Hidden Collections

Andreas Schoute Papers


Archival Description

Title: Andreas Schoute Papers
Dates: 1708 - 1760
Quantity: 1 box
Identification: PP SchA
Language of Material: Dutch
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

Diaries, navigation books, correspondence, and a dictionary relating to Schoute's service on the ships the "Elisabeth Galleley," the "Irene," and the Russian ship, the "Astracan," and to Schoute's trips to North Carolina, New York, and Russia.


Biography/History

Andreas Schoute was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, on May 12, 1700. Although his parents wished for him to work for a merchant, Schoute desired to go to sea and so joined a ship and advanced in short time to captain. His brother was also in the company as a merchant. After 1728 he mostly worked on Dutch ships. They visited many places such as Cadiz, Gibraltar, Genoa, Lisbon, and Algeria. Later, he served as chief helmsman and as captain on another voyage. In 1741 he served as chief helmsman in Russia for two years. His fleet stayed in Tallin, where Schoute stayed with a merchant named Carl Dehn. In Dehn's house Schoute met Moravians who were also living there. After talking to them a "fire" was created in Schoute for the faith. He married Elisabeth Jungblut in 1744. She died eleven months later and their young daughter soon followed. In 1746 he resigned his position and visited Herrnhaag, where he was received into the Moravian Church on December 31, 1747. He served under Captain Garrison on the Moravian ship, the "Irene." In 1757, on a voyage with Garrison from New York the ship was captured by the French and Schoute remained in captivity in Louisburg for 9 months. In 1758, he arrived in Bethlehem. He went on several more voyages after that but became sick in 1762 and never fully recovered. He became sick again, and on November 7, 1764 he died.


Restrictions

unrestricted


Custodial History

The papers came to the archives at an unknown date, probably not long after Schoute's death. They were integrated in the Congregational Library during the 19th century. In 2011 they were organized by Mark Whitmeyer.


Records

Andreas Schoute Papers
Records
1. Loose pages from a navigation book
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
navigation instructions and sample navigation problems
2. Instructional book for navigation, handcopied by Schoute
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: sample navigation problems
3. Instructional book for learning Russian, handcopied by Schoute
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes:
some navigation materials
4. Instructions in navigation, probably copied or composed by Jacob Höyer
Date: 1708
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: sample navigation problems and diagrams.
5. Nautical handbook, handcopied by Schoute
Date: 1735
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: nautical information in the form of question and answer
6. Logbook kept by Schoute as first mate on the Russian Imperial ship "Astracan"
Date: 1743
Physical Description: 1 volume
7. Transcription of the logbook kept by Schoute as a first mate on the Russian Imperial ship the "Astracan"
Date: 1974
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: Transcription made by Robin Ader
8. Journal written by Schoute on his service as helmsman on the ship the "Elisabeth Galleley" from Amsterdam to Greenland
Date: 1747
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: drawings of coastlines and of the church, built in New Herrnhut.
Note: Contains english translation of title page. During this trip a prefabricated church building was transported to New Herrnhut.
9. Journal written by Schoute on his service as helmsman on the ship the "Irene" from New York to Amsterdam
Date: 1748
Physical Description: 1 volume
10. Journal of Schoute's journey from Bethlehem to Bethabara, North Carolina
Date: 1759
Physical Description: 1 volume
11. Letter, received by Schoute from M. Bodeman, and a poem written by Br. Rundt on Schoute's 60st birthday
Date: 1760
Physical Description: 2 items