- [First] Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders.
In this report issued from the Committee of the Society, the group shares their grievances with the prison conditions and the increasing rate of juvenile delinquency. The committee offers strong suggestions for prison and societal reform with optimism that their suggestions will bring the needed change.
- [External Resource] An Essay on Crimes and Punishments
This text was originally published in Italian as Dei delitti e delle pene. It presents detailed explanations of the rights and laws relating to punishment along with the degrees and classifications of crimes. Also discussed are evidence and proof of crimes and the types of punishments given.
- [Second] Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders.
In the preface, this report includes notes from a general meeting of the Subscribers and Friends to the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders that was held in May 1820. This book is in response to the first report given two years prior on the reception of the ideas offered and the continued rates of crime among children and youth.
- The Third Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders
This report, the third of a series, also includes meeting notes, and focuses more attention on the necessary reform of prison discipline. Included is a large appendix documenting general information about a number of specific prisons in England, along with documentation of correspondence with other countries and some other miscellaneous information.
- Use of the dead to the living: An appeal to the public and to the legislature, on the necessity of affording dead bodies to the schools of anatomy, by legislative enactment
Mackenzie reflects upon the need to study anatomy in order to understand diseases and enhance the study of medicine. The author states that it is necessary for doctors and surgeons to be able to study human organs in order to have a full understanding of anatomy, diseases that pervade the body, and how to operate properly. Based on this medical discussion, the author goes on to discuss the historical background of human dissection, the laws and punishments that were associated with it, and how laws against exhumation led to secretive exhumations for medical purposes.
- The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 1-2]
Wall describes the life of criminals, particularly thieves, drawing upon his experience at Newgate prison. He focuses on the character of criminals, both adult and juvenile, the sentences they've received, and their views of punishment. In Part 2, Wall discusses London's Old Bailey court and the areas in need of improvement. Specifically, he mentions the effect judicial influence has on sentences. He also focuses on hurried trials and the need for a court of appeals.
- The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 3-5]
A continuation of Wall's article about the lives of criminals from Newgate prison and the situation of the Old Bailey court. Part 3 focuses on the need for an appeals court. Part 4 details pardon powers. In the last section, Wall details different types of criminals, such as housebreaker, pickpockets, etc. and describes their traits.
- The philosophy of murder
Paget states that the old styles of theft and murder are no longer occurring, but rather, poisoning is on the rise (especially among the poor). Specific reasons are provided for why this is the case. Furthermore, he states that this crime often goes unpunished because it is quite often difficult to prove (provides statistics of this crime) and Paget goes on to advocate for harsh sentences for the crime of poisoning, stating that capital punishment should be retained.
- The science of garotting and housebreaking
Holland describes the crime of garroting and robbery in London during the 19th century. He discusses the tactics, tools, methods, and types of items thieves normally sought.
- Criminal women
The nature of women criminals in London- the why and how of what they do- are discussed. Owen compares the differences between men and women criminals, and goes on to describe why women become criminals, as well as the types of criminals they become. She names a lack of education and a young woman's upbringing as leading causes of a life of crime for women.
- The decay of murder
Stephen discusses how the act of murder has lost its sensationalism due to the uniformity of society. He focuses on the lack of originality in society and how this has changed the nature of murder and people's reaction to it. He ends the article signed "The Cynic."
- [External Resource] The Nether Side of New York; or, the Vice, Crime and Poverty of the Great Metropolis
This work chronicles the crime in New York, from 1868 to 1871. Crapsey, a journalist for the newspaper The Galaxy, seeks to provide the public with his observations and conclusions about the Nether side of New York.
- The punishment of infanticide
Fyffe argues that the proper punishment for the crime of infanticide ought to be imprisonment, not death, since no jury would convict a woman to death. Particular cases of infanticide are discussed, as well as others' viewpoints on the proper punishment for such a crime. Fyffe states that the punishment ought to be rendered to do two things: it should be rendered according to the guilt of the offender, and it should work as a deterrent for others.
- A sketch of the criminal law
Stephen provides an examination of English criminal law. He focuses on the different types of criminal courts, their procedures, and also focuses on particular types of crimes, namely murder and theft. This is a historical look at particular aspects of English criminal law.
- The dock life of East London
Potter describes the docks in East London and their operations. The types of men who work the docks are examined, typically those from the lower class of society.
- [External Resource] Crime and the Victorians
Professor Clive Emsley's article discusses the statistics, sensational crimes, criminal classes, penal policies and detective policing related to crime in Victorian Britain. The website provides additional information on people and events as well as links to related articles.
- [External Resource] The Victorian Dictionary
This website presents a searchable index of Lee Jackson's favorite selections from his work The Victorian Dictionary. The Victorian Dictionary is an illustrated A to Z guide to the Victorian London.
- [External Resource] Early Modern Crime and the Law: Glossary
This website is a glossary of Early Modern Crime in England and Wales. This glossary was compiled using a number of sources in print and online.
- [External Resource] The Word on the Street
The National Library of Scotland's online archive of nearly 1,800 broadsides allows for researchers to see what the "word on the street," was in Scotland during 1650 to 1910. Each broadside comes with commentary, and researchers have access to the full text.