Hidden Collections

Francis Florentine Hagen Papers

Archival Description

Title: Francis Florentine Hagen Papers
Dates: 1855 - 1898
Quantity: 1 box
Identification: PP HFF
Language of Material: German; English
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid


This collection contains correspondence with other Moravians, a few hymns composed by Hagen, historical documents possessed by Hagen, a poem written by Hagen, and school notebooks owned by his son, Harry R. Hagen.


Francis Florentine Hagen was born in Salem, NC, on October 30, 1815. His father was Johann Joachim Hagen (born 1771, died 1844 in Salem, Wachovia) and his mother was Susanna Lick (1787-1853). His father was a Moravian tailor and missionary. Francis Hagen had 3 sisters and 1 brother. Hagen graduated from the Moravian Theological Seminary in 1835, and then worked as a teacher at Nazareth Hall until 1841. In 1844 he was ordained as a deacon of the Moravian Church and that year he also married his first wife, Clara Cornelia Reichel. Following his ordination as deacon, he served churches in Bethania and Friedberg until 1854, when he accepted a call to York, PA. During this time, in 1852, he was also consecrated as a presbyter. In 1861 he was elected to the P.E.C and served in that office until 1867. His first wife died in 1862. Two years later, in 1864, he married Ellen Smyser. He served as a delegate to the General Synod in Herrnhut in 1869. His second wife, Ellen Smyser died in 1872. From 1867 to 1877 he served successively at the following congregations: New Dorp, the city mission in New York, and in Harmony, Iowa. He retired in 1877 following an injury, although he held a temporary appointment in Easton from 1888 to 1889. He died in 1907 in Lititz, PA. Hagen was a notable Moravian composer, most famous for his hymn, "Morning Star," typically sung on Christmas Eve. His musical style reflects his Moravian works along with influences from the 19th century Romantic movement. He was notable for his original compositions and his arrangements of other pieces, and his works include anthems, orchestral works, choral works, as well as solo works for voice and piano. Besides music, he also was one of the three original editors of The Moravian (1856-1858). Furthermore, he was very interested in Moravian history, in particular Count Zinzendorf, and he compiled and translated many of his sermons and writings. Hagen had six children with his first wife, Clara Reichel, and 3 children with his second wife, Ellen Smyser.



Custodial History

The majority of the items were given to the archives by the Rev. Dr. Allen Schattschneider, minister of the New Dorp, Staten Island, congregation in November 1960. The item, "Kurze Auszuge und Notizen aus Chr. Davids Briefen...," was given to the archives by F.F. Hagen's son, Rev. Dr. Ernest Hagen. The correspondence and hymns were given to the archive in 1965 by R.S. Haupert. The records were organized by Mark Whitmeyer in 2011. Some of the items were were moved to other collections (see documentation in file).


Francis Florentine Hagen Papers
1. Short extract and notes from Christian David's letters and some other pieces, compiled by brother Ludwig von Schweinitz and copied by Ernst Wilhelm Croeger
Date: 1855 - 1869
Physical Description: 1 volume
Note: Given to F.F. Hagen by Ernst W. Croeger in 1869, given to the Moravian Archives by F.F. Hagen's son Ernest Hagen
2. School notebooks of Harry R. Hagen
Date: 1883 - 1884
Physical Description: 2 volumes
3. Correspondence
Date: 1883 - 1898, n.d.
Physical Description: 8 items
Scope/Content: Includes: Letter from Hagen to brothers Haupert, Karl Mueller and Julius Strehlow regarding the German Passion Week Manual and two musical compositions (1898): for the attached hymns, see no. 4. Also includes: letters to Hagen from Smyser Williams (1883, 1884), E. de Schweinitz, and M. H. Cross., and a letter to the Provincial Elders Conference from Hagen
4. Three hymns composed by Hagen
Date: 1898, n.d.
Physical Description: 3 items
Scope/Content: Includes: "Table song- to be sung after the meal", "Evening Song-after the English, 'And now I lay me down to sleep'", and Gloria Pleurae (contains the individual vocal and instrumental parts)
Note: The words and music composed by Hagen
5. "Original historical account of the revival of the exit and the arrival of the first refugees in Berthelsdorf"
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 volume
Note: Copy of an 18th-century historical account of the first settlement in Herrnhut
6. Translation of a sermon by Zinzendorf on Matthew 15:21, 28, held in "Bethel' (Berthelsdorf) on March 14, 1756
Date: (ca. 1890)
Physical Description: 2 items
Note: Two different translation attempts.
7. Translations by Hagen of Fifteen Sermons by Count Zinzendorf on the Third Article of the Apostles' Creed, delivered in the Moravian Chapel in London 1752
Date: 1893 - 1894
Physical Description: 2 vols. (124 p.)
Note: Translation from Zinzendorf's Londoner Predigten (1756).
8. Translations by Hagen on selected sermons by Zinzendorf on verses in the Gospel of John ("vol. II")
Date: 1899
Physical Description: 1 volume
9. Translations by Hagen of Zinzendorf's Sermons on the Litany of the Life, Sufferings and Wounds of Jesus Christ, held in Marienborn in 1747
Date: 1899 - 1900
Physical Description: 3 vols.
Note: The translation was based on the second edition of these sermons from 1759 (earlier title: Homiliae über die Wunden-Litaney)
10. "Old Moravian Landmarks as Found in the Original Minutes of the First Ten Synods of the Unity Brethren's church from 1736 to 1744, Compiled and Translated by F. F. Hagen," translations of selected paragraphs from Moravian synods
Date: without date
Physical Description: 6 vols.
Note: For the original German text, see SynConf 49. The translations cover in fact 1736-1740.
11. Translations by Hagen of selected sermons by Zinzendorf as published in the Gemeinreden ("vol. IX")
Date: 1899
Physical Description: 1 vol.
12. Tickets possessed by Hagen
Date: 1878, n.d.
Physical Description: 3 items
Scope/Content: Includes: ticket for the Chicago and North-Western Railway (1878), a ticket for the Strakosch Italian Opera, and a membership ticket in the Oratorio Society of New York
13. Diary written by Hagen
Date: 1894
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: extracts from the Diary of the Moravian Church at York Pa from 1856 to 1861, originally written by Hagen. Extracts were copied by Hagen in 1894
14. Poem written by Hagen
Date: 1903
Physical Description: 1 item
Scope/Content: "88 Lines of Rhythm", a poem written by Hagen for his 88th birthday in 1903
15. Review of Hagen's book, "Old Landmarks; or, Faith and Practice of the Moravian Church, at the time of its Revival and Restoration in 1727, and Twenty years after."
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 item
Scope/Content: Written by J.E.
16. ID card for John C. Hagen
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 item
Scope/Content: Military Identification Card for the 75th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment
Note: John C. Hagen is a son of F.F. Hagen