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[1]L. Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography: William Faden (1749-1836) and the Map Trade,"The Cartographic Journal 41.1 (2004): 5-11. This article published the transcript of Laurence Worms's September 2003 Helen Wallis Memorial Lecture, given for the joint British Cartographic Society and Society of Cartographers conference "Cartography 2003."This specific comment was made on p. 10 of the article. I have relied heavily on the writings of Laurence Worms and Mary Pedley (see below) for this short essay.

[2]Sarah Tyacke, London Map Sellers, 1660-1720 (Tring: Map Collector Publications, 1978). This general review of the subject predates the era of William Faden.

[3]Worms, 5. D. Reinhartz, "Moll, Herman (1654?–1732),"Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press (Jan. 2008), http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18912. D. Reinhartz, The Cartographer and the Literati: Herman Moll and His Intellectual Circle (Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1997), 27-56 and 149-156.

[4]Worms, 5. Also see the various descriptive entries in J. French and V. Scott, ed., .Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers, rev. ed., (Tring: Map Collector Publications (for vol. A-D); Riverside: Early World Press (for vols. E-J, K-P, and Q-Z), 1999-2004).

[5]Reinhartz, 113-148.

[6]Worms, 6.

[7]L. Worms, "Jefferys, Thomas (c.1719–1771)"Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, (Jan. 2008), http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/14696.

[8]C. Verner, "The Fry and Jefferson Map" Imago Mundi 21 (1967): 70-94. This article goes through a detailed publication history of the landmark map. Regarding Jefferys' prominence in the period mapping of North America, and his subsequent bankruptcy, see J. Harley, "The Bankruptcy of Thomas Jefferies: An Episode in the Economic History of Eighteenth Century Map-making,"Imago Mundi 20 (1966): 27-48. For a more general history of the period of the American Revolutionary War, see J. B. Harley, B. B. Petchenik, and L. W. Towner, Mapping the American Revolutionary War (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1978).

[9]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"8.

[10]M. Pedley, ed., The Map Trade in the Late Eighteenth Century: Letters to the London Map Sellers Jefferys & Faden (Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, University of Oxford, 2000), 43-44.

[11]Pedley, The Map Trade, 18-34.

[12]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"8.

[13]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"9. It should be noted that in Britain "Geographer to the King"was a title given to commercial map engravers and publishers, not geographers or map compilers. They were not in the mold of the more academic "géographes de cabinet"in France (see note 16 below, p. 63).

[14]M. Pedley, "Maps, War and Commerce: Business Correspondence with the London Map Firm of Thomas Jefferys and William Faden,"Imago Mundi 48 (1996): 161-173. The comments concerning the speed of engraving are on p. 162.

[15]Pedley, "Maps, War and Commerce,"162.

[16]Pedley, The Commerce of Cartography: Making and Marketing Maps in Eighteenth-century France and England (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2005), 189.

[17]Pedley, The Commerce of Cartography, 74. Pedley estimates that the engraving of the cartouche alone could range from 25 to 65 percent of engraving the map copperplate (p. 63).

[18]Pedley, "Maps, War and Commerce,"164.

[19]Pedley, "Maps, War and Commerce,"164-168.

[20]Pedley, "Maps, War and Commerce,"170 and note 49.

[21]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"11.

[22]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"11.

[23]Pedley, The Commerce of Cartography, 186-187. Jefferson also would not trust the engraving to a French engraver, due to concerns about English language proficiency. This latter concern is discussed in C. Verner, "Mr. Jefferson Makes a Map,"Imago Mundi 14  (1959): 99.

[24]Worms, "The Maturing of British Commercial Cartography,"9. For a more general history of the society, see G. Watson, The Smeatonians: The Society of Civil Engineers (London: Thomas Telford, 1989).

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