Hidden Collections

Kate Hettasch Papers


Archival Description

Title: Kate Hettasch Papers
Dates: 1911- 1983
Quantity: 6 boxes
Identification: PP HeK
Language of Material: English; German
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

This collection contains personal diaries, correspondence, records, school workbooks, and diaries from Kate but also from her family members, diaries from the Moravian schools in Makkovik and Nain, texts/workbooks, and pupil's work, artwork and greeting cards created by Kate Hettasch, and church material regarding the mission in Labrador and the Moravian Church in Labrador, as well as newspaper clippings regarding Captain Donald Macmillan.


Biography/History

Kate E.M. Hettasch was born to parents Paul Richard and Ellen Mary (Koch) Hettasch on March 31, 1905, in Hopedale, Labrador. She spent the majority of her life in Labrador, however she spent periods of time in Europe and Bethlehem with family members. Her first trip to Europe was in 1908 when her parents were granted their first vacation from serving the Moravian Church as missionaries in Labrador in 10 years. On this trip her oldest brother Waldo remained in Europe with their grandparents to pursue studies and Kate and her family returned to Okak, Labrador where her father served for two years in the hospital. The family then moved to Nain and in 1911 Kate and her older sister left for Europe to study.

Her first years of study were in Holland, including confirmation class in 1920, In 1922 Kate moved to Berlin, Germany, where she learned housekeeping and in 1923 moved to Herrnhut to attend the Kindergarten Seminar near Dresden. In 1923 at a youth rally in Herrnhut there was a call for mission service and Kate volunteered. Kate took her final exams in May 1925 and upon passing accepted a call from the British Mission Board to teach in Labrador. Prior to leaving for Labrador she went to England to learn English.

She was placed in Labrador in 1925 at an English speaking boarding school in Makkovik where she taught until 1928 when she took a furlough to lecture in Switzerland and work in Pancras Hospital in London. Returning to Labrador, Kate received a telegram from the Arctic explorer, Captain Donald Macmillan, requesting that she teach in Nain, Labrador (where her parents lived) where he was building a boarding school for the Eskimo children. Kate accepted and taught in Nain until 1947 when she moved to Bethlehem, Pa., to attend to her ailing parents. While in Bethlehem Kate taught at the Moravian Preparatory School. She returned to Labrador three more times to teach and perform requested missionary services from 1955- 1961, from 1963-1971, and from 1972-1973. In 1973 she chose to retire and moved into the Widows' House in Bethlehem. Kate died on January 16, 1987, at the age of 81 at St. Luke's Hospital in Bethlehem, Pa., after battling cancer. Kate was buried in the Moravian cemetery of Nazareth and is remembered most for her work with children and for her artistic abilities (some drawings have been published in the form of greeting cards and several pieces of her work are included in this collection); for this work she is known as "Labrador Kate."


Custodial History

This material was received at different times by the Moravian Archives and organized by Katey Fardelmann (CLIR project) in August 2011.


Records

Kate Hettasch Papers
1. Personal Materials
1. Diary of Ellen Mary Hettasch
Date: 1954
Physical Description: 1 book
Scope/Content: Includes: written by Kate's mother in the final year of her life, Ellen Mary Hettasch died on April 28, 1954; the last entry in her diary is dated Wednesday, April 14, 1954
Note: Diary title is 1953 however the dates inside are crossed out to reflect the dates for 1954
2. Family Documents - "Nalegapta Piulijiptalo"
Date: 1911
Physical Description: 1 book
Scope/Content: Includes: translations of Bible passages into Inuktitut
Note: Belonged to Paul Hettasch (Kate's father)
3. Notebook of Paul and Kate Hettasch
Date: (1940s)
Physical Description: 1 book
Scope/Content: Includes:
- letter written to Dr. Hutton in Nazareth, Pa., describing the family's journey from Labrador to Bethlehem, Pa., in 1947
- Story of a group of hunters who were lost at sea on a ice patch only to survive and jump to safety on the island where Hopedale was located
- The story of how the boarding school in Nain was started
- Outline of the life of Kate Hettasch to be a farewell to the people close to her heart and written in the form of chapters
- A letter describing "Deutsche Stunde" written by unknown author (handwriting seems to match Kate's)
Note: Pages appear to be missing
4. Family Documents
Date: 1923-1926, 1932-1934, 1946
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Travel Journal to Labrador by Waldo Hettasch (Kate's older brother) 1946 - received at the archives on August 22, 2007 from his daughter Wilhelmina Hettasch
- Sermons given by Paul Hettasch (1923-1926, 1932-1934, 1946)
- "Milch Strasse" Poem written by A.S.L.A.F. Koch (Kate's grandmother on her mother's side), undated
- Notebook with a letter from the Hettasch "Kindern" to their parents and a responding letter to "Lieb Katje" from parents, undated
5. Guest book from the farewell meeting at Nain Moravian Mission School
Date: August 21, 1930
Physical Description: 1 book
6. Birthday book
Date: without date
Physical Description: Front cover missing, back cover and front and back pages seperated from binding
Note: Title of Book: "Tagebuch" however the book was used to record birthdays
7. Personal correspondence - letters and greeting cards
Date: 1957 - 1970, 1980, 1982
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Letter of September 9, 1957 from Hebron to "Herzens Geschwister in der weiten Ferne" (missing last pages, writer unknown)
- Letter of March 18, 1968 from Ernst Naumann in Koenigstein (birthday wishes and greetings)
- Letter of October 2, 1969 from Ernst Naumann in Koenigstein (greetings)
- Letter of May 2, 1970 from Kate Hettasch to Ed (friend and publisher) regarding chapters for a book on Labrador Eskimos (enclosed with letter is the original draft of the final chapter "Future of the Labrador Eskimo)
- Letter of August 12, 1970 from Mr. Carroll King to Rutherford Platt regarding the publication of Kate's artwork
- Letter undated responding to requests to assist in getting Kate's artwork published
- Letters of April 5, 1980 and July 28, 1980 between Brother John Ziegler and Kate Hettasch
- Note of thanks undated
- Final page of a letter, undate, unknown author
- Greeting cards sent by Kate to "friends" (Jean and Paul, Bill, Willie, Herndon and Joel)
Note: Letters organized in chronological order
8. Annual newsletters
Date: 1955 - 1961
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Christmas Greeting, October 22, 1955 from Hebron, Labrador (3 copies on different templates)
- The Night before Sunday, October 13, 1956 from Hebron, Labrador
- Our Lamb Has Conquered Him Let Us Follow, March 1, 1957, Hebron Labrador (5 copies)
- Advent 3rd, December 1957, Hebron, Labrador (2 copies)
- Spinster Nook, 1959, Makkovik, Labrador
- Thank You Davidealuk, February 28, 1959, Makkovik, Labrador (includes a list of "Threads of Love" - colors which Kate appreciates)
- Christ Eternity, January 1960, Makkovik, Labrador
- Youth Ralley, 1960-1961, Makkovik, Labrador (2 copies)
Note: These items were not identified by Kate as "newsletters" however seem to be sent out by Kate yearly to several recipients (there are multiple copies of several)
9. Correspondence and annual newsletters, undated and fragments
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Moravian Prayer Union, Hebron, Labrador (2 copies)
- Society of the Friends of the North Labrador Mission, January 22, Makkovik, Labrador
- Second Christmas Day
- God Save our Gracious Queen, Hebron, Labrador
- Christmas Evening, Hebron Church, Labrador
Note: These items were not identified by Kate as "newsletters" however seem to be sent out by Kate yearly to several recipients (there are multiple copies of several)
10. Christmas newsletters
Date: 1982 - 1985
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: These items were not identified by Kate as "newsletters" however seem to be sent out by Kate at Christmas to several recipients (there are multiple copies of several)
11. Travel diaries/newsletters of Kate's travels in Europe
Date: 1960 - 1961
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: Note: There is a slight discrepancies between the dates Kate wrote on her newsletters and the corresponding dates for trips to Europe in her obituary and Lebenslauf
12. Personal/travel diaries
Date: 1928
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Journey on Dogteam with two children to Makkovik - 1928 (believe this is Buch/Heft I)
- October 6 - October 15: Reise Eindruecke Heft II
- October 17- October 31: Buch III Reise Eindruecke
- November 1 - November 13: Buch IV Reise Eindruecke
- November 13- December 22: Buch V Reise Eindrueke
Note: These diaries were intended for her parents in Labrador
13. Diary kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1930
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: October 17- October 29
Note: Diary intended for her parents in Labrador - Additional diaries for the year probably existed but were not included with the material at the Archives
14. Diary kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1931
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- October 7- October 19: Heft II
- Tagebuch Heft III (entries dated evening Oct 28 - Nov. 11)
- Tagebuch Heft 4: November 11 - November 25
- Tagebuch Heft 5: November 29- December 9
Note: Diaries intended for her parents in Labrador - Heft I was not included with the material donated to the Archives
15. Diaries kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1932 - 1933
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Tagebuch No. 8: January 14- January 19
- Tagebuch Heft No. 7: January 20 - February 11
- Tagebuch Heft No. 8: February 12- March 8 (note in back from Irmela)
- No. 9: March 15- April 12
- Tagebuch Heft 10: April 15th-May 31
- Tagebuch Heft 11: July 22- August 24
- Tagebuch: November 5- November 18
- December 6, 1932 - January 14, 1933
Note: - Diaries intended for her parents in Labrador - Numbers reported as written on notebooks; process for numbering unknown
16. Diaries kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1933
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- January - February 2
- February 5- February 10
- February 16- March 11
- May 19- June 1
- June 18 - July 6
- December 7 - December 16
Note: Diaries intended for her parents in Labrador - Several notebooks appear to be missing between July and December
17. Diaries kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1934
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Tagebuch, Labrador, January 1 - February 13
- Tagebuch, Herrnhut and Niesky, February 15- March 6
- Tagebuch, Labrador, March 7 - March 26
- Tagebuch, Labrador, March 26 - April 18
- Tagebuch, Labrador, April 18- May 17
- Tagebuch, Zeist, May 18 - June 16
Note: Diaries intended for her parents in Labrador
18. Diaries kept by Kate Hettasch
Date: 1940s, 1983, unknown
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- two Tagebuch with unknown dates: "Tagebuch Heft No. 9" - intended to be read by Kate's parents and "II"
- The Ready Reference Diary: 1945 (entries made only in April, October - early December)
- Notebook entries dated October 18, 1949 - December 4, 1949
- Reflections on a Marvelous Birthday! Number 50: March 24, 1983
19. Childhood school notebooks and textbooks
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Grammatik (Lenz)
- "My notes on..." (writing exercises)
- Schrijfcursus (writing exercises)
20. Childhood school notebooks and textbooks
Date: without date
Physical Description: binding are loose/fragile- front covers especially
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Aufsaetze (written in Herrnhut)
- Bourquin'schen Uebungen der Eskimosprache
- Waltons Lecutures (notes on hospital procedures, most likely during Kate's work at Pancras Hospital in London)
2. School Material
24. Pupil's Work
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Assignments ("My Teacher...", etc.)
- School Programs/Productions ("Christmas Eve at Hebron 1957," "Programm Easter Monday 1959," "Away in the Manger," "Services for Christmas 1964," "Christmas Play 1966")
- Student Letters/Penpals
25. Pupil's Work
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Student "Publications" ("Rhyming is Fun!," "Voices")
- Student Prayers and Hymns
- Newspaper articles on the school ("A Week of Fun for Nain Children 1976")
Note: Newspaper articles were copied from the originals and the originals were discarded
26. School Notebooks of Pupils
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 size
27. School Textbooks/Notebooks
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Note: appear to be for general grammatical use
28. School Inventories/Reports
Date: 1936-1941, 1954-56
Physical Description: Cover of "Inventory" falling apart
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Macmillan Moravian Mission School, List of Dinners and Suppers - 1936-1941
- Reports on Pupils, Hebron School, September 1954- June 1956
- Inventory, School Supplies and Equipment, Hebron School, 1955
29. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Makkovik and Nain
Date: 1926 - 1931
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Tagebuch Makkovik, February 4, 1926- December 1927
- School Diary of Nain Moravian Mission School, October 23 -November 26, 1930
- School Diary of Nain Moravian Mission School, November 26- January 16, 1931
30. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1931
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- School Diary, October 24 - March 12, 1931 (includes descricption of advent)
- Diary of Nain School, April- July 1931
31. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1931 - 1932
Physical Description: 1 book
Note: Title says "Nain Purchases July 1923" but the book contains a school diary for the above years written by Sylvia Potter and Kate Hettasch
32. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1934 - 1935
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- School Diary, November 1934 (actually October - December 1934) by L.M. and K.H.
- Diary Nain School, October -November 16, 1935 by F.G. and K.H.
33. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1932 - 1936
Physical Description: 1 book
34. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1937 - 1940
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Diary, Nain School, October 1937, by K.H. and M.N.
- Diary, Nain School, May- June 1938, by K.H. and M.N.
- School Diary, 1939-April 1, 1940, by F.G. and K.H.
35. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1940 - 1941
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: three diaries from Nain Boarding School dated 1940-1941
36. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1940 - 1942
Physical Description: 1 book
Scope/Content: Includes: Diary of Nain Boarding School 1940-1942
37. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain
Date: 1943
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- School Diary I, Monday January 1943, Nain, Labrador
- School Diary II, Tuesday February 1943, Nain, Labrador
3. Artwork
21. Artwork by "Labrador Kate"
Date: 1915, 1957-1958, 1982
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Tekenschrift
- Naturkundeschrift (September, 1915)
- Drawings of Hebron, Labrador (1957-1958)
- Drawings on placemats
* Images from Moravian missions
1732- Virgin Islands (drawn January 1982)
1738 - Susiname (drawn February 1982)
1754- Jamaica (drawn March 1982)
1756 - West Indies (drawn April 1982)
1771 - Labrador (drawn May 1982)
1792 - South Africa West (drawn June 1982)
1828- East Africa South (drawn July 1982)
1849- Nicaragua (drawn August 1982)
1856-1865- Tibet (drawn September 1982)
1885 - Alaska (drawn October 1982)
1897 - Tanzania- Unyamwesi (drawn November 1982)
1930 - Honduras (drawn December 1982)
* Happy Birthday January, February, March, April (unknown date)
* December Holiday Placemats (2 Novembers and 1 May)
22. Artwork - Greeting cards by "Labrador Kate"
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Published Work (undated, published by the Moravian Book Shop in Bethlehem, PA)
- Sketches (Life in Labrador, Animals of Labrador)
23. Artwork by Kate's students (greeting cards)
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: drawings by multiple students including Gordon Voisey., D.D., Frank Dicker, S. Dicker, Ken D., Eli Merkuratsuk, Dorman Webb, Dina Ha, and Jane
4. Church Material
38. School diary kept by Kate Hettasch in Nain and notes on Labrador Mission
Date: 1941
Physical Description: 1 book
39. Labrador Mission Material
Date: 1947 - 1986
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- "The Paper That Talked" by Harold Murray (description of the founding of the Moravian Mission)
- Moravian Missions, February 1947: A Call for Teachers in Labrador
- Labrador Moravian, Spring 1985/Winter 1985-86 (the official magazine of the Moravian Church in Labrador)
- Article from a French magazine regarding Labrador and the Mission Schools
- Posters for the presentation of "Unitas Fratum: The Story of the Moravians in Labrador"
40. Church Material -Sundry
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- What "was" and "is" and "is to be" (poem undated)
- "Erlösung vom Bösen"
- "Nalegapta Piulijiptalo Jesusis Kristusib Aniavianut" - Hopedale, 1943
- Lists of Christmas Services of an unknown year in Labrador
5. Miscellaneous
41. Notes on Labrador
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- "Notigen: Sammeln von Insekten in Labrador" - notes on the insects in Labrador
- "Labrador" - description of life in Labrador
- "The Labradorian," August 23, 1979
42. MacMillan Articles
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: articles on the founding of the Macmillan-Moravian Mission School in Nain, Labrador as well as articles on Macmillan's exploits as an Arctic explorer (particularly on Donald MacMillan's last voyage on the Schooner Bowdoin
Note: All newspaper clippings were copied from the original and the originals were discarded - the Macmillans founded the Nain MacMillan Mission School in Labrador and requested that Kate be the teacher; Kate and the MacMillans were friends and colleagues for many years; the MacMillans assissted in getting Kate's artwork published in the United States
43. Bookmarks
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder