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- Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
[Letter] 1851 December 26, San Francisco [to] Mr. Gwinn, Washington, [D.C.] / J[ohn]. C[harles]. Fremont.
Frémont writes to obtain copies of the contracts made with the Indian Council which he sent by Lieut. Beale. He reminds the recipient that he took on that task at a time when no one else was willing or able to do it, and request reasonable consideration as a result. He reports that Wozencraft has acted badly and is treating with the Indians in Los Angeles. With proper agents, he stipulates, the "work could be carried out with more unity and more economically." An explorer and later a politician and soldier, Frémont's career began in the United States Topographical Corps surveying a prospective railway route between Charleston and Cincinnati; another assignment took him to Georgia on a relocation of the Cherokees and a reconnaissance of their territories. He conducted a series of expeditions into the West with Kit Carson as his guide, publishing popular descriptive accounts like Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains 1843. He aided in the conquest of California and the capturing of Los Angeles in 1847; after political difficulties with Generals Kearney and Stockton, Frémont was court martialed and found guilty of mutiny and insubordination, though President Polk later waived the conviction. Frémont's varied political activities include unsuccessful runs for President, a brief term in the Senate, and a stint as territorial governor of Arizona; he also served in the Civil War and made a fortune in gold in the Sierra foothills.
- Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849.
[Letter] 1841 January 1, Philadelphia [to] Isaac Smith, New York / Edmund Gaines.
Gaines responds to Smith, the Corresponding Secretary for the New York Lyceum, assenting to the proposal that he and Mrs. Gaines will discourse before the group on "National Defence" and the "Horrors of War" to the unprepared. Though declaring that he and Mrs. Gaines are unpracticed in the "Sublime Science of Elocution," Gaines recognizes the importance of the topic in light of the revolution that the implementation of steam-power has made in the "art of war" for ships and vehicles of land transport, thus nullifying past strategies of combat. Gaines states that it would be treason for him to remain silent on this topic, and while he thanks the Directors for their offer of remuneration, he declines to expect any "pecuniary compensation" for his efforts. Gaines began his military career as a young man; he took part in the arrest of Aaron Burr and acted as a witness at his trial; in the War of 1812 he defended Fort Erie from the attacks of the British, receiving a gold medal from Congress. He joined Andrew Jackson in warfare with the Creek and Seminole Native American populations during the Black Hawk War (1832). Gaines' zeal for his country's defense led to his court martial for issuing preemptive orders for volunteer troops to join in the Mexican War; Gaines was often at odds with the War Department and General Winfield Scott.
- Galsworthy, John, 1867-1933.
[Letter] 1907 November 4, Chelsea Embankment [to] [William Henry Hudson] / John Galsworthy.
Galsworthy praises Hudson's The purple land and declares that since his books have given Galsworthy so much delight, he ventures to send his own book as a "prima facie evidene that he whom you have enchanted knows the nib from the feather of a pen." A traveller and a naturalist, William Henry Hudson wrote The purple land that England lost: travels and adventures in the Banda Oriental, South America (1885), a book featuring descriptions of Uruguay. Perhaps in part due to their correspondence, Galsworthy later wrote the introduction to Hudson's Green mansions: a romance of the tropical forest (1916 edition) in which he sympathized with the novel's revolt against people's enslavement to mechanistic culture. A playwright and a novelist, notable for his production of the Forsyte Saga (1922), plays like The Skin Game and short story collections such as The Five Tales (1918), Galsworthy's works mark the end of the Victorian era and the beginning of the modernist period.
- Harrison, Frederic, 1831-1923.
[Letter] 1912 March 11 [to] Mr. Cope / Frederic Harrison.
Harrison thanks the recipient for the pamphlet which he states he is carrying in his overcoat pocket to make the time pass during his long, slow train ride on the following day. He reminisces about a house with "Oxford memories" as it was occupied by Sir W. Anson and the first Lord Goucher, Harrison's Oxford contemporary in 1853. He mentions the Wallace Collection in Manchester Square as well as the Spectator and its critics; he also lists the people he has been corresponding with, including Burne-Jones. In a postscript he mentions the names of those who have received recent honors and states that he will be proud to be one of them once two other names have been added as well. Harrison was a political scientist who wrote on a variety of subjects including the medieval period, Oliver Cromwell, John Ruskin, and George Washington.
- Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841.
[Letter] 1840 December 10, Cincinnati [to] Judge Burnet / W[illiam]. H[enry]. Harrison.
Harrison states that he has just landed from the Louisville mail boat and wishes to see his friend. This letter is written during Harrison's brief tenure as the ninth President of the United States (1840-1841). Before assuming this office, he served as Territorial Governor of Indiana (1801-1813) during which time he presided over conflicts with the Native American population, resulting in his decisive victory at Tippecanoe in 1811. He also fought in the War of 1812 and served as a Representative and a Senator from Ohio.
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