Hidden Collections

Karl A. Mueller Papers


Archival Description

Title: Karl A. Mueller Papers
Dates: 1888-1951
Quantity: 5 boxes
Identification: PP MKA
Language of Material: German; English
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

This collection contains diaries written by Mueller, his correspondence with other Moravians, reports and certificates received by Mueller, and sermons and other speeches given by Mueller. There are also other notes and documentation owned by or pertaining to Karl Mueller.


Biography/History

Karl Anton Mueller was born in Zeidler, Schluckenau, Bohemia, on September 6, 1867. His parents were Joseph Mueller and Maria Hesse. In his youth he lived in Schadura, Russia, and during this time he became familiar with the Moravian Church. In 1887, he left Russia and came to the US. He actually originally intended to go to Brazil with some other Moravians and even had a ticket for the passage but at the last moment his mother would not let him go and so he went to the US instead. He studied at Moravian College and Theological Seminary from 1888 until 1890, when he was ordained a deacon on June 15 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. His first appointment was in Mamre and Gerah, Wisconsin, from 1890 until 1893. Following this appointment, he was ordained a Presbyter on May 28, 1893, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. In 1900 he was appointed Editor and Publisher of German church papers with the depository of German Moravian book s at Watertown, Wisconsin. He was ordained a Bishop in the year 1908 in Lititz, Pennsylvania. Mueller was then a delegate to the General Synod of the Moravian Church in Herrnhut in 1909. Four years later, in 1913, he was elected to the Provincial Elders Conference as President of the Western District Executive Board, and he held these positions until his retirement. He also was editor of Der Bruederbotschafter, the church paper in German, from 1899 until his retirement. Later, in 1928, Mueller served as an official visitor to the Moravian mission in Nicaragua, about which he published the book, Among Creoles, Miskitos and Sumos. From 1937 until 1941, he also served as Executive Chairman of the General Directory of the Unitas Fratrum. He retired in 1941 and moved to Kansas City, Missouri in 1943. He passed away on January 8, 1962, in the home of his daughter Gertrude in San Francisco, California. He married Pauline Purat on June 15, 1886. She died on November 29, 1944. They had six children: Joseph (who died 3 weeks from his birth), Theophilus Herbert, Johannes Amos Comenius, Paul Gerhard, Johanna Margaretha, and Gertrude Esther.


Restrictions

unrestricted


Custodial History

A portion of the records was given to the Archives by Mrs. Rene Claudon, daughter of Bishop Karl Mueller in 1963. The rest was given to the archives previously. The finding aid was compiled by Mark Whitmeyer, student at Lehigh University working on the CLIR grant in 2010/2011.


Records

Karl A. Mueller Papers
1. Correspondence
1. Letters concerning Mueller's Ordination
Date: 1889 - 1890
Physical Description: 1 folder
2. Personal Correspondence
Date: 1915 - 1951
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letter asking Mueller to review a book
3. Confidential letter concerning the upcoming Unity Conference in Herrnhut
Date: 1922
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: sheet on which to vote on various issues affecting the Moravian church
Note: Five authors: C. L. Moench, K. A. Mueller, J.S. Romig, Paul de Schweinitz, and J. Taylor Hamilton
4. Correspondence concerning the Suriname mission
Date: 1924
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: a letter written to Mueller and a letter to the Herrnhuter Missions-Direktion concerning the problems facing the Suriname mission
5. Correspondence concerning the Moravian Church in Czechoslovakia
Date: 1924 - 1925
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters from the Czech Moravians J. Schiller and B. Vancura.
6. Political letter received by Karl Mueller
Date: 1938
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: documentation supporting the author's political claims
Note: written by James T. M. Bleakley
2. Reports and Certificates
7. Early school certificates
Date: 1881 - 1886
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Certificate of good performance and permission to enter the Buergerschule, completion of school obligation certificate (from Schluckenau), a swimming certificate (Schluckenau), and a certificate of good character (Tschernjachow)
8. Moravian College and Theological Seminary Reports
Date: 1888 - 1890
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: 4 semesters of reports
9. Ordination and consecration certificates
Date: 1890 - 1908
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Ordination as Deacon certificate, ordination as Presbyter certificate, and consecration as Bishop certificate
10. Membership Certificates
Date: 1904 - 1908
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Certificate of membership in the Widow's Society of Bethlehem, and certificate of membership in the Young Men's Missionary Society of Bethlehem
3. Diaries
11. Diary of trip to Nicaragua
Date: 1928
Physical Description: 3 volumes
12. Diary of various trips taken by Karl Mueller
Date: 1924 - 1925
Physical Description: 1 volume
4. Sermons
13. Early sermons held in Bethlehem, Mamre and Gerah
Date: 1889
Physical Description: 1 folder
14. Early sermons held in Bethlehem, Mamre and Gerah
Date: 1889 - 1890
Physical Description: 1 folder
15. Early sermons held in Bethlehem, Mamre and Gerah
Date: 1890 - 1891
Physical Description: 1 folder
16. Holiday sermons
Date: 1889 - 1931
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, and Thanksgiving sermons
17. Anniversary and miscellaneous celebrations sermons
Date: 1891 - 1940
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: sermons for the I. Gemeinfest in 1891; the 100th anniversary of the birth of David Livingstone; the Jahresfest der Gemeine Watertown in 1924; the 200th anniversary celebration in Watertown, Wisconsin; the 70th anniversary of the dedication of the present church edifice of the West Side Moravian Congregation in Green Bay, Wisconsin; the 75th anniversary of the church in Green Bay East, Wisconsin; the 70th anniversary of the church in Ephraim, Wisconsin; the opening of a church in Madison, Wisconsin; the church dedication in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; the 45th anniversary of the church in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin; the 75th anniversary of the church in Mamre, Wisconsin; and the 50th anniversary of Karl Mueller's ministry
18. Ordination sermons/charges
Date: 1907 - 1943
Physical Description: 1 folder
19. Missionsfest/Mission festival sermons
Date: 1890 - 1929
Physical Description: 1 folder
20. Sermon notebooks, vol. 1 and 2
Date: 1896 - 1934
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content:
1. 1904-1931
2. 1896-1934
21. Sermon notebooks, vol. 3 and 4
Date: 1905 - 1936
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content:
3. 1907-1926
4. 1905-1936
22. Sermon notebooks, vol. 5 and 6
Date: 1912 - 1933
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content:
5. 1912-1933
6. 1914-1926
23. Sermon notebooks, vol. 7 and 8
Date: 1914 - 1933
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content:
7. 1914-1932
8. 1915-1933
24. Sermon notebooks, vol. 9 and 10
Date: 1910 - 1934
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content:
9. 1910-1933
10. 1920-1934
25. Sermon notebooks, vol. 11, 12, and 13
Date: 1914 - 1940
Physical Description: 3 volumes
Scope/Content:
11. 1920-1933
12. 1914-1937
13. 1925-1940
26. Sermons
Date: 1905 - 1928
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Mueller's first sermon in English
27. Sermons
Date: 1913 - 1941
Physical Description: 1 folder
28. Sermons
Date: 1918 - 1936
Physical Description: 1 folder
29. Sermons
Date: 1924 - 1944
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Sermon delivered after his retirement to Kansas City
30. Late sermon notebooks
Date: 1909 - 1945
Physical Description: 2 volumes
Scope/Content: Includes: brief notes on other religious groups and some account taking
31. Late sermon notebook
Date: 1905 - 1947
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: programs from church services
38. Funeral Sermons
Date: 1898 - 1939
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: funeral sermons for: Gustav Brennecke, Frank C. Lehmann, F. Whyte, John H. Schoechert, John Bender, Mrs. L. F. Spanenberg (Dora Brennecke), Lydia Weingarth (m.n. Lehmann), and Sister Anna Witte
5. Other Speeches and Addresses
32. Speeches and addresses at conventions, convocations, and synods
Date: 1916 - 1940
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: the concluding address at the Provincial Synod (1930), and speeches given at the Milwaukee Convention (1917), the Wisconsin Minister's Convocation (1932), the Milwaukee Christian Endeavor Convention (1933), and at the 12th Synod of the Western District of the Moravian Church in North America (1940)
33. Miscellaneous talks and speeches
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: an alumni-talk, a speech on the history of the litany, and a speech about the home missions
6. Notes and Other Documentation
34. Miscellaneous documents
Date: 1907
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: copy of book plate, and programs of a service honoring Karl. Mueller (1957)
35. Manuscripts reviewed by Karl Mueller
Date: 1919 - 1931
Physical Description: 5 volumes
Scope/Content: Includes: results of the Coopersburg survey (1919), a history of the Gutenberg Bible, a description of Moravians in Gothenburg (1928), and an account of the Moravians' situation in Czechoslovakia (1931)
36. Reports and documentation of the Moravian church
Date: 1928 - 1940
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: a pamphlet titled "The Changing Emphasis of Home Missions", a report on a Moravian visitation to Nicaragua (1928), an expense book for various official trips, a confidential statement of Missionsanstalt (1930), a list of proposals of the British Provincial Synod in 1931, and reports from the district synod in 1940
37. Manuscripts edited by Karl Mueller and published in the Brueder Botschafter
Date: 1920 - 1944
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Manuscript of "War experiences of a missionary family in German East Africa" (later transcribed in 1944 by Karl Mueller), and "An experience of a missionary in German East Africa during his three and a half year English captivity'