|Title:||Joseph Powell Papers|
|Language of Material:||German; English|
|Location:||Moravian Church Archives|
|Alternate View:||View Moravian Archives Finding Aid|
Joseph Powell was born in Shropshire by White Church in England (on the border of Wales) to parents Caleb and Ann Powell on October 8, 1711. Since his father was a farmer he was raised in that occupation and his mother was a devote Presbyterian he was raised with knowledge of the Lord and the Gospel. At the age of 19 when his brother expressed a desire to remain on the family farm Joseph moved to London. He worked as the assistant of a tradesperson for nine years until 1730 during which time he became acquainted with Whitefield and Wesley (in his "Lebenslauf" Joseph refers to this period as his awakening). In 1741 Joseph volunteered to be part of a group of Moravians being organized under Count Zinzendorf to emigrate to America. Prior to emigrating he married Martha Frichat in February, 1742. The newlyweds departed for Pennsylvania from Gravesend, England on March 19, 1742 reaching Philadelphia on June 7, 1742. Powell worked to establish the Moravian Church in the Philadelphia area for several years and then in 1747 was stationed as a missionary in Shamokin (now Sunbury, Pa.). On May 24, 1756, he was official ordained in Bethlehem, Pa., as a deacon of the Moravian Church. He spent the next several years of his life as a missionary among Native Americans in Bucks County, Staten Island, Long Island, Conneticut, and Carroll's Manor, Maryland. He and Martha also spent six years (1759-1764) performing missionary work in Jamaica. In 1772 Joseph's wife Martha fell ill while they were living in Carrol's Manor and the family decided to return to Bethlehem. Martha died two years later on May 6, 1774, from her illness. He was transferred shortly after his wifes death to Nine Partners (Sichem), NY where the Moravians had a church and a mission. Some of his family accompanied him in May of 1774 and Joseph intended this to be his final home. Joseph died shortly after arriving on September 23, 1774. Joseph Powell was 64 years old and the time of his death and left behind his children, Joseph, Martin and Stephen Powell. In 1859 the Moravian Historical Society erected a monument on his grave honoring Joseph Powell.
This collection contains letters written by as well as received by Joseph Powell, travel documentation for Joseph and Martha Powell, notes from scripture and sermons given by Joseph Powell, receipts from purchases made, recipes for ointments, and inventories of Joseph Powell's estate recorded by the County of Northhampton after Powell's death.
The papers were given to the Moravian Archives at an unknown date, probably during the 18th century. This collection was organized by Katey Fardelmann (CLIR project) in August 2011.
travel diaries by Powell in collection of Journey Diaries; MissJmc