|Title:||Francis Florentine Hagen Papers|
|Dates:||1855 - 1898|
|Language of Material:||German; English|
|Location:||Moravian Church Archives|
|Alternate View:||View Moravian Archives Finding Aid|
This collection contains correspondence with other Moravians, a few hymns composed by Hagen, historical documents possessed by Hagen, a poem written by Hagen, and school notebooks owned by his son, Harry R. Hagen.
Francis Florentine Hagen was born in Salem, NC, on October 30, 1815. His father was Johann Joachim Hagen (born 1771, died 1844 in Salem, Wachovia) and his mother was Susanna Lick (1787-1853). His father was a Moravian tailor and missionary. Francis Hagen had 3 sisters and 1 brother. Hagen graduated from the Moravian Theological Seminary in 1835, and then worked as a teacher at Nazareth Hall until 1841. In 1844 he was ordained as a deacon of the Moravian Church and that year he also married his first wife, Clara Cornelia Reichel. Following his ordination as deacon, he served churches in Bethania and Friedberg until 1854, when he accepted a call to York, PA. During this time, in 1852, he was also consecrated as a presbyter. In 1861 he was elected to the P.E.C and served in that office until 1867. His first wife died in 1862. Two years later, in 1864, he married Ellen Smyser. He served as a delegate to the General Synod in Herrnhut in 1869. His second wife, Ellen Smyser died in 1872. From 1867 to 1877 he served successively at the following congregations: New Dorp, the city mission in New York, and in Harmony, Iowa. He retired in 1877 following an injury, although he held a temporary appointment in Easton from 1888 to 1889. He died in 1907 in Lititz, PA. Hagen was a notable Moravian composer, most famous for his hymn, "Morning Star," typically sung on Christmas Eve. His musical style reflects his Moravian works along with influences from the 19th century Romantic movement. He was notable for his original compositions and his arrangements of other pieces, and his works include anthems, orchestral works, choral works, as well as solo works for voice and piano. Besides music, he also was one of the three original editors of The Moravian (1856-1858). Furthermore, he was very interested in Moravian history, in particular Count Zinzendorf, and he compiled and translated many of his sermons and writings. Hagen had six children with his first wife, Clara Reichel, and 3 children with his second wife, Ellen Smyser.
The majority of the items were given to the archives by the Rev. Dr. Allen Schattschneider, minister of the New Dorp, Staten Island, congregation in November 1960. The item, "Kurze Auszuge und Notizen aus Chr. Davids Briefen...," was given to the archives by F.F. Hagen's son, Rev. Dr. Ernest Hagen. The correspondence and hymns were given to the archive in 1965 by R.S. Haupert. The records were organized by Mark Whitmeyer in 2011. Some of the items were were moved to other collections (see documentation in file).