Hidden Collections

Edmund de Schweinitz Papers


Archival Description

Title: Edmund de Schweinitz Papers
Quantity: 4 boxes
Identification: PP SchwEd
Language of Material: German; English
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

This collection contains personal scrapbooks, a family autograph book, personal correpondence, newspaper clippings of works by or about Edmund de Schweinitz, church records and ministries, and notes and original transcripts for Vol 1. of the published work "The History of Unitas Fratrum" as well as notes for other published works.


Biography/History

Edmund Alexander de Schweinitz was born on March 20, 1825 in Bethlehem to Ludwig (Louis) David and Amalie (Ledoux) de Schweinitz. From 1831to 1834 Edmund attended the Parochial School in Bethlehem, followed by four years at Nazareth Hall. He entered Moravian College and Theological Seminary as a student in 1839 which he completed in 1844, immediately followed by a year as a student at the University of Berlin. Edmund accepted a teaching position in 1845 in the Moravian Boys' School in Zeist, Netherlands, where he remained for a year before returning to the United States to teach at Nazareth Hall between 1847-1850. Edmund was married to Lydia de Tochirsky on October 10, 1850 and a few months later, on March 3, 1850, ordained as a deacon by Bishop W.H. Van Vleck in Bethlehem. Edmund also began his work as a paster in 1950 in Canal Dover, Ohio but was moved in the same year to Lebanon, Pa., where he was pastor for three years. During this time Edmund's wife, Lydia, gave birth to their first child, Louise, on July 21, 1851. After leaving Lebanon, Edmund and family moved to Philadephia where Edmund held several positions including: pastor of First Church of Philadelphia, 1853-1861; professor of theology, 1855-1857; chief editor of "The Moravian," 1855-1858; and delegate to General Synod in Herrnhut in 1857. While in Philadelphia Lydia gave birth to two sons, Bernard on July 18, 1855, and George on October 26, 1858. Additionally, on October 12, 1856 Edmund was consecrated as a presbyter by Bishop Peter Wolle. In 1861 Edmund and family moved to Lititz, Pa., where Edmund worked as a pastor from 1861-1864 and served as the editor of "The Moravian," 1861-1867. While in Lititz Lydia gave birth to Nina on August 4, 1863. The family would move one final time in 1864 back to Bethlehem, Pa., where Edmund served as a pastor until 1880, as president of the Theological Seminary from 1867-1885, and president of the Provincial Elders' Conference from 1878-1887. Only two years after moving to Bethlehem, September 12, 1866, Edmund lost his wife Lydia. Two years later on October 1, 1868, Edmund remarried to Isabel A. Boggs who gave birth to Gabel just over a year later on July 23, 1869. Edmund was consecrated as a bishop on August 28, 1870, in Bethlehem by Bishops D. Bigler, H.A. Schultz, P. Wolle, J.Jackson, and S. Reinke. In his later years Edmund was elected president of the General Synod in Herrnhut in 1879, and officiated as president of the American Provincial Synods in 1876, 1878, 1881, and 1884. Edmund A. de Schweinitz passed away on Sunday, December 18, 1887 in Bethlehem at the age of 63 very unexpectedly in his sleep after presiding at a lovefeast.

*Edmund wrote several published works throughout his life, including pieces published in Encyclopedias and "The Moravian" - for a full list of published works see notes on publications


Custodial History

These papers were donated to the Moravian Archives at an unknown date. The collection was organized by Katey Fardelmann in June 2011 (CLIR project).


Records

Edmund de Schweinitz Papers
1. Personal Records
7. Poetry Book ("Gedichte")
Date: 1846
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: "Maryets un Owets" by E. Rondthaler, "Holland" by Andrew Marvell; poems from v. Fallersleben and several others
Note: Poems are rewritten by Edmund de Schweinitz (not the author); name of author of poem included at bottom of each entry
10. Newspaper clippings by or relating to Bishop Edmund de Schweinitz
Date: 1876 - 1887
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes newspaper clippings entitled: Christmas Among the Moravians; The Missionary Spirit in the Apostolic Church; Early Moravians; The History of the Church known as the Unitas Fratrum - Obituraries printed after the death of Bishop Edmund de Schweinitz
Note: - Arranged in chronological order; looseleaf - From a variety of newspapers including: The Sunday School Times, New York Times; The Missionary Herald; New York Independent; The Nation; Linden Hall Echo; Der Brueder Botschafter
11. Sundry letters received by Edmund de Scweinitz
Date: 1834 - 1887
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters from Eugene A. Frueauff, H. Plitt, Lewis M. Hogg, and John Anketell, P.M. Goepp, C.F. Bellwitz, E.A. Frueauff
Note: - Organized in chronological order; looseleaf
12. Letters regarding regarding De Schweinitz's publications
Date: 1870 - 1886
Physical Description: Ink bled through, difficult to read some letters
Scope/Content: Includes:
1870s - Letters from Herrnhut regarding research, drafts, and publication of "The History of the Unitas Fratrum" from J. Roemer, Theodor Reichelt, and E. Steiger
1886 - Letters received praising "The History of the Unitas Fratrum" from C. Heydrick
Note: Looseleaf
2. Records relating to Church Work
19. Extract from the Minutes of the Committee of the London; Circular letter from the U.E.C., addressed to P.E.C.s of various provinces (Berthelsdorf, Dec. 30, 1843)
Date: 1834, 1843
Physical Description: 1 folder
20. Record of Ministerial Transactions
Date: 1847 - 1886
Physical Description: 1 volume
Scope/Content: Includes: Sermons, Infant Baptism, Adult Baptisms, Holy Communion, Marriages, Funerals, Ordinations, performed by Edmund de Schweinitz
21. Charges given at ordinations performed by Edmund de Schweinitz
Date: 1870 - 1873
Physical Description: 1 book
Scope/Content: Also includes: translation of a hymn from English to German on first several pages
22. List of the clergy of the American Province of the Unitas Fratrum
Date: 1873 - 1879
Physical Description: 1 folder-oversized
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Presbyters and Deacons of the American Province ordained elsewhere & unordained Evangelists and missionaries;
- List of the active and retired ministers and missionaries of the American Province [Copy from List made by the late Bishop L.F. Kampmann];
- Bishops, Presbyters, and Deacons ordained in the American Province, as also American Ministers ordained at General Synods in Germany
Note: - Binded at top and in order numberically - Oversized
3. Notes for Publications
13. Bibliographical notes on Bohemian history
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: general Bohemian history over 3 periods, 1760 to then present day; notes on Bohemian literature; sermons preached in Bohemia; mythology, fables, and traditions; geography and topography; notes on monarchs; "Uebersetzung der bohemischen Titel" - translation of bohemian titles
Note: - Organized by page number and item number - some pages and items missing; looseleaf - Material listed in "includes" not organized by category, dispersed throughout the work
14. Bibliographical notes for published works
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: notes on Bohemian history; Polish history; works of Cyrill, Methodius; and Comenius; polemical writings on the ancient brethen; notes on the church
Note: Papers organized by category; do not have a page or item number
15. Manuscript of bibliographical works
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: Organized by page number and item number; looseleaf
16. Biographical Notes
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: Life of Comenius, John Wesley, Johann Lalehosler, P.J. Schaffarik, and Paul Straursky, and others
17. Drafts of the later published "The History of Unitas Fratrum"
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: -Organized chronologically; looseleaf (some materials perserved in folded positions)
18. "The 2nd Campaign Against the Christian Indians"
Date: unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: caption of Chapt. XXXVII, p. 564 of "Life and Times of David Zeisberger"
4. Scrapbooks and Documentation
1. Articles, extracts, and scraps in relation to the Unitas Fratrum gathered from various religious periodicals and secular newspapers - Volume I
Date: 1870
Physical Description: Binding fragile; Pages falling out
Scope/Content: Includes clippings about: Holiday celebrations/commemorations; Moravian Missions; The Waldenses; History of the Moravians/Life among the Moravians; Count Zinzendorf; History of Moravian settlements (Lititz/Phildadelphia); Sermons and addressess by Edmund de Schweinitz
Note: This collection was begun in 1857 but pasted into this scrapbook in 1870; articles contained in the scrapbook span the dates 1857-1870
2. Articles, extracts, and scraps in relation to the Unitas Fratrum gathered from various religious periodicals and secular newspapers - Volume II
Date: 1870 - 1877
Physical Description: Binding falling apart; Pages fragile
Scope/Content: Includes clippings about: The Moravian Historical Society/history of Bethlehem; Lectures on Natural Philosophy; Consecration/Funerals of bishops and ministers; Holiday celebrations/festivals; News from Gnadenhuetten & Friedenshuetten; Laying of Cornerstone of the Episcopal Church; Anniversary of Church events; Sermons and Addresses given by Edmond de Schweinitz
Note: This collection was begun in 1857 but pasted into this scrapbook in 1870; articles contained in the scrapbook span the dates 1864-1877
3. Articles, extracts, and scraps in relation to the Unitas Fratrum gathered from various religious journals and scrapbooks - Volume III
Date: 1876 - 1886
Physical Description: Binding fragile; pages falling out
Scope/Content: Includes clippings about: Morvian history/customs; Celebrations of holidays; John Wesley; Centennial Memorial Services of Moravian Church; Influence of Native Americans/Native American cultures; Moravian Episcopate; Mary Dixon's Memorial; The Moravian Synod; Influence of the new Episcopal Church (Holy Trinity); Linden Hall; Moravian Missions; Sermons and Addresses given by Edmund de Schweinitz
4. Sermons, orations and addresses, historical and other articles by Edmund de Schweinitz
Date: 1867 - 1885
Physical Description: Binding taped together
Scope/Content: Includes: Mission work in Bohemia and Moravia/The Bohemian Mission; Rev. Henry G. Clauder/Henry Clay/ Eugene A. Frueauff/ John Beck Hammer/ Sylvester Wolle/ Rev. W.C. Reichel/Bishop Bigler/ Rev. Lewis F. Kampmann Memoriam; Butterfield Account of Crawford's Expedition in 1782; The History of Home Missions; Christmas among the Moravians; Oration at Gnadenhuetten; Synod of 1867; External Redemption; John Huss as a Preacher of the Gospel; The Cottage City of America - Martha's Vineyard; The Evangelical Alliance; The Fathers fo the American Moravian Church
Note: Articles were published in various newspapers including: The Moravian, The Sunday School, Bruder Botschaften; Scholarly School Times
5. Notices and reviews of the literary works of Edmund de Schweinitz
Date: 1878 - 1886
Physical Description: Binding Fragile
Scope/Content: Includes:
The Fourth Centennial of the Moravian Church - Philadelphia 1887; The Moravian Episcopate Brethen, 1865; The Historic Character of the American Moravian Church: Bethlehem, 1867; The Life and Times of David Zeisberger: Philadelphia, 1870; The History of the Moravian Church and Sermon Preached in Brooklyn, 1871; A History of the U.F. from 1627 to 1722: Bethlehem, 1877
Lee Scrapbook: The Moravian Manual: Bethlehem, 1869 2nd Edition (pg. 89); The Catechism of the Bohemian Brethren: Bethlehem, 1869 (pg. 123)
Note: Collected from various newspapers and magazines including: Lutheran Observer, The Episcopal Recorder/Episcopalian; North American Gazette; Bethlehem Daily Times; Christ Intelligence; Pittsburg Gazette; The Reformer Monthly; The Presbyterian; Der Deutsche Pioneer; Atlantic Monthly; U.F. Tribune This scrapbook was begun in 1878 however includes articles collected between the dates 1857-1886
6. The History of the Unitas Fratrum by Edmund de Schweinitz: Prefatory Article
Date: 1882
Physical Description: Binding taped together
8. Family autographs, collected and arranged by Edmund de Schweinitz
Date: (1850 - 1866)
Physical Description: Binding completely deteriorated/taped together; Pages falling out - difficult to handle without damaging
Scope/Content: Includes: autographs from the families of Edmund and of Liddy de Schweinitz both in their fraternal and maternal branches: embracing therefore autographs of the Schweinitz, Le Doux, Tochirsky, and Schoenberg
Note: Material ranges in date from 1707- 1883 (not organized in chronological order) *Each letter prefaced by name of author and subject of letter as well as relation to the de Schweinitz family* *Several letters appear to be missing or fell out of the collections*
9. Copy of letter sent to the Archbishop of Dublin
Date: 1832
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: Copy was received by Edmund de Schweinitz
5. Miscellaneous Materials
23. Programs for the public examinations at the Moravian Girl's School and Boys' School in Zeist
Date: 1846
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: Edmund de Schweinitz taught English in Zeist for a year
24. Miscellaneous Items
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
1. Newspaper clippings and publications
2. Handwritten notes - authors unknown
3. Church Related Material - humorous memorial to synod: "Jagd, Ertrag- Abfindungs-Quantum"; note on the spectation of the disciples that Elijah would return; "An attempt to give some faith idea of the manner in which Charles Anthony Von Vleck, surnamed Carolus, lectures in the Theological Seminary, June 2, 1843"
4. Items of "Historical Importance" - note on Martin Luther's declaration regarding his seal; partriotic addresses by the Queen and Crown Prince of Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars
5. Application of Karl Petthast for employment, March 27, 1879
Note: Some items not directly related to the de Schweinitz's