Hidden Collections

Max Hark Papers


Archival Description

Title: Max Hark Papers
Dates: 1895-1922
Quantity: 1 box
Identification: PP HM
Language of Material: German
Location: Moravian Church Archives
Alternate View: View Moravian Archives Finding Aid

Scope/Contents

This collection contains manuscripts and publications of literary work written by J. Max Hark. These works include historical, sociological, and fictional writing, multiple pieces on the Moravian Church and Christianity, as well as a collection of opinion pieces published several times a month (1913-19200 in "The Moravian" entitled "My Notebook."


Biography/History

Joseph Maximilian Hark (known as Max Hark) was born on June 4, 1849 in Philadelphia to Joseph and Maria Louise (Bute) Hark. From 1865-1870 Max attended Moravian College and Theological Seminary. He was ordained as a deacon on September 7, 1873 in Nazareth by Bishop H.A. Schultz. He was married to Pedronilla/Matilda Theresa Crosta on October 7, 1873 with whom he had three children, Hugo Crosta (November 1, 1874), Hilda Theresa (January 1, 1886), and Anna Amelia (August 27, 1890). Hark was consecrated as a presbyter on May 20, 1875 in Lebanon, Pa. by Bishop E. de Schweinitz. He served as a pastor for several Moravian communities: Lebanon, Pa. (1873-1876 and again May 8, 1910- March 4, 1917), Philadelphia (Second Church) (1876-1881), and Lancaster, Pa. (1881-1893). He served as the principal of the Moravian Young Ladies Seminary in Bethlehem (1893- June 1909). After a brief retirement in Mt. Gretna after his service to the Seminary, Max returned to serve again as a minister in Lebanon. He was engaged throughout his life in literary work (some of which can be found in this collection) and helped edit "The Moravian" from 1881-1885. He received a D.D. from Franklin Marshall College in 1893. After his last appointment in Lebanon Hark retired to Mt. Gretna and later went to visit with his son, Dr. Hugo Hark, in St. Croix, Virgin Islands, West Indies. While in St. Croix Joseph Maximilian fell ill and died on July 24, 1930. His wife died on August 11, 1932.


Restrictions

unrestricted


Custodial History

The papers were received by the Archives at an unknown date. This collection was catalogued by Katey Fardelmann in August 2011.


Records

Max Hark Papers
1. Manuscripts
1. Manuscripts on Sociology and History
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
"The Family and the Social Unrest" - A Sociological Study by J. Max Hark (a manuscript with edits; never appears to have been published; date of writing unknown)
"Shekomeko: An Episode of Colonial History" (a manuscript with edits; date of writing unknown)
Note: - manuscripts are typed
2. Manuscripts on the Moravian Church and other Christian Denominations
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- The Moravian and Episcopalian Churches
- The Moravian and the Methodist Churches
- The Moravian and the Presbyterian Churches
- The Moravian and the Reformed Churches
Note: - works appear to be part of a single collection with the aim of identifying commonalities between the Moravian Church and these other demoninations - all manuscripts are typed - there are no dates on manuscripts and they never appear to have been published
3. The Moravian Church (Manuscripts)
Date: without date
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- Advent Preparations (handwritten; date written unknown)
-The Mission Work of the Moravian Church (typed; date written unknown)
2. Published works
4. Articles on the Moravian Church and Christianity
Date: 1895 - 1922
Physical Description: 1 folder
Scope/Content: Includes:
- "The Moravian Church and the Higher Education of Women" by J. Max Hark, D.D. (a paper read before the Third Synod of the First District, held at Bethlehem, Pa, May 8-10, 1895)
- "Christian Liberty" by the Rev. J. Max Hark, D.D. (published in The Outlook on October 7, 1899 pp. 334- 338)
- "The Testimony of the Spirit" by Prof. Max Hark (published in The Reformed Church Review No. 4, October 1895, pp. 433 - 445)
- "Christianity and the Family" by J. Max Hark, D.D. (published in The Reformed Chuch Review No. 1, January 1908, pp. 453 - 472)
- "Address at the Alumni Luncheon of the Moravian College and Theological Seminary" by J. Max Hark (June 1922)
- "In Hoc Signo Vinces" J. Max Hark (pp. 84-93; date and location of publication unknown)
5. "My Notebook" (1913 -1916)
Date: 1913 - 1916
Physical Description: Edges of pages frayed but damage insignificant
Scope/Content: Includes opinion pieces covering a range of topics (religion, housecleaning, popular culture, literature reviews/critical analysis of publications/theories, news on World War I, politics and history, travels, weather/nature, etc) published on the dates of:
1913: June 25; October 1
1914: January 14, 28; February 11, 25; March 11, 25; April 22; May 20; June 3, 17; July 1, 15, 29; September 9; October 7; November 4; December 2, 16, 30
1915: January 13, 27; February 10, 24; March 10, 24; April 7, 21; May 5, 19, 23; October 27; November 24; December 8, 15, 29
1916: January 5, 19; February 2, 16; March 1, 15, 29; April 12, 26; May 10, 24; June 7; July 5, 19; August 16, 30; September 13, 27; October 11, 25; November 8, 22; December 13, 27
Note: - All of these articles were published in "The Moravian" - Articles arranged in chronological order
6. "My Notebook" (1917 -1920)
Date: 1917 - 1920
Physical Description: Edges of pages frayed but damage insignificant
Scope/Content: Includes opinion pieces covering a range of topics (religion, housecleaning, popular culture, literature reviews/critical analysis of publications/theories, news on World War I, politics and history, travels, weather/nature, etc) published on the dates of:
1917: January 10, 24; February 7; March 7, 28; April 11, 25; May 9; June 6, 20; July 4, 18; August 1,15, 29; November 7, 21; December 5, 19;
1918: January 2, 16, 30; February 27; March 13, 27; April 10, 24; May 15, 29; June; July 10, 31; August 14; September 11; October 16; November 6, 27; December 18
1919: February 5, 26; March 19; May 21; June 18
1920: March 3; April 7, 21; May 26; July 14; August 4, 25
Note: - All of these articles were published in "The Moravian" - Articles arranged in chronological order
7. Sundry Publications
Date: 1892, 1900, 1920,
Physical Description: Articles from The Moravian discolored, frayed in several places, and taped together
Scope/Content: Includes:
- "John Amos Comenius: The Personal Life and Character" an address by J. Max Hark (February, 1892; published in The National Educational Association, pp. 196- 204)
- "En Hondfull Faersch: Experiments in Pennsylvania-German Verse [with an introduction on The Capability of the Pennsylvania-German for Poetic Expresssion] by J. Max Hark (reprinted from The Proceedings of the Pennsylvania- German Society, 1900)
- "Olga - The Octaroon" and "Gottfried Partsch" by J. Max Hark (newspaper articles published in The Moravian in 1920)
Note: - The contents of the "En Hondfull Faersch" booklet were originally communicated to the Pennsylvania-German Society, at its Annual Meeting at Ephrata, Pa., October 1899 - Articles "Olga - The Octaroon" and "Gottfried Partsch" were bound and pasted into a notebook (assuming by Max Hark); these are the original newspaper clippings, no copies were made