi!-tmeht of Tommi-sinncr--
by Swww ;uid Senate i« ni i to be unconstitutional.
I do not attempt to argue s-uch a matter to a Committee, or a Legii-lalure containing legal wisdom highly
comjietent to MMlfl ?tich an objection. It has. however,
always seemed to me (and Hie matter was discussed
when tbe Cr-t fVj;ird of Alms House Governor* was ap-
polnted). that the Con^tiHition (Art. 10, Sec. '2) provides lor two ch.-scs of o'dlccrs beyond those c-pecially
sjMtkcn of in other parts ofthe instrument: 1st.
Mi in existence trhrn the Constitution was adopted.
2d. Tliose whose oftiLV might thereafter be created hy
Uw. The framers of tbe Constitution knew wbat UUccs
then existed, and they eould provide accordingly; and
with safety say how far their powers could be oxer
•i-cl, anil iu what manner. After tbe words "all
county <>fScers," and "all city, town, and village ofiicers;" conies tho phrase of governance and |MMet
tions. " whose electi'in or ap|>ointtnent is not provided
ff»r by thU Cm-titulion.,; The Con-titutiou of EM
would nol limit ofiicers thereafter to bc creatol in their
mode of ap|K>intment. for the future alone could dis-
closo the necdtsity. tne misrhief and tbe remedy involved. It therefore said broadly "All officers whose
oflice may hereafter be created by law, shall be elected
by the i>eople or ap|minted, (not in the same manner
as aforesaid, but) as the I^cislature mny direct. Tliis
same division of exiting olllccrs, and olllcers to be created, is preserved in See. 1», of Art C, "all judkitl
officers of cities and villages (t. e. now existing), and
all sueh judicial officers as may be created therein by
|MT. shall be elected at such times and in <uch manner
as the Legislature may direct" It is no souud objection lo argue that thii a instruction opposes the spirit of
tne former sentences of the section; the "letter" is
plain and must control.
V. It may not be out of place here to add, as an
illustration how the expediency of taking local authority from a people strikes a shrewd andobservin^oflicor,
tb refer the Committee to the testimony of the Hon. F.
Wood before the committee of Police Iuqmry (sec Senate Documents of 1&56. Vol. — Page ), wherein
the Committee will perceive that the Mayor advise au
ap| >ointment by Governor and Senate of thc Police Justices. But Uii i is clearly unconstitutional, as will appear by reference to the section absolute in tenn^
(above quoted), regarding judicial officers.
In justice to the Mayor it must be remarked, that
Attorney of New York county, by a legislative com
mittce of which the Hon. II. Daker was a leading mem- ■
ber, and dated more tlian a yenr since, and which ac ]
companies these pases, will be found under an appro- ;
priale subdivision, inauy suggestions on the same sub- .
A meeting in March, 1S55, called to oppose a change |
in police government by the election of Commissioners, i
comprised among its Vice-lYfeidents a large number of j
our beat citizens. (Sec Biography of Hon. F. Wood. )
page 2I».) Nearly all of these have changed tlieir ideas \
on the subject; and I may be permitted to name George ]
W. Blunt, Wilson G. Hunt, Cyrus Curtis, William K. |
Strong, Wm. M. Evarts, Chas. W. Sanford, James W. ]
Gerard, Johu Delamater, Zophar Mills, Peter Cooper, i
William Kent and Shepherd Knapp. Three of the
gentlemen who addressed the meeting, openly favor the
appointment of Police Commissioners.
Tbe papers of thc city who discussed tbe matter with
calmness and dignity, have repeatedly asked for a i
change And in none uf them is it better put than in
lice Board, he contended for the connection or his offlce
with thc Department " But. admitting the elective
| principle without objection, the withdrawal of power
! from the Mayor contemplated by the bill cannot bc de-
With all due deference, this separation can and ought
! to be defended legally and logically under proposed
! charters. Yonr Committee is relieved, fortunately,
I from the embarra^men of determining whetber a new
! charter Is needed lor New York by the concession
thereof from its civic authorities. Howsoever the
Morm of politics rages in Its Common Council, every
member is unanimous for a new charter, the cou flirt
being as to details. This unanimity attaches to a restoration to the Mayor of his control and supervision of all
the functions of city government In the " Aldermanic
proposalo f charter " this restoration is sweeping and
almost despotic iu effect Witb tbe new duties imposed
by tliis restoration, the Mayor, as civic head, can jms-
rcs3 no time for police duties. His engagements in
pupervi-ing each department; in countersigning war-
rants and a->certuiiiag their propriety; in considering
reports and onlinance- from the Common Council; as a
alarmed conservative, when it is remembered that an
appeal.always lies from the Petty (or Social) to the
General Sessions after MpMl ; aud no offender need
be tried at tiie bar of the former, if be elects to be first
Ik.ikI before Grand Jury and higher tribunal.
By the provision,
"ilut ih«» Common Council, hy or'linan*'^', may irapo««
sue; Julie* iiium Policemen an it may see fit. subject to th*
eontri.I and fflaetpItoB «>f ibe Board <if Polies, however. In
perloramig the aum*-,"
unbouaded dictation i- given to the Civic I>-rri~I ttnre in
regard to all mutters of |>o]ice tilling wiihiu the observation otyhe city authorities.
Tlie ;>roi»oscd Act, in short, is the CoxsTrrn-nox of tbe
Police Department; the NgubtiHM whieh the Oimmis-
sioners may frame from time to time will become its
Statutes, "ill.* -c will provitc the qualifications Tor each
arm of the force, the duties of each, the mode of trial,
the degree of puui-dmuiit. and tbe .~i:b tiivUions of the
eity ; the ditailmcut into julrol, reserve and detective ;
ns, also, the arrangement of clerkly bureaux, theopera-
tions of the Health i vpai .:iu.iu. and the Supervision of
thc Street j to such a degree, tL«t every unfaithful officer is at once accountable.
VII. Many experienced citizens of Nl*w York city believe tbat the general theorj- of Um i*ropo=cd Act l? capable oi practical accomplishment Tliey believe llud,
uuder its auspices, the time will -pivdily come when,
wilh regular and special pofiaBOMa, the great metropolis wi'l M well g'i:irvled by \'igilajt men, who, uuawod
by the jH/atical whip, not ecemted by favoi iii~m, diligently Mpoded, cirtfil-y instructed, urged by honorable emuiaiiin, rewarded bjrpranwtfaB, pensioned in
sicknesfi. and insured atMcath, will constitnte a Dep;irt-
mcut as perfect in operation us tlio pect Harilies of human nati.re. or as '-tn-.Ta! in-;uiity," will permit; wben
a pwtf H iny may in-tat.iiy be MMd to txunhat not or
control pestilence ;whcu cleanly streets will be attained
atcv*mjiaratively slight 0M. IM wabout regaid to tbe
whims or |ierj'iries of a in jiigent c< n tract or, or the dishonesty of a sworn official, defying alike the law and bis
civic associates ; when the ]>er.-on of the elector will be
kept sacred ; when polls imm-.' be guarded, and when
fraud will not lurlc under tie ballot-box ; when the in-
habitu.v of a great city, *nd the travelers of a great
SUde. Iikiv le.-l that life and properly are cot to be
solely guarded under the instincts of tbe law of nature."
Tbe rural districts of the State contribute largely to
the wealth and magnificence o( its metropolis. May not
thep&jle ff the latter h*)* IfrU the m<aiied rural Member* of'tltt Ltf&flaSure tnll at leatt interfere fnr thepro-
tectitm of their ttm conMtivenaf. ly the improvement of
the Prim in the, Ciry wf Xew Vork.
A. OAKEY HALL.
Xkw Yosk, Feb. 2d, 1857.
* Someof Ml Damn or ttit. T*nr.Hr.xT Ststem Estr-
mrratep.—There are 22 district* of unequal itoe; ili«
l>t, £il, 3*1. iiii'l M -ire atxtut tMMl in »!»'' an-1 In tKipula-
:i<m I»> lbe 'J-i'b. v. Ijilf Ihe |M>liee force ill each district i;**
ktoM equal. The |ioIicenieii are kepi Neduoiisly w t.liiu
Ibeir own di«urleis. i-xcept on ex r.iordniary occasions; aud
they are obliged io live tn ihe Wonls where ihejT act, and
nre i-uns*equeinly at home wi'h impaired iiM-iuIn—-s uuder
the imixim, " faiuilinrly liege's contempt." Tiu* appoint-
men-s nrt oldiaed io he made irom lhe \Var>l in w hich they
live; and, as I heard a leading poltth-Un once say. defend-
\w* eiTiriiu iippoUlTUientH il) the — Ward, "Suppu-e they
are rusratyi; the law obliges Rpiiointmen'? from that Wsr*t
aiul "ln-re is now-a-day-4 j*4.-.ii*t-*t-ly an honest man lefl in it !'*
The Captafutt are Muny* at home, aint never tnm«f-prred.
The policemen nre not ki pt «| acti.e pairol, hut are |»er-
miited t'» lounge itnd loiter. Tin* day forre <m duty ht excessively unneces^ry and dii-proportiuied to ihe niihi
watch. The lldef of Police, fi. m lack t»f cleiklv dwy, ie
rompeileU nearly all die tune to remain at hi<<n|lire.
Tin re tan ally »" Head of J*olice, Iml each <>;■ -in is a
heal in hU own dis'riet; mil discipline varies, in different
Wards, according to the (Japiaiu*' ati«uiiou. »•.- sjcill and
tart. Poliremeu, hy const ant ly aciing in a Iimi'. t «pb«*re,
have 'ht-ir hautiis I There i- i>u iiksi-m;- ».])iri' of fwvar-
ti -i-iii *-vith-need hy -t'aplatu ** X," wcarinu no uniform
nt any iim«*, and Capiain " Z." a. .r.*.\ • compelled to. Tbe
Police l>epar»ment, for aceommodaifons, are at lhe mercy
of the Common Council, who have for MH imprisoned
the ehfcf officers in a cellar of the Citv flail, and ct*ainp*'d
them inio dark conierit. A n i m-i-va'iti -j. Kyxtcin of rewarita
Im* been practiced. 1'ln-re i*- no iiicentive lo promotion;
but. on the ontrary, Captains are token from the citizens,
and placed over lieutenants and S recants of ten vears*
experience, depressing the energies of tl»e men. Police
candidate!* are at ihe mercy of Um* i-nriz,* on-, wbo may reject a man **r not, tin ihey see lil. Tlie regulation* are
mainly dead letter, and are ofieu*con<empiibly evaded.
InHtanee: a man ts called np for <|ualllirAiion tn reading,
and a large newspaper given him to read \\Atit1tt In
emiscqnenee ofthe miilUfarlouK enffacementa of Mayor,
Kt-eorder, and t'ity dud„re, the triahi arc uimeceMarily
IMifttponed and prolonpucd, and men kept in crn*! sus-
ptoise. i>et.'iilm.*ni <>f Police on itiver. Ilarhor and Qiiar-
untine. Is now very doubtful in poivi r. There is an irre-
Fpouaflde clashing <if iutereitia hy Uie indepctnieni police
and private watch, often h-ading 'to fi>itlish jealou*ty from
the regular police. Kxeeptin^ tlritl, iliere is so svsr*E»*Tio
attntvenot or NucnnnnBi hbm There»r«
no reei«rdsof merit kept; nnd out of theae desultory enn-
meiaions spriu" an loindit il otiiera, which the mind only
generally acquainted with New York city can MiggeaL
ll.e New York Express (a liighly consorrathe press) of I member ofthe Sinking Fond Commluion; as an ex-
tZt*W*mZlt75£m 27, ofthe present j-eiir: !<
For a Folic? Commission, in thr r.r,il„tioi^,,y r*mtliti.,ii
in .rlii-l, ire nse, a.i.1 r's.uu the. I'tter drif.-a.liri.,,, ,,/ th. irh.tlr
yott.. ,y*siH. llierc liiav be s,,iii,- sort of PiCiise for legist-
live liiterpimittmi—sucu a. France aad KnBinn,l hwra 11. m
in the en-M- of Xenfc-bMli-l—it., ./real puUis mt/Hy deufiiuti.y ,
it. perlia;is—Inn the police svslem U oae iliint*. and the
rielil io build a Otf Mali, and thc right to build a Central
l'.irk, aliogeiher olher ililug-*.''
And the concession Is important in respect not only to
dozen of cliaritalilc institutions, and of the Board of
Health and Suiiervisors. with a score or collateral ap-
1-oiutmentH wliich readily euggost themselves, will entirely (Jccupy his time. Bw*WI now no power over tlie
l>i*partment-i of Oty Oovernmeut, his duties, although
slill onerous, are nothing ai comidicateil as they will become under either of tho proposed charter?. Moreover, with the extensive patronage which a treble hold
upon civic puree, civic administration, and police sword
the distinction expressly made, but to the argument of j would bestow, no Mayor (I speak irrespective of i*ai ly
expediency presently to be considered.
It would" scorn there could be applied lo onr civic con-
c'ition the very preamble which introduces Ihc celebrated British Act (10 Geo. IV., chap. O; & Burns' Justice, Vcrbo Police of Metropolis, ed. of 1S45, page 863,)
entitled "An act for improving the Polico in and near
"Whereas offenees against property have of Ute Increased 111 anil near the Mt-rropnlis: and the local esiablish-
| menis of nighlly watch and nightly police, have been found
i inadequate 10 the dejection and prevention of crime, by
1 reason ofthe frequent unfitness ollhe Individuals employ-
i ed. the Insufficiency- of their number, the limited sphere of
their aiithoriiv, t,ii\ their want of counexiou and co-operation with each other: and whereas It In expedient to substitute a new and more efficient system nf police In lieu of
such establishments of nighlly watch and nightly police,
wilhin the limits hereinafter mentioned, and to consi'
an office of police, which, acting under the imme,
au'hnrity of one of liU majesty's principal secretaries
State, sliall direct and control the whole of such new system of police within ihose limits."
Leading citizens arc constantly assured by members
of Ibe Police Department, (who speak to them couH
dentially.but whilst nnder espionage and favoritism,and
influenced by false pretences tbat a change would necessarily Involve their removal indiscriminately from office,
dare not breathe aloud tbeir complaints.) Ibat tbe »ys-
or person) mu,ht to have such a consolidation. And in
a long and abla argument addressed by the present
Mayor to tha Board of Aldermen, denj ing their right or
I t " Tlie police force of the I^.n.lon Metropolitan Police
; DisU-ic:, comprising tlie whole ol'-lhe eoui.lv *.i Middlesex,
I and the parishes in the counties of Surrey.lfcrlford, Kssex,
and Keni. of whirli any part is within twelve miles of
Charing Cross, and tli.Sse ai-,, ,.' which any pari Is not
1 more tlian fifteen miles In a straight line trom Charing
j Cross, except lh,- ei.y ofl^mdon, and the l-.i..-rties lliereof,
', consists of th- Commissioners, 1 Inspecting Superintendent, IS Superintendents, 122 Insjioclors. 5H6 Sergeants.
| and 4.789 Constables. The number of Constables varies
| occasionally : the numbers o. each rank are fixed by the
| Secre'arv of State.
" The JHiliee force Is divided Into Companies, one eom-
pauv being slloitcd to e»el, local division : 6 Reserve Companies, consisting each of an Inspector, SSerseants, and
I 1<I Constables, wc also established lor reserve aud special
i dutv. . .
"'Each Compane is form. •! ss follows • Superintendent ;
: Inspcciors : Serjeant* ; Police Constables. ■ t
"The Company is under the command of the superintendent. _ , , _
" It Is divide! Into Parties, each consisting of a
' Sergeant and Constables.
Kneli Sergeant and Constable has marked npon the eol-
expediency to interest themselves in Po'icc matters, t ]»r „r i,js coat the letter of ills division, and a number, so
substantially the same views were presented.*—BIo- j
graphy, p. 238.
VI. Assuming then, that lbe necessity of Improved
police is conceded, and there is established tbe expedi-
enev as well as thc con'titutianality of three Comtuis-
sioners aiipointcd as contended for. then the prominent I
features of the prop ised aet remain to be considered, i
It will be at ouce perceived by the Committeo, tbat
thc general aim of the act Is lo collect under one head
every matter appertaining to police. The lalter, in ils |
moiern sense, comprises every thing belonging to gov
that lie can at all times be known to the public.
•' The first numbers in each Company denote Ihe
•• The Company attached tothe Whlleliall revision i.s also
applicable 10 general purposes ; thc detecUve Force forms
a branch of it.
" The Company for the duly on the Thames consists ofa
Superintendent, 'inspectors, and Constables; these aro
divided into boats' crews, an Inspector being in
charge of each boat.
" Local CossT.iat.ra.—There are also Constables appointed bv the Commissioners for particular duties, in Tart-
ous parts of the Dislrict, ai the desire of panies by when
2 i eminent over life, limb, propel ty, aud orer couTentenc* I theyarepaid.
■dteS S or security In public. Hitherto, the polic, of health , 2"SS£5*SW25
les of ' bas belonged to one jurisdiction ; the P»1k» of personal , ^^^ rf^drTidJ™ ''
,m. i _;_.... ..a UK.M..I ,.,-,. ,wrn- to another : and Ibe nn- r ...... .. i.t^a r...
Pupertntendent, nnd a el
plied wiih horsek (or (
rights and personal property to another ; and lbe po- , ™„ v*ss.—Vans are provided for the conveyance of prl-
llce of streets to a third ; each independent of tbe other, .oners from the Police Courts to the several jails. A ser-
Our policemen who fonnd a dead horse In the street, ' geant and Constable are appointed uieack for the safc cua-
b*d no power beyond reporting lo a department will, todj^^vr^w^.^tr^nf^r^. T,irMam, s^-.
wbich they were not connected, fftlioy found U.c , -JB^SSRShSSK by whom Jie«k«
streets obstructed, they oould BUU report to another do-1 BSCtS^tSSm anpnlled."-«owrYil IlyrtxioM,
partment If tlie gutters reeked wilh Olth, or avalac-1 -t_ ^^ IfiiymoUtu, Potic Torn. Loodoa: WT ClowH
cbes of snow, or lorrcnU of water rendered Ihe arennes j 4 So> »-pp.«-«.