- [External Resource] Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizens' Association of New York upon the sanitary condition of the City
The report includes instructions to the physicians who served as public health inspectors and were each assigned to assess the sanitary conditions and diseases in a particular ward in New York City. The findings of these inspections are then provided in rates of illnesses and deaths in the city. Recommendations for how to improve sanitary conditions and prevent the spread of diseases are also a part of the report.
- [External Resource] The Nether Side of New York; or, the Vice, Crime and Poverty of the Great Metropolis
This work chronicles the crime in New York, from 1868 to 1871. Crapsey, a journalist for the newspaper The Galaxy, seeks to provide the public with his observations and conclusions about the Nether side of New York.
- Danger! A True History of a Great City's Wiles and Temptations. The Veil Lifted, and Light Thrown on Crime and its causes and Criminals and Their Haunts.
This book is a comprehensive look at crime in New York City in the late 19th century. The authors write: "Despite the efficiency of our police and the activity of our many admirable reforming and reclaiming systems, crime still abounds, while the great tide of social impurity continues to roll one with unabated velocity." (p. iii) The authors go into depth in the history of prisons and punishment in the City, the activity of gangs, historical criminals, shop-lifting, robbery, abortion, divorce, black-mail, gambling, and slums. There is also a chapter in which the authors compare and contrast the City's detectives with the detectives in fiction. The book ends with stories of a number of interesting cases.
- [External Resource] A Tragic Mystery: From the Diary of Inspector Byrnes
Based on the diary of Inspector Thomas Byrnes, this text tells the story of the murder of wineshop owner Louis Hanier in New York and the search for and capture of his killer.
- The dock life of East London
Potter describes the docks in East London and their operations. The types of men who work the docks are examined, typically those from the lower class of society.
- [External Resource] Darkness and Daylight, Or, Lights and Shadows of New York Life
This text includes the reports of a woman, a journalist and a detective on life in New York. With the aim of depicting the city realistically, these reports describe poverty and crime. The book contains 250 illustrations drawn from photographs also included with the purpose of depicting the city realistically.
- [External Resource] Charles Booth and the Survey into Life and Labour in London (1886-1903)
This online archive is a searchable resource which gives access to archived material from the Booth collections of the British Library of Political and Economic Science. The Booth collection contains Booth's original data from the 1886-1903 survey into the life and labor of London.
- [External Resource] Law and Order in Enlightenment Edinburgh
This article on the BBC website describes the establishment of the Town Guard in Edinburgh, Scotland in the late seventeenth century to fight the rise in crime in the city. It also describes how the Town Guard's methods caused it to fall out of favor and be replaced by the Edinburgh Police Force in 1805.