"Villainy Detected!" Crime and Consequences in Britain and America in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Judicial Reform

7 Items.

  1. [External Resource] An enquiry into the causes of the late increase of robbers, &c...
    An enquiry into the causes of the late increase of robbers, &c., with some proposals for remedying this growing evil. In which the present reigning vices are impartially exposed: and the laws that relate to the provision of the poor, and to the punishment of felons are largely and freely exampled. Reprinted in a 1903 collection of Fielding's works.
    Book. 1751, 1903
  2. The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 1-2]
    Wall describes the life of criminals, particularly thieves, drawing upon his experience at Newgate prison. He focuses on the character of criminals, both adult and juvenile, the sentences they've received, and their views of punishment. In Part 2, Wall discusses London's Old Bailey court and the areas in need of improvement. Specifically, he mentions the effect judicial influence has on sentences. He also focuses on hurried trials and the need for a court of appeals.
    Article. 1832
  3. The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 3-5]
    A continuation of Wall's article about the lives of criminals from Newgate prison and the situation of the Old Bailey court. Part 3 focuses on the need for an appeals court. Part 4 details pardon powers. In the last section, Wall details different types of criminals, such as housebreaker, pickpockets, etc. and describes their traits.
    Article. 1832
  4. The Old Bailey experience
    Wall discusses the current situation of English penal law, and the necessary revisions that need to be made. He points out the flaws in the justice system by discussing the lack of distinct separation between felonies and misdemeanors, the lack of a Court of Appeals, the nature of trials at Old Bailey, and the disparity in punishments for similar crimes.
    Article. 1834
  5. The punishment of infanticide
    Fyffe argues that the proper punishment for the crime of infanticide ought to be imprisonment, not death, since no jury would convict a woman to death. Particular cases of infanticide are discussed, as well as others' viewpoints on the proper punishment for such a crime. Fyffe states that the punishment ought to be rendered to do two things: it should be rendered according to the guilt of the offender, and it should work as a deterrent for others.
    Article. 1877
  6. Workhouse cruelties
    Twining's article calls for reforms in "Poor Law management" in terms of workhouses. She describes the cruelty against the sick, providing examples of the beatings that took place, and in some cases, deaths that occurred. She examines the need for better officials in the workhouses as well as the need for better rules for the poor who enter the workhouses (in terms of there coming and going).
    Article. 1886
  7. Maltreatment of wives
    The lack of protection for women abused by their husbands is examined. Crawford discusses the lack of strong punishments by the courts for husbands who abuse or kill their wives contributes to the lack of protection these women have. In addition, Crawford provides listing of specific crimes of this nature and the punishments the men received. Lastly, she discusses how children in homes where wives are abused have a tendency to grow up and be involved in crime themselves.
    Article. 1893
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