6-10 of 21 Items.
- Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870.
[Letter] 1848 June, Liverpool [to Charles M. Evans] / Charles Dickens.
Dickens was touring with a group of Amateurs (friends and family members), performing plays in order to raise money for two other friends, Leigh Hunt and Sheridan Muspratt, both of whom were having personal troubles and difficulty in earning a living at the time. Dickens throughout his life enjoyed acting and producing plays and was evidently very good on stage; later in his life he traveled widely (including America), giving dramatic readings of his own works. On 5 June 1848 the Amateurs performed in Liverpool; the next night they were due in Birmingham--leaving Liverpool "not later than halfpast nine that morning and rehearsing "Every Man in his Humour" at "One o'Clock exactly" at the Theatre, Birmingham ready for the performance the same night.
The handbill was perhaps to the effect that one of the advertised actors, Dickens’ friend, the artist John Leech, was unable to be there (because of the desperate illness of his only child), and giving the names of the professional actor, Henry Scharf, who would take over his part as Master Matthew.
Charles M. Evans was the Secretary of the Birmingham Polytechnic and had formed a Birmingham Theatricals Committee with himself as Secretary and J.T. Lawrence as Chairman; the performances were given in the Theatre Royal. There was a second performance on 27 June, this time the Amateurs played "The Merry Wives of Windsor" and "Two o'Clock in the Morning". Both plays were reviewed with enthusiasm in the "Birmingham Journal" on 10 and 28 June 1848.
Margaret Brown & Angus Easson / Editors, The Letters of Charles Dickens.
- Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.
[Letter] 1946 January 31 [to] David G. Samuel, Jr., Coldwater Michigan / A. Einstein [Albert Einstein].
Einstein briefly explains why the law of conservation of mass is "now recognized as not holding in principle." Originally born in Germany, Einstein had become a naturalized Swiss citizen at 15; he taught at the universities of Zurich, Deutsche, and Prague, returning to Germany to accept an appointment at the University of Berlin in 1914. In 1921 he won the Nobel Prize for physics, and in 1933 he relocated to the United States where he became a naturalized citizen in 1940, and a member of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton (1933-55). His work included the advancement of the theory of relativity, a study of the influence of gravity on light, and the equivalence of mass and energy. His published works include The Meaning of Relativity (1923) and Why War? which he published with Freud in 1933.
- Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
[Letter] 1764 June 7, Philadelphia (Pa.) [to] William Strahan / B. Franklin [Benjamin Franklin].
Franklin acknowledges receiving the sender's favor and promises to answer fully. Franklin asks the sender to find out if he's slighted by William Becket so that he can amend for any fault he may have committed. Franklin mentions that he left receipts for subscription money for books, particularly Stewart's Athens. He closes with a remark at the bottom of the sheet, "We are all well, and as happy as other Folks for the present." At the time this letter was written, Franklin was appointed the agent of Pennsylvania in London (1757-62, 1764-75); prior to assuming these duties, he served as the clerk of the Pennsylvania general assembly (1736-50), postmaster of Philadelphia (1737), delegate to the Continental Congress (1775-76), signer of the Declaration of Independence, and president of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention (1776). In addition, due to his scientific experiments, Franklin was also made a member of the Royal Society. Before involving himself in politics, Franklin had a career as a Philadelphia printer, founder of the Pennsylvania Gazette (1728) and the popular Poor Richard's Almanac (1732). Later in life he was president of the trustees of the University of Pennsylvania and the Minister to France (1776-85).
- Gauss, Carl Friedrich, 1777-1855.
[Letter] 1816 March 4, Göttingen (Germany), [to] Doctor [August Ferdinand] Möbius, Leipzig / C[arl] F[riedrich] Gauss.
Letter written by Gauss in Göttingen to Möbius in Leipzig. Gauss begins by thanking Möbius for the gift of a copy of his work and apologizing for not having written sooner. He continues by expressing his heartfelt hope that Möbius will be appointed professor of astronomy in Leipzig (as indeed happened later that year) and his conviction that Möbius will make significant scientific contributions in that position. Gauss also mentions that in the past winter he has submitted two papers on the Fundamental Theorem of the Theory of Equations (what is now known as the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra) to the Göttingen scientific society. Gauss remarks that the construction of the new observatory in Göttingen is quite far along, and that he hopes to be able to move into his residence (in the observatory) by the next fall. He concludes with his best wishes to the astronomer Karl Mollweide at Leipzig.
Prof. Steven H. Weintraub,
Dept. of Mathematics, Lehigh University.
- Hathaway, Obed.
[Logbook] [1789?] November [16?] / Obed Hathaway.
Within this ship's log, Obed Hathaway records data regarding the art of navigation, notes on his voyages, useful information on weights and measures, as well as several manuscripts for poems and songs. His creative outpourings seem to have occurred in late fall 1793 through the spring of 1794. He then returned to the log to record two voyages in 1796. The first few pages indicate that Hathaway may have still been learning navigation; there are problems posed about latitude and longitude, with long answers and calculations answering them, and the tops of these pages are sequentially marked "Exm 4th" and so on. Next, Hathaway's proper log begins, on which he plots the specifics about "A Journal of a Voyage from Dominica to Port Caville" November 11, 1793 (04 verso); his next voyage is "from Crooked Island to Charlestown" on board the ship Bedford on January 10, 1796 (06 verso); the final voyage recorded here is from Charlestown to Amsterdam on the Bedford commanded by Cornealus Grinnell on April 12, 1796 (10 verso). Of this last voyage, Hathaway notes that they struck a reef in a "gail" and there was "a man over Bord throde over... it was not possible of Geting him" (17 recto). Despite the formality of the log, it is interspersed with personal references, such as Hathaway's mention of the "sweat lovely Jinny" (02 verso), his repeated writing of a platitude (04 recto), his IOU's with Benjamin Goodspeed (24 verso and 33 recto), a genealogy of his family (22 verso) and his numerous poetic songs and revisions. These verses focus on the call to lead a sea-faring life (21 verso), facing enemies like the "Spanish inveleads" (22 recto), narratives of the voyage of a "yanky heero... manly by name" who exchanges broadsides with British "Tirants" in a battle at sea (22-23), meeting a young damsel alone on a May morning (24 recto), and the involved "A Song of a Sheffield Prentice" who runs away from his master to accompany a rich young woman to Holland. She offers him gold and jewels to be hers, but he refuses as "I have allredy promised and mad a solom vow/ To wed with Saly your hansom Chamber made" (25 recto); thus scorned, she accuses him of theft, and he is left awaiting the hangman. The name "Sally" also appears in a song written on February 10, 1794 (26 verso) in which the speaker is again an apprentice who shirks his work and Sunday sermons to "slink away with Sally" (27 recto). Another song of the sea appears from April 18, 1794 (28 verso), followed by a pastoral ode "A Song of Yore" (29 verso), then a series of pages dealing with more prosaic weights and measures for cloth, wool, wine, beer, oil, land, and time (30). On 32 recto there's a November 1, 1793 letter to Hathaways's sister in which he asks to be remembered to a young lady and regrets that he has not visited sooner. The next song refers to a 7-month voyage during which the crew drinks to sweethearts and wives on Saturday nights (32 verso). The final page includes an inventory of the possessions in Hathaway's sea chest as he came on board the ship on October 13, 1793 including clothing, knives, "fore books one testament," a scale, and a "pound of money" (33 verso).
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