"Villainy Detected!" Crime and Consequences in Britain and America in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Punishment

40 Items.

  1. A General and True History of the Lives and Actions of the most Famous Highwaymen, Murderers, Street-Robbers, &c...
    A General and True History of the Lives and Actions of the most Famous Highwaymen, Murderers, Street-Robbers, &c. To Which is added, A Genuine Account of the Voyages and Plunders of the most Noted Pirates. Interspersed with several Remarkable Tryals of the most Notorious Malefactors, at the Sessions-House in the Old Baily, London. Adorn'd with the Effigies, and other material Transactions of the most remarkable Offenders, engraved on Copper-Plates.
    Book. 1742
  2. The trial of William Lord Byron, Baron Byron of Rochdale, for the murder of William Chaworth, Esq...
    The trial of William Lord Byron, Baron Byron of Rochdale, for the murder of William Chaworth, Esq; before the right honourable The House of Peers, in Westminster-Hall, in full parliament. On Tuesday the 16th, and Wednesday the 17th of April, 1765: on the last of which days the said William Lord Byron was acquitted of Murder, but found guilty of manslaughter. Published by order of the House of Peers
    Pamphlet. 1765
  3. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 1]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 1] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  4. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 2]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 2] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  5. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 3]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 3] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  6. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 4]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 4] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  7. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 5]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 5] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  8. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 6]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 6] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  9. Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 7]
    Trials for adultery, or, The history of divorces [Volume 7] : Being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, &c. from the year 1760, to the present time, including the whole of the evidence on each cause : together with the letters &c. that have been intercepted between the amorous parties / taken in short-hand by a civilian.
    Book. 1779 - 1780
  10. [External Resource] An Essay on Crimes and Punishments
    This text was originally published in Italian as Dei delitti e delle pene. It presents detailed explanations of the rights and laws relating to punishment along with the degrees and classifications of crimes. Also discussed are evidence and proof of crimes and the types of punishments given.
    Book. 1819
  11. Mornings at Bow Street. A selection of the most humourous and entertaining reports which have appeared in the Morning Herald with twenty-one illustrative drawings by George Cruikshank.
    This collection makes light of a great number of news stories that appeared in the Morning Herald in the early 19th century. The author took the original stories and compiled them after making "some necessary enlargements and corrections, and in a somewhat more finished state than the rapid demands of a daily paper allowed." Included are illustrations that add to the humor of this collection.
    Book. 1824
  12. The Newgate Calendar [Vol. 1]
    The Newgate Calendar [Vol. 1]; Comprising Interesting Memoirs of the Most Notorious Characters who have been Convicted of Outrages on the Laws of England since the Commencement of the Eighteenth Century; with Occasional Anecdotes and Observations, Speeches, Confessions, and Last Exclamation of Sufferers.
    Book. 1824
  13. [External Resource] The Newgate Calendar vol. 2
    This text includes the memoirs of notorious English criminals held in Newgate Prison in the 18th century. Two attorneys recorded these anecdotes, observations, speeches and confessions by the criminals.
    Book. 1825
  14. The Old Bailey experience
    Wall discusses the current situation of English penal law, and the necessary revisions that need to be made. He points out the flaws in the justice system by discussing the lack of distinct separation between felonies and misdemeanors, the lack of a Court of Appeals, the nature of trials at Old Bailey, and the disparity in punishments for similar crimes.
    Article. 1834
  15. The United States Criminal Calendar...
    The United States Criminal Calendar: or an Awful Warning to the Youth of America; Being an Account of the Most Horrid Murders, Piracies, Highway Robberies, etc. etc.
    Book. 1835
  16. Going to see a man hanged
    Thackeray recounts his personal experience as well as the public's reaction to a public execution at Newgate prison. The execution detailed is of Courvoisier, of whom another article about his crime is included in this collection. The crowd's demeanor while waiting for the hanging is described in detail; Thackerary adds his personal comments and feelings about the experience.
    Article. 1840
  17. Trial of Professor John W. Webster, for the Murder of Doctor George Parkman. Reported Exclusively for the N.Y. Daily Globe.
    This very detailed report includes information on the trial, sentence, and imprisonment of John W. Webster for the murder of Dr. George Parkman.
    Pamphlet. 1850
  18. Argument of Franklin B. Gowen, Esq. of Counsel for the Commonwealth in the Case of The Commonwealth vs. Thomas Munley...
    Argument of Franklin B. Gowen, Esq. of Counsel for the Commonwealth in the Case of The Commonwealth vs. Thomas Munley, Indicted in the Court of Oyer and Terminer of Schuylkill County, PA., for the Murder of Thomas Sanger, a Mining Boss, at Raven Run, on September 1st, 1875.
    Pamphlet. 1876
  19. The punishment of infanticide
    Fyffe argues that the proper punishment for the crime of infanticide ought to be imprisonment, not death, since no jury would convict a woman to death. Particular cases of infanticide are discussed, as well as others' viewpoints on the proper punishment for such a crime. Fyffe states that the punishment ought to be rendered to do two things: it should be rendered according to the guilt of the offender, and it should work as a deterrent for others.
    Article. 1877
  20. The Murder of the Geogles and Lynching of the Fiend Snyder by the Otherwise Peaceable and Law-Abiding Citizens of Bethlehem, Pa., And its Vicinity.
    A family is asleep after an evening of entertaining guests. The father, Jacob Geogle works in the Coleman ore mines nearby and has let one of his co-workers, Snyder, board with him this last half of the year. Little did he know that Snyder would develop strong lust for his fourteen year-old daughter, and then murder Jacob and his wife in their sleep. This incidence was the first time the lynch law was used in Pennsylvania to punish a criminal.
    Pamphlet. 1881
  21. The Punishment and Prevention of Crime
    Sir Edmund F. Du Cane, who served as Chairman of Commissioners of Prisons, Chairman of Directors of Prisons, Inspector-General of Military Prisons, and Surveyor-General of Prisons, discusses the history of criminal punishment, the role of prisons, the reintroduction of former prisoners back into society, and juvenile delinquency and its prevention.
    Book. 1885
  22. Workhouse cruelties
    Twining's article calls for reforms in "Poor Law management" in terms of workhouses. She describes the cruelty against the sick, providing examples of the beatings that took place, and in some cases, deaths that occurred. She examines the need for better officials in the workhouses as well as the need for better rules for the poor who enter the workhouses (in terms of there coming and going).
    Article. 1886
  23. Hypnotism and humbug
    Hart discusses experiments with hypnotism and discusses how hypnotism can be used to have people perform criminal acts. He also makes mention of fortune-tellers, telepathy, etc.
    Article. 1892
  24. Known to the police
    Spearman discusses ways in which to identify and capture "habitual criminals" in England. Specifically, the Bertillon anthropometric system, photographs, and fingerprinting are discussed in detail.
    Article. 1894
  25. Famous trials [1896]
    Atlay recounts the story of Madeleine Smith's murder trial, who was accused of poisoning a former fiance with arsenic. Atlay describes the story of the accused, along with the proceedings of the trial and its verdict.
    Article. 1896
  26. Famous trials [1897]
    Atlay recounts the story of Courvoisier's trial for the murder of Lord William Russell. Details of the murder and the trial of Courvoisier are provided. Courvoisier was found guilty and sentenced to death for his crime.
    Article. 1897
  27. [External Resource] The Newgate Calendar (edited)
    This edition of the Newgate Calendar includes much more material than other recent versions. It is based upon the 1926 edition published by the Navarre Society with additional material collected from other sources. The text contains the memoirs of 717 notorious English criminals and moral instruction about the consequences of wrongdoing. The Newgate Calendar was so popular it would have been found in most English homes between 1750 and 1850.
    Book. 1926, 2003?
  28. [External Resource] Crime and its Punishment in Provincial Pennsylvania
    In the seventeenth century, the Swedish South Company and the Dutch West India Company were responsible for trying and punishing criminal acts in the area that would become the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania before the English assumed control. These companies followed the rules of their respective home countries in handling crime and its punishment.
    Article. 1935
  29. [External Resource] Crime and Punishment
    This website contains the contemporary crime records of Powys Country, Wales. These records chronicle the crimes and the way the offenders were dealt with by the authorities in the counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Breconshire.
    Website. 1999
  30. [External Resource] Crime and the Victorians
    Professor Clive Emsley's article discusses the statistics, sensational crimes, criminal classes, penal policies and detective policing related to crime in Victorian Britain. The website provides additional information on people and events as well as links to related articles.
    Website. 2001
  31. [External Resource] Shooting Back
    In this article, producer and director Eric Stange discusses his development of a documentary about the infamous death of Dr. George Parkham, a Boston physician who was beaten to death and dismembered by a Harvard professor named John Webster.
    Article. 2001
  32. [External Resource] Before the Needles: The History of Executions in America Before Lethal Injection
    This site describes the history of executions in America before the use of lethal injection. It lists executions by state, race, age, crime committed, method used, and whether it was a federal or state, or military execution. It also discusses illegal executions, such as lynching. The site's information was developed from the National Science Foundation funded project, "Executions in the United States, 1608-1987: The ESPY File", Espy, M. Watt, and John Ortiz Smykla, Principal Investigators.
    Website. 2002-
  33. [External Resource] Highwaymen of the Peak
    This article on the BBC website describes the history of highwaymen in Derbyshire, East Midlands, UK. It provides information on the crimes of famous highwaymen such as Dick Turpin and Black Harry and the punishments they received.
    Website. 2003
  34. [External Resource] Murder at Harvard
    This website presents historical information about the murder of Dr. George Parkman at Harvard Medical College in Boston in November 1849. It provides descriptions of people and events related to the case, including the man convicted and hanged for the crime, Harvard professor John Webster.
    Website. 2003
  35. [External Resource] The Complete Newgate Calendar
    The Tartlton law library's searchable website contains all five volumes of the Newgate Calendar, as well as a general index of the Calendar.
    Book. 2003
  36. [External Resource] Early Modern Crime and the Law: Glossary
    This website is a glossary of Early Modern Crime in England and Wales. This glossary was compiled using a number of sources in print and online.
    Website. 2004
  37. [External Resource] The Word on the Street
    The National Library of Scotland's online archive of nearly 1,800 broadsides allows for researchers to see what the "word on the street," was in Scotland during 1650 to 1910. Each broadside comes with commentary, and researchers have access to the full text.
    Pamphlet. 2004
  38. [External Resource] Crime and Punishment
    The National Archives site presents digital images of crimes and punishment for the general public to access. Images include letters from Jack the Ripper, and Catherine Howard, as well as Guy Fawkes' signed confession.
    Website. 2004-
  39. [External Resource] Reconstructing Rachel: A Case of Infanticide in the Eighteenth-Century Mid-Atlantic and the Vagaries of Historical Research
    Laura Keenan's essay is an archival journey to learn more about Rachel Francisco, a woman with modest means, accused of infanticide in Delaware Valley, and how her life intertwined with one of the Valley's most prominent men, her defense attorney, John Dickinson.
    Article. 2006
  40. [External Resource] The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London 1674 to 1834
    This searchable website contains the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elites in Old Bailey, London. These texts are contained within the accounts pertaining to the over 100,000 criminal trails heard in London's central criminal court.
    Book. 2006
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