Hidden Collections

Adolf Hartmann Papers


Archival Description

Title: Adolf Hartmann Papers
Dates: 1858-1915 (1951)
Quantity: 2 boxes
Identification: PP HJAH
Language of Material: English; German
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

The collection contains diaries, kept by Hartmann, and correspondence with family members and church officials. There are also notes on the family and the mission areas where they worked.


Biography/History

Johann Adolphus Hieronymus (Jerome) Hartmann was born in Charlottenburg, Surinam, on October 23 1831. His father was Johann Gottlieb Hartmann (1796-1844) and his mother was Marie Lobach (1798-1853). His parents were both Moravian missionaries and both died while at the Moravian mission in Suriname, South America. Hartmann had three siblings: Heinrich, and Marie (married Heyde, 1837-1917) and another sister. Hartmann was sent to the mission school in Germany at age 5 where he was schooled for 8 years before apprenticing and then working as a porcelain-stove manufacturer for several years. He joined the service of the church at age 23 and served as a teacher in the Moravian Boys' School in Fulneck, England. During this time he studied and prepared for the ministry. In 1863 he married Mary Hines (1838-1916) and then traveled with her to Ebenezer, Australia, where he served as a missionary until 1872, when he had to return to England because of his wife's bad health. After a nine-month break he was sent to New Fairfield in Ontario, Canada, where he served as a missionary to the Delaware Indians. In 1884 he was sent to Alaska to select a site for a new mission there. Adolf Hartmann eventually retired in 1896 and moved to Nazareth, PA, where he resided until his death on November 19, 1906. Adolf had two children: son Henry J. (1868-1951) and daughter Eleanor.


Restrictions

unrestricted


Custodial History

The records were given to the Moravian Archives in 1979 by the retirement home where Elizabeth Hartmann, granddaughter of Adolf Hartmann, died in 1978. Although the records were processed by Vernon Nelson in 1984, the finding aid was misplaced with the accession files, so the existence of the finding aid was unknown until after a new finding aid was compiled by Mark Whitmeyer, student at Lehigh University working on the CLIR grant in 2010/2011. The collection which was previously mislabeled as Elizabeth Hartmann Collection is now correctly named as Adolf Hartmann Papers.


Records

Adolf Hartmann Papers
1. Correspondence
1. Letter book, containing copies of letters written by Adolf Hartmann mostly to Australian officials
Date: 1868 - 1871
Physical Description: 1 volume (ca. 250 p.)
2. Letter book, containing copies of letters written by Adolf Hartmann to family members
Date: 1864 - 1871
Physical Description: 1 volume (498 p.)
Scope/Content: also contains some official letters
3. Letters, written by Adolf and Mary Hartmann to their parents and siblings
Date: n.d., 1864 - 1871
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters written to A. Hines (mother of Mary Hartmann), Daniel Hines (brother of Mary Hartmann), John Hines (brother of Mary Hartmann), John Hines (father of Mary Harmann), and Sallie Hines (wife of brother John Hines)
4. Letters, written by Adolf and Mary Hartmann to each other
Date: 1859 - 1899
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Also includes letters written by Henry J. Hartmann (son of Adolf and Mary) to his mother
5. Letters, written by Heinrich Hartmann and his daughters to Adolf
Date: 1898 - 1900
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters from Heinrich Hartmann (brother of Adolf) and a letter from Marie and Lydia Hartmann (daughters of Heinrich Hartmann)
6. Letters, written by members of the Heyde family to the Hartmanns
Date: 1859 - 1915
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters from Gerhard Heyde, Sophie Heyde, Marie Heyde, Wilhelm Heyde, Karl Hartig, and Maria Hartig
7. Letters, written by members of the Hines family to the Hartmanns
Date: 1873 - 1915
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters written by A. Hines (mother of Mary Hartmann), Daniel Hines (brother of Mary Hartmann), John Hines (brother of Mary Hartmann), John Hines (Father of Mary Hartmann), Sallie Hines (wife of brother John Hines), and T. H. Hines (cousin of Mary Hartmann) and a letter written by F Hines to another member of the Hines family
8. Letters, written by Moravian officials to the Hartmanns
Date: 1863 - 1873
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: letters from Levin F. Reichel and Rev. de Schweinitz
2. Diaries
9. Diary written by Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1863 - 1873
Physical Description: 1 volume (ca. 400 p.)
10. Diary written by Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1864 - 1870
Physical Description: 1 volume (ca. 100 p.)
Scope/Content: Includes: diary of voyage to Australia
11. Diaries, written by Adolf and Mary Hartmann
Date: 1858 - 1884
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: diaries from Himalayas, Fulneck (England), Canada, and Alaska
12. Diary of Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1897 - 1898
Physical Description: 1 volume (ca. 400 p.)
13. Diary of Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1900
Physical Description: 1 volume (ca. 400 p.)
3. Other Family Documents
14. Ordination certificate of Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1867
Physical Description: 1 folder
15. Henry James Hartmann's picture book
Date: n.d., 1872
Physical Description: 1 volume (15 p.)
16. Memoirs
Date: n.d., 1906 - 1951
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: memoirs of Daniel Hines, Adolf Hartmann, Henry James Hartmann, and Marie Hartmann.
27. Poems, written by Mary Hartmann
Date: 1862 - 1864
Physical Description: 1 booklet
4. Notes and Other Documentation
17. Notes on the mission in Kyelang, Tibet
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
18. Notes on the life of Marie Hartmann
Date: 1853 - 1917
Physical Description: 1 folder
19. Poetry
Date: n.d., 1858
Physical Description: 1 folder
20. Letter written by Rev. Mackie to a Melbourne newspaper
Date: 1869
Physical Description: 1 item
Scope/Content: Includes: information about the Moravian mission in Australia
21. Personal notebook of Adolf Hartmann
Date: 1872
Physical Description: 1 volume, (ca. 200 p.)
22. Text of a lantern slide presentation on the Moravian mission in Australia
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
23. Notes by Adolf Hartmann and others on the Moravian missions in Australia, Alaska, and Suriname
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes: also a note on the traditional Moravian Christmas celebration
24. Sermon by Adolf Hartmann
Date: n.d.
Physical Description: 1 folder
25. History of the Kinsey family
Date: 1906
Physical Description: 1 folder
26. Various articles in Moravian publications on Adolf Hartmann and family members
Date: 1906 - 1926
Physical Description: 1 folder