Hidden Collections

Johannes von Watteville Papers


Archival Description

Title: Johannes von Watteville Papers
Dates: 1784-1787
Quantity: 4 folders
Identification: PP WJoh
Language of Material: German; English
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

A series of letters written to von Watteville during one of his visits to the Pennsylvania colony. The collection also contains two speeches written by von Watteville and accounts of his marriage and death.


Biography/History

Johannes von Watteville was born Johann Michael Langguth to Johann Michael Langguth and Anna Elizabeth Farbarius Langguth in Walschleben, Thüringen, Germany on October 18, 1718. He was educated at both the University of Erfurt and the University of Jena between 1734 and 1737. During this period, Christian Renatus von Zinzendorf (1727-1752), the son of Nikolus von Zinzendorf, introduced von Watteville to the Moravian Brotherhood. Upon leaving school, he joined the Brüdergemeine in Hernnhut sometime between 1737 and 1738 and settled into the Moravian community at Hernnhaag and Marienborn. He later travelled to Hernnhut to meet with Nikolus von Zinzendorf and developed a close relationship to the leader of the Unitas Fratrum. He was adopted by Friedrick von Watteville in 1744 and married Benigna von Zinzendorf in Ziest, Holland on May 20, 1746.

Upon his ordainment as a bishop on June 4, 1747 in Herrnhaag, von Watteville began to travel extensively to visit Moravian communities in Pennsylvania, North Carolina, France, Switzerland, St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John, England, Holland, and Germany, among others. Throughout his life, he would return to many of these sites. When Nikolus von Zinzendorf died in 1760, von Watteville succeeded him as the leader of the Moravian Church. He not only continued to travel throughout his life, but he also sat at many Synods and was a member of the United Elders' Conference. He died on October 7, 1788 in Gnadenfrei, Germany, present day Pilawa Górna, Poland.


Restrictions

unrestricted


Custodial History

The Johannes von Watteville papers were given to the archives at an unknown time. It is very possible that they were collected by the Church during von Watteville's trip to North America between 1783 and 1787. The papers were originally organized by an unknown person. In the summer of 2011, the papers were reorganized by Erin Thorn, a Lehigh University student working on the CLIR grant.


Records

Johannes von Watteville Papers
Records
1. Letters written to von Watteville during his trip to Pennsylvania, organized alphabetically by sender, A-H
Date: 1784 - 1787
Physical Description: good
Scope/Content: Includes:
1.1 Letter from P. Bader, Hebron (6/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.2 Letter from P. Bader, Hebron (10/11/1784)
1.3 Letter from P. Bader, Hebron (12/8/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.4 Letter from James Birkby, New York (6/19/1784)
1.5 Letter from James Birkby, New York (7/7/1784)
1.6 Letter from James Birkby, New York (10/16/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.7 Letter from James Birkby, New York (5/28/1785) to von Watteville in Philadelphia
1.8 Letter from Friedrich Böhler, Lancaster (12/26/1785)
1.9 Letter from Friedrich Böhler, Lancaster (2/25/1786) to von Watteville in Salem, NC
1.10 Letter from Friedrich Böhler, Lancaster (9/28/1786)
1.11 Letter from Friedrich Böhler, Lancaster (10/27/1786)
1.12 Letter from Ellert and Anna Coordsen (and Simon Heller), Schoeneck (5/13/1785)
1.13 Letter from Simon Dantz, Lititz (9/21/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
1.14 Letter from J. Früs, Philadelphia (11/20/1784)
1.15 Letter from J. Früs, Philadelphia (5/22/1786) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.16 Letter from James Gill, Nazareth (1/28/1787) to von Watteville in Bethelehm
1.17 Letter from the Grube Family (12/1/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.18 Letter from the Grube Family, Hope (4/29/1787) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.19 Letter from the Grube Family, Hope (5/20/1787) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.20 Letter from Daniel Hauser, Hope (5/22/1787) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
1.21 Letter from Johann Andreas Hübner, Bethlehem (9/25/1789)
1.22 Letter from Johann Andreas Hübner, Bethlehem (10/4/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
1.23 Letter from Johann Andreas Hübner, Bethlehem (11/2/1784) to von Watteville in Gnadenthal
1.24 Letter from Johann Andreas Hübner, Bethlehem (11/12/1784)
2. Letters written to von Watteville during his trip to Pennsylvania, organized alphabetically by sender, A-R
Date: 1784 - 1787
Physical Description: good
Scope/Content: Includes:
2.1 Letter from John Heckewelder, Bethlehem (1/7/1785)
2.2 Letter from Otto Krogstrup, Lancaster (6/4/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.3 Letter from Otto Krogstrup, Lancaster (8/28/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.4 Letter from Otto Krogstrup, Lancaster (10/5/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
2.5 Letter from Hermann Lösch (3/23/1787)
2.6 Letter from John Meder, Hope (6/26/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.7 Letter from John Meder, Hope (7/27/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.8 Letter from John Meder, Hope (8/8/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.9 Letter from John Meder, Hope (10/25/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.10 Letter from John Meder, Hope (11/10/1784) to von Watteville in Nazareth
2.11 Letter from John Meder, Hope (11/19/1784) to von Watteville in Nazareth
2.12 Letter from John Meder, Philadelphia (10/31/1785)
2.13 Letter from John Meder, Philadelphia (7/25/1786) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.14 Letter from John Meder, Philadelphia (3/24/1787) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.15 Letter from John Meder, Philadelphia (4/17/1787) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.16 Letter from John Meder to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.17 Letter from George and Theodora Neißer, Yorktown (7/7/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.18 Letter from George and Theodora Neißer, Yorktown (9/16/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
2.19 Letter from George and Theodora Neißer, Philadelphia (9/27/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
2.20 Copies of letters sent to von Watteville. Copy of letter from Wilhem Reichenbach to Mr. Hopson, Lancaster (11/20/1786); copy of letter sent from Wilhem Reichenback to K.O., Lancaster (11/30/1786)
2.21 Letter from Wilhelm Reichenbach, Lancaster (5/6/1786) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
2.22 Letter from Phillip Jacob Reizenbach, Heidelberg (8/2/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3. Letters written to von Watteville during his trip to Pennsylvania, organized alphabetically by sender, R-Z
Date: 1784 - 1786
Physical Description: good
Scope/Content: Includes:
3.1 Letter from John Roth, Mount Joy (6/28/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.2 Letter from John Roth, Yorktown (9/20/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.3 Letter from John Roth, Yorktown (10/7/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.4 Letter from A.L. and Mary Rusmeyer, Lancaster (10/11/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.5 Letter from A.L. and Mary Rusmeyer, Lancaster (2/26/1785)
3.6 Letter from A.L. and Mary Rusmeyer, Lancaster (4/6/1785) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.7 Letter from Friedrich Schmidt, Oldmans Creek (6/3/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.8 Letter from Friedrich Schmidt, Oldmans Creek (8/19/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.9 Letter from Friedrich Schmidt, Philadelphia (10/23/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.10 Letter from Friedrich Schmidt, Newport (11/9/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.11 Letter from Johannes Schnall (11/29/1786) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.12 Letter from John Schropp Nazareth (10/4/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.13 Letter from Johann Schweißhaupt, Monocacy, MD (5/24/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.14 Letter from Johann Schweißhaupt, Monocacy, MD (8/29/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.15 Letter from George Smith, Philadelphia (11/28/1786) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.16 Letter from Daniel Sydrich, Monocacy, MD (10/7/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.17 Letter from Daniel Sydrich, Yorktown (10/1784) to von Watteville in Lititz
3.18 Letter from Edward Thorp, Staten Island (5/12/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.19 Letter from Edward Thorp, Staten Island (8/29/1784) to von Watteville in Bethlehem
3.20 Letter from multiple senders, Bethlehem (8/8/1784)
4. Various writings by or about von Watteville
Date: 1746 - 1788
Physical Description: good
Scope/Content: Includes:
4.1 Account of von Watteville's last days written by his sister-in-law Elisabeth
4.2 Copies of diaries kept by von Watteville during his time as a leader in the church; an account of his visit to Ireland (1752) and an account from 1749
4.3 Description of the discussion held by von Watteville (1762)
4.4 Two essays, possibly sermons, written by von Watteville
4.5 Copy of a eulogy given at von Watteville's funeral; bound in Herrnhut paper (1788)
4.6 Copy of a wedding announcement for von Watteville's wedding to Benigna von Zinzendorf (May 20, 1746); bound in Herrnhut paper