"Villainy Detected!" Crime and Consequences in Britain and America in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Prisons

16 Items.

  1. [External Resource] Panopticon Or the Inspection House
    One of the earliest innovations in prison reform, Bentham's plan for the model prison allowed the guards to constantly observe their prisoners. This work laid out the method for implementing his plan and also his emphasis on rehabilitating as well as punishing the criminal.
    Book. 1791
  2. [First] Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders.
    In this report issued from the Committee of the Society, the group shares their grievances with the prison conditions and the increasing rate of juvenile delinquency. The committee offers strong suggestions for prison and societal reform with optimism that their suggestions will bring the needed change.
    Book. 1818
  3. [Second] Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders.
    In the preface, this report includes notes from a general meeting of the Subscribers and Friends to the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders that was held in May 1820. This book is in response to the first report given two years prior on the reception of the ideas offered and the continued rates of crime among children and youth.
    Book. 1820
  4. The Third Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders
    This report, the third of a series, also includes meeting notes, and focuses more attention on the necessary reform of prison discipline. Included is a large appendix documenting general information about a number of specific prisons in England, along with documentation of correspondence with other countries and some other miscellaneous information.
    Book. 1821
  5. The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 1-2]
    Wall describes the life of criminals, particularly thieves, drawing upon his experience at Newgate prison. He focuses on the character of criminals, both adult and juvenile, the sentences they've received, and their views of punishment. In Part 2, Wall discusses London's Old Bailey court and the areas in need of improvement. Specifically, he mentions the effect judicial influence has on sentences. He also focuses on hurried trials and the need for a court of appeals.
    Article. 1832
  6. The schoolmaster's experience in Newgate [Parts 3-5]
    A continuation of Wall's article about the lives of criminals from Newgate prison and the situation of the Old Bailey court. Part 3 focuses on the need for an appeals court. Part 4 details pardon powers. In the last section, Wall details different types of criminals, such as housebreaker, pickpockets, etc. and describes their traits.
    Article. 1832
  7. The condemned cells: From the notebook of the ordinary of Newgate [Chapters I-III]
    Wall describes the experiences of the ordinary (minister) of Newgate prison with various types of criminals, particularly those on death row. Crimes such as forgery and robbery are detailed (throughout various the chapters) and prison life is also discussed.
    Article. 1840
  8. The condemned cells: From the notebook of the ordinary of Newgate [Chapters IV-VIII]
    Wall provides detail accounts of various crimes through the experiences of the ordinary (minister) of Newgate prison. Chapter IV deals with the crime of poisoning and the trial that followed for the particular case discussed. Chapter V recounts the story of a criminal found guilty of arson. Chapter VI describes an account of brothers accused of robbery; Chapter VII deals with the racial prejudices found in the prison. Lastly, Chapter VIII recounts the story of a swindler (these chapters are in continuation from Volume 22).
    Article. 1841
  9. The condemned cells: From the notebook of the ordinary of Newgate [Chapters IX-X]
    Wall continues to describe various accounts of crime and the perpetrators. Chapter IX describes the crime of burglary and murder; Chapter X deals with the crime of receiving stolen goods, and discusses their guilt as well as punishments that fit this crime (these chapters are in continuation from Volumes 22 and 23).
    Article. 1841
  10. Thieves and thieving
    Holland, a clergyman, recounts his experiences ministering to thieves and writes of his accounts in order to gain an understanding of the nature of crime. He discusses the lifestyle, mindset, language, and organizational structure of thieves, as well as the measures taken by society to deter these crimes, namely prison. Through his experience, he deduces the causes of crime and elaborates on them in this article.
    Article. 1860
  11. On the treatment of female convicts
    This article examines different aspects of female criminals. Carpenter discusses the characteristics of female convicts, such as the effect that they have on children they raise, their effect on society. Treatment of female convicts in prison, and what becomes of them afterwards. Statistics of female crime are also provided.
    Fraser's Magazine 67. Jan-June (1863): 31-46.; Article. 1863
  12. The Punishment and Prevention of Crime
    Sir Edmund F. Du Cane, who served as Chairman of Commissioners of Prisons, Chairman of Directors of Prisons, Inspector-General of Military Prisons, and Surveyor-General of Prisons, discusses the history of criminal punishment, the role of prisons, the reintroduction of former prisoners back into society, and juvenile delinquency and its prevention.
    Book. 1885
  13. Workhouse cruelties
    Twining's article calls for reforms in "Poor Law management" in terms of workhouses. She describes the cruelty against the sick, providing examples of the beatings that took place, and in some cases, deaths that occurred. She examines the need for better officials in the workhouses as well as the need for better rules for the poor who enter the workhouses (in terms of there coming and going).
    Article. 1886
  14. [External Resource] Crime and Punishment
    This website contains the contemporary crime records of Powys Country, Wales. These records chronicle the crimes and the way the offenders were dealt with by the authorities in the counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Breconshire.
    Website. 1999
  15. [External Resource] The Victorian Dictionary
    This website presents a searchable index of Lee Jackson's favorite selections from his work The Victorian Dictionary. The Victorian Dictionary is an illustrated A to Z guide to the Victorian London.
    Website. 2001
  16. [External Resource] Early Modern Crime and the Law: Glossary
    This website is a glossary of Early Modern Crime in England and Wales. This glossary was compiled using a number of sources in print and online.
    Website. 2004
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