|Title:||Johannes von Watteville Papers|
|Language of Material:||German; English|
|Location:||Moravian Church Archives|
|Alternate View:||View Moravian Archives Finding Aid|
A series of letters written to von Watteville during one of his visits to the Pennsylvania colony. The collection also contains two speeches written by von Watteville and accounts of his marriage and death.
Johannes von Watteville was born Johann Michael Langguth to Johann Michael Langguth and Anna Elizabeth Farbarius Langguth in Walschleben, Thüringen, Germany on October 18, 1718. He was educated at both the University of Erfurt and the University of Jena between 1734 and 1737. During this period, Christian Renatus von Zinzendorf (1727-1752), the son of Nikolus von Zinzendorf, introduced von Watteville to the Moravian Brotherhood. Upon leaving school, he joined the Brüdergemeine in Hernnhut sometime between 1737 and 1738 and settled into the Moravian community at Hernnhaag and Marienborn. He later travelled to Hernnhut to meet with Nikolus von Zinzendorf and developed a close relationship to the leader of the Unitas Fratrum. He was adopted by Friedrick von Watteville in 1744 and married Benigna von Zinzendorf in Ziest, Holland on May 20, 1746.
Upon his ordainment as a bishop on June 4, 1747 in Herrnhaag, von Watteville began to travel extensively to visit Moravian communities in Pennsylvania, North Carolina, France, Switzerland, St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John, England, Holland, and Germany, among others. Throughout his life, he would return to many of these sites. When Nikolus von Zinzendorf died in 1760, von Watteville succeeded him as the leader of the Moravian Church. He not only continued to travel throughout his life, but he also sat at many Synods and was a member of the United Elders' Conference. He died on October 7, 1788 in Gnadenfrei, Germany, present day Pilawa Górna, Poland.
The Johannes von Watteville papers were given to the archives at an unknown time. It is very possible that they were collected by the Church during von Watteville's trip to North America between 1783 and 1787. The papers were originally organized by an unknown person. In the summer of 2011, the papers were reorganized by Erin Thorn, a Lehigh University student working on the CLIR grant.