|Title: ||[Letter] 1863 March 8, State of VA, Camp [Hays es?] Brigade [to] Louisa [Miss Elizabeth Bickham], Louisiana / William T. Bickham.|
|Personal Author: ||Bickham, William T.|
|Date: ||1863 March 8.|
|Extent: || leaves.|
|Accompanying Material: ||The letter is accompanied by its original envelope with Confederate stamps.|
|General Note: ||There is a raised white seal in the upper-left corner of the recto. The letter is part of the Stuckey-Nunn collection of Civil War correspondence between Union soldiers (Joseph D. Richardson and Francis Rupert) and their families.|
|Abstract: ||Bickham addresses the letter to his cousin, stating that he is doing well and there have not been any deaths in camp since the Battle of Fredericksburg. He comforts his cousin on the loss of "our beloved Francis" with the knowledge that he fell bravely and his loss is much regretted by all the company. Bickham reveals, "I have bin a witness to death in all its horrors since I have bin a soldier in this troublesome war. I have bin on the Battle field & have seen men fall on my right & left. I have heard the prayers of the wounded & dying & heard them call for help & beg for water at mid nights gloomy hours & even then assistance to them was impossible by their unhappy hearers." He speculates that most soldiers die from inadequate medical care. Bickham states that he has been spared so far, and hopes to live to see peace. He discusses the possibility of foreign intervention, and declares that Yankee boasting doesn't alarm him-"they may exterminate us but they never will conquer." In a moment of levity, Bickham says that he has seen his first "scating" this winter, but wonder gives way to the realities of talking about reduced rations and scarce blankets. He closes by stating that they are camped on Rapahannoc River near Fredericksburg; the Yankees are on the east bank, and the Confederates are on the west, close enough to see one another.|
|Personal Subject: ||Bickham, William T.--Correspondence.|
|Corporate Subject: ||Confederate States of America--History|
United States. Army--Military life--History.
|Subject: ||United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Confederate|
Soldiers--Confederate States of America--Social conditions--Anecdotes.
|Geographical Subject: ||Fredericksburg Region (Va.)-- History--Civil War, 1861-1865.|
|Recipient: ||Bickham, Elizabeth [Louisa].|