|Title: ||[Letter] 1792 December 13, Philadelphia / James Monroe and Jacob Clingman.|
|Personal Author: ||Monroe, James, 1758-1831|
|Date: ||1792 December 13.|
|Extent: || leaves.|
|General Note: ||This letter is part of a numbered series sent by Monroe regarding the Reynolds affair in 1792. See others in the collection as well as additional 1797 letters from Hamilton and Monroe referencing the Reynolds affair. See also Hamilton's biography and a guide to research collections of his papers (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000101), as well as Monroe's official White House biography (http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/jm5.html) and a guide to researching his papers (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000858).|
|Abstract: ||Monroe records Clingman's testimony to which Clingman signs an oath on the final page. Clingman states that while visiting with Mrs. Reynolds, Hamilton arrived with a paper he had been "ordered" to give Mr. Reynolds. When Clingman questioned Mrs. Reynolds, she said that Hamilton does not want it known, but that he had given them $1100 and had made $30,000 in speculation; Mr. Reynolds later told Clingman that he could get money from Hamilton to pay his debts. When Reynolds was imprisoned, Hamilton advised Mrs. Reynolds to seek help from Wolcott or Muhlenberg; instead, she received aid from Colonel Wadsworth who had served with her husband's father. She tells Clingman that she has burned all of Hamilton's letters except for two or three to which his name is not attached. When released from prison, Reynolds sent a message to Hamilton by a girl, whom he followed, while being followed himself by Clingman. Hamilton agreed to meet with Reynolds the following morning. This is one of a series of letters in the collection referring to Hamilton's involvement in the "Reynolds scandal." In 1797 accusations were brought against Hamilton by James Monroe and others, alleging that Hamilton had bribed James Reynolds to cover up financial misconduct during his tenure as Secretary of the Treasury; to preserve the honor of the financial system, Hamilton confessed that the blackmail payments resulted from an affair with Reynolds' wife, Maria. Born in the British West Indies, Hamilton was effectively orphaned at age 11, and emigrated to America where he served with Washington during the Revolution. After the war he attended the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, publishing the Federalist papers in installments in 1787, and becoming Washington's Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795). Hamilton's public opposition to Aaron Burr's gubernatorial candidacy in New York resulted in a challenge from Burr, and in the ensuing duel Hamilton was fatally wounded. The recipient of the letter, James Monroe would become the fifth President of the United States; he also served in the Revolution, as a Senator from Virginia (1790-94), as a member of the Continental Congress (1783-86), as Minister to France under Washington (1894-96) and Jefferson (1803, also England 1803-07), as Madison's Secretary of State (1811-17), and as Secretary of War (1814-15). Frederick Muhlenberg was a preacher and politician, member of the Continental Congress (1779-80) and the House of Representatives (1789-1797) where he was the Speaker of the House for the first and third Congresses.|
|Personal Subject: ||Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804|
Monroe, James, 1758-1831--Correspondence
Muhlenberg, Frederick Augustus Conrad, 1750-1801
Wolcott, Oliver, 1760-1833.
|Corporate Subject: ||Presidents--United States--Correspondence.|
|Subject: ||United States--Intellectual life--18th century|
United States--Politics and government--1783-1809.